publication . Article . 2018

Methodological quality and synthesis of case series and case reports

Mohammad Hassan Murad; Shahnaz Sultan; Samir Haffar; Fateh Bazerbachi;
Open Access English
  • Published: 02 Feb 2018 Journal: BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine, volume 23, issue 2, pages 60-63 (issn: 2515-446X, eissn: 2515-4478, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Abstract
<jats:p>Case reports and case series are uncontrolled study designs known for increased risk of bias but have profoundly influenced the medical literature and continue to advance our knowledge. In this guide, we present a framework for appraisal, synthesis and application of evidence derived from case reports and case series. We propose a tool to evaluate the methodological quality of case reports and case series based on the domains of selection, ascertainment, causality and reporting and provide signalling questions to aid evidence-based practitioners and systematic reviewers in their assessment. We suggest using evidence derived from case reports and case ser...
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Subjects
free text keywords: General Medicine, 1506, 2363, 655, epidemiology, Valuation (finance), Uncontrolled Study, Increased risk, Actuarial science, Causality, Methodological quality, Evidence-based medicine, Medical literature, Medicine, business.industry, business
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