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East European Politics and Societies and Cultures
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Corruption, Campaigning, and Novelty: The 2020 Parliamentary Elections and the Evolving Patterns of Party Politics in Slovakia

Authors: Tim Haughton; Marek Rybář; Kevin Deegan-Krause;

Corruption, Campaigning, and Novelty: The 2020 Parliamentary Elections and the Evolving Patterns of Party Politics in Slovakia

Abstract

Party politics across Central and Eastern Europe has become less structured. Many of the divides that anchored political competition have waned in recent years, weakening the attachment of voters to the existing palette of parties and making them more likely to be attracted to new and non-traditional electoral vehicles. But for such parties to succeed at the ballot box, they need to be able to frame elections and campaign effectively. Drawing on data from a specially commissioned survey, we find that the success of Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (OĽaNO) led by Igor Matovič in the 2020 parliamentary elections in Slovakia owed much to the crafting of an anti-corruption appeal combined with an effective campaign. Both mobilization and conversion of voters, particularly through television and the leaders’ debates, in the months leading up to election day ensured OĽaNO won a quarter of the vote. OĽaNO stands in stark contrast to other parties whose leaders failed to craft as effective a message, miscalculated the impact of electoral rules and in some cases were unable to distance themselves enough from their past actions. The success of OĽaNO underlines that themes related to anti-corruption and good governance have become central to party politics and political contestation. More broadly, the election and its aftermath continued a general trend of forward movement of voters from old parties to new to newer still, indicating the churn of party politics in Slovakia is likely to continue.

Country
Czech Republic
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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Competition (economics) Politics Corruption media_common.quotation_subject General election Political economy Political science Novelty media_common

Keywords

Sociology and Political Science, party politics; elections; campaigning; Slovakia; new parties

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2. T. Haughton, "Exit, Choice and Legacy: Explaining the Patterns of Party Politics in Postcommunist Slovakia," East European Politics 30 (2014): 210-29.

3. See G. Vidal, "Challenging Business as Usual? The Rise of New Parties in Spain in Times of Crisis," West European Politics 41 (2018): 261-86; C. E. De Vries and S. B. Hobolt, Political Entrepreneurs: The Rise of Challenger Parties (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2020); T. Haughton and K . Deegan-Krause, The New Party Challenge: Changing Patterns of Party Birth and Death in Central Europe and Beyond (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020).

4. V. Krivý, Co prezrádzajú volebné výsledky? Parlamentné voľby 1992-1998 (Bratislava: IVO, 1999); K . Deegan-Krause, Elected Affinities: Democracy and Party Competition in Slovakia and the Czech Republic (Palo Alto, C A : Stanford University Press, 2006).

5. S. Fisher, Political Change in Post-Communist Slovakia and Croatia: From Nationalist to Europeanist (Basingstoke, U K : Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).

6. T. Haughton and M . Rybář, " A Change of Direction: The 2006 Parliamentary Elections and Party Politics in Slovakia," Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics 24 (2008): 232-55.

7. Swen Hutter and Hanspeter Kriesi, eds., Restructuring European Party Politics in Times of Crisis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019).

8. Zsolt Enyedi, "The Role of Agency in Cleavage Formation," European Journal of Political Research 44 (2005): 697-720. [OpenAIRE]

9. J. Cyr, The Fates of Political Parties: Institutional Crisis, Continuity and Change in Latin America (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017); N . Bolleyer, New Parties in Old Party Systems: Persistence and Decline in Seventeen Democracies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013); M . Tavits, Post-Communist Democracies and Party Organization (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

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    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
9
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
hybrid
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