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Circulation Research
Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
Data sources: Crossref
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The Tumor-Suppressive Human Circular RNA CircITCH Sponges miR-330-5p to Ameliorate Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity Through Upregulating SIRT6, Survivin, and SERCA2a

Authors: Dong Han; Yongjun Wang; Yabin Wang; Xinchun Dai; Tingwen Zhou; Jiangwei Chen; Bo Tao; +2 Authors

The Tumor-Suppressive Human Circular RNA CircITCH Sponges miR-330-5p to Ameliorate Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity Through Upregulating SIRT6, Survivin, and SERCA2a

Abstract

Rationale: Doxorubicin is one of the most potent antitumor agents available; however, its clinical use is restricted because it poses a risk of severe cardiotoxicity. Previous work has established that CircITCH (circular RNA ITCH [E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase]) is a broad-spectrum tumor-suppressive circular RNA and that its host gene, ITCH (E3 ubiquitin protein ligase), is involved in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity (DOXIC). Whether CircITCH plays a role in DOXIC remains unknown. Objective: We aimed to dissect the role of CircITCH in DOXIC and further decipher its potential mechanisms. Methods and Results: Circular RNA sequencing was performed to screen the potentially involved circRNAs in DOXI pathogenesis. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and RNA in situ hybridization revealed that CircITCH was downregulated in doxorubicin-treated human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) as well as in the autopsy specimens from cancer patients who suffered from doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. Cell death/viability assays, detection of cardiomyocyte necrosis markers, microelectrode array, and cardiomyocyte functional assays revealed that CircITCH ameliorated doxorubicin-induced cardiomyocyte injury and dysfunction. Detection of cellular/mitochondrial oxidative stress and DNA damage markers verified that CircITCH alleviated cellular/mitochondrial oxidative stress and DNA damage induced by doxorubicin. RNA pull-down assays, Ago2 immunoprecipitation and double fluorescent in situ hybridization identified miR-330-5p as a direct target of CircITCH. Moreover, CircITCH was found to function by acting as an endogenous sponge that sequestered miR-330-5p. Bioinformatic analysis, luciferase reporter assays, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that SIRT6 (sirtuin 6), BIRC5 (baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5, Survivin), and ATP2A2 (ATPase sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca 2+ transporting 2, SERCA2a [SR Ca 2+ -ATPase 2]) were direct targets of miR-330-5p and that they were regulated by the CircITCH/miR-330-5p axis in DOXIC. Further experiments demonstrated that CircITCH-mediated alleviation of DOXIC was dependent on the interactions between miR-330-5p and the 3′-UTRs of SIRT6, BIRC5, and ATP2A2 mRNA. Finally, AAV9 (adeno-associated virus serotype 9) vector-based overexpression of the well-conserved CircITCH partly prevented DOXIC in mice. Conclusions: CircITCH represents a novel therapeutic target for DOXIC because it acts as a natural sponge of miR-330-5p, thereby upregulating SIRT6, Survivin and SERCA2a to alleviate doxorubicin-induced cardiomyocyte injury and dysfunction.

Related Organizations
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: SIRT6 Cardiotoxicity business.industry DNA damage medicine.disease_cause Circular RNA Survivin medicine Cancer research Doxorubicin business Induced pluripotent stem cell Oxidative stress medicine.drug

Keywords

Physiology, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    impulse
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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    74
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 1%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 1%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
74
Top 1%
Top 10%
Top 1%
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