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Teoría y Praxis
Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
License: CC BY NC
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Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala abreviada de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21) en adultos salvadoreños

Authors: Orellana, Carlos Iván; Orellana, Ligia María;

Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala abreviada de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21) en adultos salvadoreños

Abstract

Los síntomas emocionales son altamente prevalentes en El Salvador y se requieren escalas apropiadas para su medición. En este artículo se exponen las propiedades psicométricas de la escala abreviada de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21) a partir de una muestra de adultos salvadoreños. Participaron 339 residentes salvadoreños mayores de 18 años, 62% mujeres y 38% hombres, edad promedio de 34.1 años (DE = 11.8). Los datos fueron recabados durante la cuarentena domiciliar debido a la pandemia de COVID-19. Los participantes respondieron de forma voluntaria y anónima un cuestionario en línea con tres partes: datos sociodemográficos, percepciones relacionadas con la pandemia y la escala de síntomas emocionales DASS-21. La escala y sus dimensiones presentan una alta consistencia interna (α ≥ .88). Se presupone su validez de contenido; correlaciones teóricamente congruentes confirman su validez concurrente de criterio y un análisis factorial confirmatorio ratifica la estructura esperada de tres factores (validez de constructo; 63% de varianza explicada). Se concluye que la escala DASS-21 es válida y confiable para ser aplicada en el contexto salvadoreño, cuestión que abre posibilidades de investigación y diagnóstico para estudiantes y profesionales interesados en el estudio de la salud mental.

Country
El Salvador
Related Organizations
Keywords

Ansiedad, Reproducibilidad de los Resultados, Depresión, General Earth and Planetary Sciences, Síntomas Afectivos, Teoría y Praxis, Salud Mental, General Environmental Science

Antúnez, Z., & Vinet, E. (2012). Escalas de depresión, ansiedad y Estrés (DASS - 21): Validación de la versión abreviada en estudiantes universitarios chilenos. Terapia Psicológica, 30(3), 49-55. doi: 10.4067/S0718-48082012000300005.

Apóstolo, J. L. A., Figueiredo, M. H., Mendes, A. C., & Rodrigues, M. A. (2011). Depresión, ansiedad y estrés en usuarios de cuidados primarios de salud. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 19(2), 348-353. doi: 10.1590/S0104-11692011000200017 Clark-Carter, D. (2002). Investigación cuantitativa en Psicología. Oxford University Press.

Crump M. J. C., Price P. C., Jhangiani, R., Chiang I. C., & Leighton D. C. (2017). Research Methods for Psychology. The Brooklyn College Edition. https://crumplab.github.io/ResearchMethods/ Methods_Crump.pdf

Everly G. S. Jr., & Lating, J. M. (2013). A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response (3a Ed). New York: Springer. eBook doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-5538-7 García-Rivera, B., Maldonado-Radillo, S. E., & Ramírez Barón, M. (2014). Estados afectivos emocionales (depresión, ansiedad y estrés) en personal de enfermería del sector salud pública de México. Summa Psicológica UST, 11(1), 65-73. doi: 10.18774/448x.2014.11.128 Gerencia de Estadísticas de Género - Dirección General de Estadística y Censos DIGESTYC (2017). Encuesta Nacional de Violencia contra las Mujeres (ENVCM). https://oig.cepal.org/es/ documentos/encuesta-nacional-violencia-mujeres-salvador-2017 Gutiérrez Quintanilla, J. R., & Portillo García, C. B. (2013). La ansiedad y la depresión como indicadores de problemas de salud mental en los salvadoreños. Revista Electrónica de Psicología Iztacala, 16(2), 533-557. http://revistas.unam.mx/index.php/repi/article/view/39965/36368 Gutiérrez Quintanilla, J. R., & Portillo García, C. B. (2014). La violencia delincuencial asociada a la salud mental en la población salvadoreña. Revista de Psicología (PUCP), 32(1), 3-38. doi: 10.18800/psico.201401.001

Gutiérrez-Quintanilla, J.R., Lobos-Rivera, M., & Tejada-Rodríguez, J. (2020). Adaptación psicométrica de las escalas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en una muestra de adolescentes salvadoreños. Entorno, (69), 12-22. doi: 10.5377/entorno.v0i69.9556 Howard, M. C. (2016). A Review of Exploratory Factor Analysis Decisions and Overview of Current Practices: What We Are Doing and How Can We Improve? International Journal of HumanComputer Interaction, 32(1), 51-62. doi: 10.1080/10447318.2015.1087664 Laboratorio de Psicología Clínica de la Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz (Clinik Lab). (s.f.). Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). https://blogs.konradlorenz.edu.co/files/dass21.pdf

Ministerio de Salud de El Salvador [MINSAL] (2017). Boletín de prensa-MINSAL, ISSS y OPS conmemoran el Día Mundial de la Salud. https://www.salud.gob.sv/archivos/comunicaciones/ archivos_comunicados2017/pdf/boletin_prensa06042017.pdf

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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
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Average
Average
Average
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