publication . Article . 2020

COVID-19—Zoonosis or Emerging Infectious Disease?

Najmul Haider; Peregrine Rothman-Ostrow; Abdinasir Yusuf Osman; Liã Bárbara Arruda; Laura Macfarlane-Berry; Linzy Elton; Margaret J. Thomason; Dorothy Yeboah-Manu; Rashid Ansumana; Nathan Kapata; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 26 Nov 2020 Journal: Frontiers in Public Health, volume 8 (issn: 2296-2565, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
<jats:p>The World Health Organization defines a zoonosis as any infection naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans. The pandemic of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 has been classified as a zoonotic disease, however, no animal reservoir has yet been found, so this classification is premature. We propose that COVID-19 should instead be classified an “<jats:italic>emerging infectious disease (EID) of probable animal origin</jats:italic>.” To explore if COVID-19 infection fits our proposed re-categorization vs. the contemporary definitions of zoonoses, we reviewed current evidence of infection origin and transmission routes of SA...
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Medical Subject Headings: viruses
free text keywords: Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, zoonoses, emerging infectious disease (EID), spillover, Public Health, Brief Research Report, lcsh:Public aspects of medicine, lcsh:RA1-1270, Pandemic, Transmission (mechanics), law.invention, law, Coronavirus, medicine.disease_cause, medicine, Emerging infectious disease, Virus, Virology, Biology, Mink, biology.animal, Disease, Zoonosis, medicine.disease
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