publication . Article . 2020

Communicable Diseases (Including COVID-19)—Induced Global Depression: Caused by Inadequate Healthcare Expenditures, Population Density, and Mass Panic

Muhammad Khalid Anser; Zahid Yousaf; Muhammad Azhar Khan; Abdullah Zafar Sheikh; Abdelmohsen A. Nassani; Muhammad Moinuddin Qazi Abro; Khalid Zaman;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Aug 2020 Journal: Frontiers in Public Health, volume 8 (issn: 2296-2565, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
Coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading at an enormous rate and has caused deaths beyond expectations due to a variety of reasons. These include: (i) inadequate healthcare spending causing, for instance, a shortage of protective equipment, testing swabs, masks, surgical gloves, gowns, etc.; (ii) a high population density that causes close physical contact among community members who reside in compact places, hence they are more likely to be exposed to communicable diseases, including coronavirus; and (iii) mass panic due to the fear of experiencing the loss of loved ones, lockdown, and shortage of food. In a given scenario, the study focused on the following key var...
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free text keywords: communicable diseases, (COVID-19), healthcare expenditures, poverty incidence, population density, global depression, Public Health, Original Research, GMM estimator, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, lcsh:Public aspects of medicine, lcsh:RA1-1270, Pandemic, Business, Development economics, Panic, medicine.symptom, medicine, Closeness, Health care, business.industry, Cash transfers, Dummy variable, Poverty, Distancing
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