publication . Article . 2021

Wild meat trade over the last 45 years in the Peruvian Amazon

Pedro Mayor; Hani R. El Bizri; Thais Q. Morcatty; Kelly Moya; Nora Bendayán; Samantha Solis; Carlos F. A. Vasconcelos Neto; Maire Kirkland; Omar Arevalo; Tula G. Fang; ...
Open Access
  • Published: 27 Aug 2021
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
The trade in wild meat is an important economic component of rural people's livelihoods, but it has been perceived to be among the main causes of the decline of wildlife species. Recently, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought to light an additional concern of wildlife markets as a major human-health challenge. We analyzed data from the largest longitudinal monitoring (1973-2018) of the most important urban wild-meat markets in Iquitos, Peru, to examine the trends in and impacts of these markets on people's livelihoods. Over the last 45 years, wild meat sales increased at a rate of 6.4 t/year (SD 2.17), paralleling urban population growth. Wild meat sales were highest in 2018 (442 t), contributing US$2.6 million (0.76%) to the regional gross domestic product. Five species of ungulates and rodents accounted for 88.5% of the amount of biomass traded. Vulnerable and Endangered species represented 7.0% and 0.4% of individuals sold, respectively. Despite growth in sales, the contribution of wild meat to overall urban diet was constant: 1-2%/year of total meat consumed. This result was due to greater availability and higher consumption of cheaper meats (e.g., in 2018, poultry was 45.8% cheaper and was the most consumed meat) coupled with the lack of economic incentives to harvest wild meat species in rural areas. Most wild meat was sold salted or smoked, reducing the likelihood of foodborne diseases. Community-based wildlife management plans and the continued trade bans on primates and threatened taxa may avoid biodiversity loss. Considering the recent COVID-19 pandemic, future management plans should include potential viral hosts and regulation and enforcement of hygiene practices in wild-meat markets.
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Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: food and beverages
free text keywords: Nature and Landscape Conservation, Ecology, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Animals Salvatges, Animals salvatges -- Comerç -- Dret i legislació, Bushmeat, Public health, Wildlife trade, Sustainability, Urban markets, Amazonia, Rural area, Biodiversity, Wildlife, Wildlife management, Socioeconomics, Threatened species, Geography, Endangered species, Gross domestic product, Population growth
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