publication . Article . 2012

Viral Etiology of Influenza-Like Illnesses in Cameroon, January–December 2009

Richard Njouom; Elsie Laban Yekwa; Pierre Cappy; Astrid Vabret; Pascal Boisier; Dominique Rousset;
Open Access
  • Published: 15 Dec 2012 Journal: The Journal of Infectious Diseases, volume 206, pages S29-S35 (issn: 0022-1899, eissn: 1537-6613, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Abstract
Abstract Background. No information is available on the viral etiology of upper respiratory tract infections in Cameroon. Methods. We prospectively enrolled outpatients with influenza-like illness (ILI) presenting at 14 sentinel clinics located across the country from January through December 2009. The specimens were tested using real-time and multiplex reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction methods for the detection of 15 RNA respiratory viruses. Results. We detected at least 1 respiratory virus in 365 of 561 specimens (65.1%). Overall, influenza virus was the most commonly detected virus (28.2% of specimens), followed by human rhinovirus (17.8%); para...
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Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: virus diseasesviruses
free text keywords: Immunology and Allergy, Infectious Diseases, Central Africa, Human metapneumovirus, biology.organism_classification, biology, Coinfection, medicine.disease, medicine, Respiratory virus, Virology, Enterovirus, medicine.disease_cause, Rhinovirus, Coronavirus, Orthomyxoviridae, business.industry, business, Respiratory tract infections
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