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Europe PubMed Central
Article . 2020
Data sources: PubMed Central
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American Journal of Infection Control
Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
License: Elsevier TDM
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The role of facial contact in infection control: Renewed import in the age of coronavirus

Authors: Christensen, Paul A.; Anton, Joseph R.; Anton, Canivan R.; Schwartz, Mary R.; Anton, Rose C.;

The role of facial contact in infection control: Renewed import in the age of coronavirus

Abstract

Background Decreasing facial contact takes on new urgency as society tries to stem the tide of COVID-19 spread. A better understanding of the pervasiveness of facial contact in social settings is required in order to then take steps to mitigate the action. Methods YouTube videos of random individuals were included in a behavioral observation study to document rates of contact to the eyes, nose, and mouth area. Factors including age, sex, the presence of eyewear or facial hair, distraction and fatigue were analyzed as possible contributing factors that increase likelihood of facial contact. Results The median rate of facial contact was 22 contacts per hour. Men had a significantly higher rate of facial contact compared to women. Age, glasses, and presence of facial hair were not contributing factors. The mouth was the most frequently observed site of contact. Fatigue and distraction may increase rates of facial contact. Conclusions Changing personal behavior is a simple and cost-effective action that can be employed to reduce one's risk of acquiring an infectious disease. This study indicates that there are societal differences that put some individuals at higher risk of contracting infectious disease than others.

Highlights • Men show higher rates of facial contact than women. • Rates of facial contact can vary in different social situations. • Fatigue and distraction increase rates of facial contact and subsequent infection risk.

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Microsoft Academic Graph classification: medicine.medical_specialty 2019-20 coronavirus outbreak Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Audiology Distraction medicine Infection transmission Infection control Nose business.industry Facial hair medicine.anatomical_structure business

Keywords

Male, Epidemiology, Video Recording, Hand-to-face contact, Major Article, Humans, Infection transmission, SARS-CoV-2, Health Policy, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, COVID-19, Infectious Diseases, Female, Hand hygiene

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    1
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
1
Average
Average
Average
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