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COVİD-19 pandemisinin ebeveyn korkusu ve çocuğun tepkileri üzerine etkisi

Authors: Tunç, Funda;

COVİD-19 pandemisinin ebeveyn korkusu ve çocuğun tepkileri üzerine etkisi

Abstract

Covid-19 appeared for the first time in December 2019 in the Chinese city of Wuhan and has become a pandemic that has affected many people. The disease was assessed as a crisis and measures were taken. In these difficult conditions, it has been seriously affected in children along with adults. This research was conducted with parents with children aged 7-10 years in Denizli province in order to investigate the effect of the pandemic on parental fear and child's reactions. Dec. The study is a descriptive relational type study and a total of 344 parents were included in the study. The data obtained in the research were analyzed using the SPSS Statistics for Windows 25.0 program. Descriptive statistical methods were used while evaluating the data. The average age of the children of the parents was found to be 8.63±2.25, and when the distribution by age was examined, it was found that 51.7% of them were in the 8-9 age group.It was found that the average age of the mothers participating in the study was 35.05±6.26, and the average age of the fathers was 38.61±6.62. The research participants socio-demographic characteristics according to the Covid-19 fear scale scores compared according to the age of mothers and fathers, Covid-19 found a statistically significant difference between scores on the fear scale (p<0.05).It was observed that as the age of the parents increased, the scores of the Covid-19 Fear Scale decreased. It was found that there was a statistically significant difference between the Scale of Children's Reactions to the Pandemic Process and the sub-dimension scores of the mothers included in the study according to their age (p<0.05). It has been found that as the average age of mothers decreases, the Scale of Children's Reactions to the Pandemic Process and sub-dimension scores increase. According to the educational status of mothers Covid-19 Fear determined that there was a statistically significant difference between scores on the scale (p<0.05), educational status illiterate/ literate mothers who are not Covid-19 Is the fear scale scores, educational attainment Primary School/ Secondary School were more than mothers. The educational status of mothers of children according to the scale of the pandemic in the process of the reaction and its dimensions determined that there was a statistically significant difference between the scores (p<0.05), educational status of children of mothers with high school responses to the pandemic in the process of scale scores, educational status, literate/ illiterate, and more than college and the mother were determined to be higher. As a result of the study, it was concluded that parents' Covid-19 fear levels affect their children's reactions to the pandemic.

Covid-19,ilk kez 2019 yılının aralık ayında Çin' in Wuhan şehrinde ortaya çıkmış birçok insanı etkilemiş pandemi haline gelmiştir. Hastalık kriz olarak değerlendirilerek önlemler alınmıştır. Yaşanılan bu zor koşullar içerisinde yetişkinlerle birlikte çocuklarda ciddi bir şekilde etkilenmiştir. Bu araştırma pandeminin ebeveyn korkusu ve çocuğun tepkileri üzerine olan etkisinin araştırılması amacıyla Denizli ilinde bulunan 7-10 yaş arası çocuğu olan ebeveynlerle yapılmıştır. Araştırmaya tanımlayıcı ilişkisel tipte bir araştırma olup toplam 344 ebeveyn çalışmaya dahil edilmiştir. Araştırmada elde edilen veriler SPSS Statistics for Windows 25.0 programı kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Veriler değerlendirilirken tanımlayıcı istatistiksel metotlar kullanılmıştır. Ebeveynlerin çocuklarının yaş ortalamaları 8.63±2.25 bulunmuş, yaşlara göre dağılım incelendiğinde %51.7'sinin 8-9 yaş grubunda olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Çalışmaya katılan annelerin yaş ortalamalarının 35.05±6.26 olduğu, babaların yaş ortalamasının 38.61±6.62 olduğu bulunmuştur. Araştırmaya dâhil edilen katılımcıların sosyo-demografik özelliklerine göre Covid-19 Korkusu Ölçeği puanları karşılaştırılmış, anne ve babaların yaşlarına göre Covid-19 Korkusu Ölçeği puanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark olduğu saptanmıştır (p<0.05).Ebeveynlerin yaşları arttıkça Covid-19 Korkusu Ölçeği puanları azaldığı görülmüştür. Araştırmaya dâhil edilen annelerin yaşlarına göre Çocukların Pandemi Sürecindeki Tepkileri Ölçeği ve alt boyut puanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark olduğu bulunmuştur (p<0.05). Annelerin yaş ortalaması düştükçe, Çocukların Pandemi Sürecindeki Tepkileri Ölçeği ve alt boyut puanlarının arttığı saptanmıştır. Annelerin eğitim durumlarına göre Covid-19 Korkusu Ölçeği Puanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark olduğu belirlenmiş (p<0.05), eğitim durumu okuryazar/ okuryazar değil olan annelerin Covid-19 Korkusu Ölçeği puanlarının, eğitim durumu ilkokul/ ortaokul olan annelere göre daha fazla olduğu saptanmıştır. Annelerin eğitim durumlarına göre Çocukların Pandemi Sürecindeki Tepkileri Ölçeği ve alt boyutları puanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark olduğu saptanmış (p<0.05), eğitim durumu lise olan annelerin Çocukların Pandemi Sürecindeki Tepkileri Ölçeği puanlarının, eğitim durumu okuryazar/ okuryazar değil ve üniversite ve üstü olan annelere göre daha fazla olduğu belirlenmiştir. Çalışmanın sonucunda ebeveynlerin Covid-19 korku düzeylerinin çocuklarının pandemiye karşı tepkilerini etkilediği sonucuna varılmıştır.

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Turkey
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Keywords

Ebeveyn, Parent, Covid-19 fear, Covid-19 korkusu, Children's reactions during the pandemic process, Çocukların pandemi sürecindeki tepkileri, Covid-19 pandemic, Covid-19 pandemisi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları, Child Health and Diseases

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
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Corona Virus Disease