research product . 2021

Environmental Science & Technology Letters

Calder, Ryan S. D.; Grady, Caitlin; Jeuland, Marc; Kirchhoff, Christine J.; Hale, Rebecca L.; Muenich, Rebecca L.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Aug 2021
  • Publisher: American Chemical Society
  • Country: United States
Abstract
Food, energy, and water (FEW) sectors are inextricably linked, making one sector vulnerable to disruptions in another. Interactions between FEW systems, viral pandemics, and human health have not been widely studied. We mined scientific and news/media articles for causal relations among FEW and COVID-19 variables and qualitatively characterized system dynamics. Food systems promoted the emergence and spread of COVID-19, leading to illness and death. Major supply-side breakdowns were avoided (likely due to low morbidity/mortality among working-age people). However, COVID-19 and physical distancing disrupted labor and capital inputs and stressed supply chains, whi...
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free text keywords: 0502 Environmental Science and Management, 0907 Environmental Engineering, 1002 Environmental Biotechnology, COVID-19
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COVID-19
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