research product . 2020

Good Counterfactuals and Where to Find Them: A Case-Based Technique for Generating Counterfactuals for Explainable AI (XAI)

Smyth, Barry; Keane, Mark T.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 25 May 2020
  • Country: Ireland
Abstract
The 28th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2020), Salamanca, Spain, 8–12 June 2020 (held online due to COVID-19 pandemic) Recently, a groundswell of research has identified the use of counter-factual explanations as a potentially significant solution to the Explainable AI (XAI) problem. It is argued that (i) technically, these counterfactual cases can be generated by permuting problem-features until a class-change is found, (ii) psychologically, they are much more causally informative than factual explanations, (iii) legally, they are GDPR-compliant. However, there are issues around the finding of “good” counterfactuals using current techni...
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free text keywords: Recommender systems, CBR, Explanation, XAI, Counterfactuals, Contrastive
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