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Влияние на COVID-19 върху авиокомпаниите и международния туризъм

Влияние на COVID-19 върху авиокомпаниите и международния туризъм

Abstract

Коронавирусът промени много дейности и сектори, но едва ли другаде те са толкова ускорени, видими и преки, колкото в туристическата индустрия. Ограниченията за пътуване във връзка със здравната криза нанесоха тежки щети на туризма, който има важен принос за всяка икономика. Към април 2020 г. авиоиндустрията отчита 80% спад в полетите в сравнение със същия период през 2019 г. В зависимост от продължителността на кризата, разгледаните възможности показват, че потенциалният спад варира между 60-80% в международната туристическа икономика през 2021 г. Основната цел в настоящата разработка е да се проучи негативното въздействие на COVID-19 върху авиокомпаниите и международния туризъм. В научното изследване се прилагат редица общовалидни научни методи – наблюдение, анализ, синтез, аналогия, сравнение и други. Резултатите от научното изследване са изведените специфични мерки за развитието на туризма, свързани със здравни протоколи за безопасно пътуване, информационни приложения за посетители, кампании за насърчаване на вътрешния туризъм и план за възстановяване на туризма в дестинациите, чрез насърчаване на иновациите и инвестициите Abstract Coronavirus has changed many activities and sectors, but nowhere else are they as accelerated, visible and direct as in the tourism industry. Travel restrictions due to the health crisis have severely damaged tourism, which has made an important contribution to any economy. As of April 2020, the aviation industry reports an 80% decline in flights compared to the same period in 2019. Depending on the duration of the crisis, the considered possibilities show that the potential decline varies between 60-80% in the international tourism economy in 2021. The aim of this study is to examine the negative impact of COVID-19 on airlines and international tourism. A number of universally valid scientific methods are applied in scientific research – observation, analysis, synthesis, analogy, comparison and others. The result of the research is the specific measures for the development of tourism, related to health protocols for safe travel, information applications for visitors, campaigns to promote domestic tourism and a plan to restore tourism in destinations by promoting innovation and investment. JEL: L83

Country
Bulgaria
Keywords

air transport, Международен туризъм, COVID-19, international tourism, въздушен транспорт

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
Related to Research communities
Corona Virus Disease
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