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Other research product . Other ORP type . 2017

The Interaction between Nidovirales and Autophagy Components

Cong, Yingying; Verlhac, Pauline; Reggiori, Fulvio;
Open Access
English
Published: 11 Jul 2017
Abstract
Autophagy is a conserved intracellular catabolic pathway that allows cells to maintain homeostasis through the degradation of deleterious components via specialized double-membrane vesicles called autophagosomes. During the past decades, it has been revealed that numerous pathogens, including viruses, usurp autophagy in order to promote their propagation. Nidovirales are an order of enveloped viruses with large single-stranded positive RNA genomes. Four virus families (Arterividae, Coronaviridae, Mesoniviridae, and Roniviridae) are part of this order, which comprises several human and animal pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. In host cells, Nidovirales induce membrane rearrangements including autophagosome formation. The relevance and putative mechanism of autophagy usurpation, however, remain largely elusive. Here, we review the current knowledge about the possible interplay between Nidovirales and autophagy.
Subjects

coronavirus, arterivirus, mesonivirus, ronivirus, autophagosome, autophagic flux, infection, replication, egression, RESPIRATORY-SYNDROME-VIRUS, TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, CORONAVIRUS REPLICATION COMPLEX, ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM STRESS, DOUBLE-MEMBRANE VESICLES, EQUINE ARTERITIS VIRUS, VIRAL REPLICATION, ATG PROTEINS, PRRSV INFECTION, ERAD REGULATORS

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Funded by
NWO| A three-dimensional look into autophagy
Project
  • Funder: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (NWO)
  • Project Code: 2300175771
,
SNSF| ER-phagy mechanisms to maintain and restore endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis
Project
  • Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
  • Project Code: CRSII3_154421
  • Funding stream: Programmes | Sinergia
,
EC| PRONKJEWAIL
Project
PRONKJEWAIL
Protecting patients with enhanced susceptibility to infections
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 713660
  • Funding stream: H2020 | MSCA-COFUND-DP
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Other ORP type . 2017
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