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Utrecht University

Country: Netherlands
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713 Projects, page 1 of 143
  • Open Access mandate for Publications and Research data
    Funder: EC Project Code: 851043
    Overall Budget: 1,500,000 EURFunder Contribution: 1,500,000 EUR
    Partners: Utrecht University

    According to the currently dominant account of moral progress, the story of moral progress goes something like this: once, moral recognition used to be the privilege of a select few. Full moral status was only accorded to people of a certain class, age, gender, ethnicity, or religion. Over time, the moral franchise was gradually extended, however imperfectly, to include human beings of all races, creeds, or genders. Eventually, even species membership is recognized as morally irrelevant, and the moral circle is extended towards non-human animals as well. Many influential ethicists call this the “expanding circle” of moral concern. Moral progress, on this account, consists in further expansions of the moral realm beyond ethically arbitrary features. This account, however, faces a serious feasibility problem: our moral concern is limited due to features of our evolved psychology. Empathy is parochial; altruism remains tied to friends and kin. This project will develop an alternative theory of moral progress. By focusing on different forms of moral progress other than the expanding circle, different moral attitudes which are not subject to the same evolutionary constraints, and smart institutions that can bypass the limits of our inherited psychology, it will be shown that the prospects of moral progress have been severely underestimated.

  • Open Access mandate for Publications and Research data
    Funder: EC Project Code: 101018193
    Overall Budget: 187,572 EURFunder Contribution: 187,572 EUR
    Partners: Utrecht University

    Given the rapid development of information-based society, it becomes more important and urgent to find efficient means to store and process huge amount of information. While the traditional transistor technology is becoming a bottleneck, spintronics and quantum information science stand out as two promising candidates to innovate our current computing and storage concepts. The combination of these two fields can allow us to take advantages of both fields to build solid-state platforms for studying quantum phenomena and performing multi-functional quantum information tasks. However, their interaction was limited because of the different properties of classical magnetization in spintronics and quantum qubit in the quantum information. The situation is changing with the progress of magnonic spintronics, which manipulates the collective magnetic excitation so-called magnons, and fits neatly with continuous variable quantum information. In the SPINCAT project, I will provide a route to bridge the two fields by examining the generation and manipulation of the magnonic Schrödinger cat state in the continuous variable quantum information science. In particular, I will (i) generate and manipulate of magnonic cat state in magnetic ordered systems driven by parametric pumping, (ii) ascertain its robustness under the influence of magnon-photon and magnon-magnon scattering, (iii) detect this nonclassical state by coupling it to the cavity photons, and (iv) identify its applications in quantum computing and quantum teleportation. The SPINCAT is an original, novel and highly interdisciplinary project covering spintronics, quantum optics and quantum information. The successful implementation of this project will significantly broaden the horizon of each subfield, and fertilize the on-going topics in magnonic spintronics in particular. Further, the training and skills acquired in this project would increase my competence in academics and boost myself to become a mature researcher.

  • Open Access mandate for Publications
    Funder: EC Project Code: 862283
    Funder Contribution: 150,000 EUR
    Partners: Utrecht University

    Both methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are greenhouse gases, but are available in large supply, and are often flared or vented. A promising strategy to efficiently utilize these abundant molecules is their transformation to easily transported liquid chemicals, which is particularly attractive because this conversion not only reduces emissions of the greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, but also produces commodity chemicals that can be either used as fuels or as precursors for many industrial processes. We propose the fabrication of a prototype membrane reactor, containing catalytically active, highly oriented zeolite ZSM-5 thin-films for the conversion of CO2 and CH4. We have recently demonstrated a method for fabricating catalytically active, highly oriented thin-films of zeolite ZSM-5 on various dense substrates. In this Proof of Concept proposal, we will develop the fabrication of zeolite ZSM-5 thin-films on porous substrates to serve as membranes for catalysis and to convert CH4 and CO2 into liquid commodity chemicals, especially aromatics. The membranes will be incorporated into a prototype reactor, to be designed and implemented as part of the proposal, for reaction testing and optimization. Along with the experimental work we will create a market analysis and seek potential industrial partners, key to this will be pursuing intellectual property coverage through a patent application.

  • Funder: EC Project Code: 220178
    Partners: Utrecht University