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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
482 Research products, page 1 of 49

  • COVID-19
  • Publications
  • Other research products
  • Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vuorio, Alpo; Brinck, Jonas; Kovanen, Petri T.;
    Country: Finland

    Based on separate protective mechanisms related to lipid metabolism, viral cell entry and inflammation, fibrate treatment might be advantageous among patients who have been taking fibrates before SARS-CoV-2 infection and continue taking them during the infection. Based on published data on hospitalized COVID-19 patients, we recommend that the clinicians should ask their patients with metabolic syndrome who are already taking fibrates to continue fibrate treatment during the COVID-19 illness. This recommendation applies to both outpatients and hospitalized patients. However, results from the ongoing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using fenofibrate treatment for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19 have yet to prove that fenofibrate is clinically significant for this indication. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Holmberg, Marcus; Koppatz, Hanna; Jansson, Anders; Hillingso, Jens Georg; Larsen, Peter Noergaard; Lassen, Kristoffer; Sallinen, Ville; Yaqub, Sheraz; Sparrelid, Ernesto;
    Country: Finland

    Non peer reviewed

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    De Angeli, Daniela; Frangoudes, Fotos; Avraam, Savvas; Neokleous, Kleanthis; O'Neill, Eamonn;
    Publisher: IEEE
    Country: United Kingdom

    Public displays are some of the most challenging interfaces to design because of two key characteristics. First, the experience should be engaging, to attract and maintain users’ attention. Second, the interaction with the display should be natural, meaning that users should be able to receive the desired output with little or no training. Holographic displays are increasingly popular in public spaces such as museums and concert halls but there is little published research on users’ experiences with such displays. Previous research has suggested both tangible and intangible inputs as engaging and natural options for holographic displays, but there is no conclusive evidence on their relative merits. Hence, we run a study to investigate the user experience with a holographic display comparing the level of engagement and feeling of natural experience in the interacting process. We used a mix of surveys, interviews, video recordings, and task-based metrics to measure users’ performance on a specific task, the perceived usability, and levels of engagement and satisfaction. Our findings suggest that a tangible input was reported as more natural than the intangible one, however, both tangible and intangible inputs were found to be equally engaging. The latter findings contribute to the efforts of designing intangible public holographic displays and other interactive systems that take into consideration health safety issues, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic era in which contamination can be established with tangible and physical interaction between users and public displays, yet without affecting the level of engagement compared to the tangible experience.

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . Conference object . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Melanie Duckert; Eve Hoggan; Louise Barkhuus; Pernille Bjørn; Nina Boulus-Rodje; Susanne Bødker; Naja Holten Møller; Irina Shklovski;
    Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.
    Country: Denmark

    Remote and hybrid work has received significant attention in the last years in both academic and industrial contexts, especially due to the COVID-19 pandemic and attendant lockdown. Some of the remaining challenges in current remote technologies include limited embodiment, hierarchy and agency issues, and significant technological limitations. In this workshop, we will, together with the participants, explore how to design socio-technical systems that connect people and artefacts during collaborative activities. The workshop will use provocations, artefacts, and group work to imagine the futures of work with a focus on hybrid work practices.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sarhadi, Pouria; Naeem, Wasif; Fraser, Karen; Wilson, David;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: United Kingdom

    Due to the nature of most postgraduate theses in control engineering and their similarities to industrial and software engineering projects, invoking novel project control techniques could be effective. In recent decades, agile techniques have attracted popularity thanks to their attributes in delivering successful projects. Hence exploiting those methods in education and thesis supervision of engineering topics can facilitate the process. On the other hand, because of the limitations imposed by the CoVid19 pandemic, the integration of well-established online tools in collaborative education is noteworthy. This paper proposes an application of the agile project management method for the supervision of postgraduate students’ theses in the general field of engineering. The study extends a Scrum technique combined with approved systems engineering and team working tools such as Jira Software, Microsoft Teams, and Git version control (Github website). A custom designed V-model to nail an outstanding thesis is presented. The overall blended method is beneficial to provide feedback and self-assessment aid for the students and the supervisors. Employing this technique has shown promising progress in easing the supervision of students whilst helping them to manage their projects.

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Algayres, Muriel Gaelle; Timcenko, Olga; Triantafyllou, Evangelia;
    Country: Denmark

    Purpose – This research examines how students’ learning was affected by the transition from a flipped classroom model to remote learning during the Covid19 lockdown and hybrid learning after return to class. Methodology – This study features quantitative analysis of undergraduate students’ online interactions with the course material over two semesters with the same instructor, one completely online, the other in the form of hybrid learning imposed by Covid19 restrictions. Participation in the game-based quizzes before class, in-class multiplayer game sessions, and presence in the classroom or online during the lectures were measured, as well as the students’ score to the final exam. Students also took a survey at the end of each semester to provide feedback on the course. Finally, interviews were made with some of the students to document their detailed impression of the learning challenges of the period.Findings – Results from this study identified four groups of students with different attitudes regarding learning and challenges during and after Covid19 restrictions. Some came back immediately in the physical class while others remained online or did both. Average scores correlate increased face-to-face time and regular online preparation before class with better results in the final exam. Qualitative data from students’ interviews confirm these changing attitudes to learning due to Covid19.Practical implication – This study allows us to reflect on best practices for hybrid learning and opportunities to improve on the flipped classroom model under changing modes of delivery. Furthermore, it underlines strategic importance to engage different profiles and challenges for students with less time and opportunity to engage in face-to-face learning.Interest – While research on flipped and hybrid classrooms is prevalent, little has been done in comparing the two models and their impact on students’ learning attitudes Furthermore, research on classroom adaption and adjustment during Covid19 is still at early stages. This study presents opportunities and challenges for the hybrid classroom moving forward.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Kramer, Kathrin; Schmidt, Matthias;
    Publisher: GITO Verlag
    Country: Germany

    Supply chains have to be designed and managed to handle complexity and uncertainties. Recent events (e.g. Covid-19) have shown how fragile supply chains can be when assumptions for the design and management of supply chains are challenged. In addition, governments are striving for systemic changes towards more sustainability (e.g. European Green Deal). To meet the resulting requirements, the concept of circular economy and with it, circular supply chain management (CSCM) are gaining attention as they could contribute to building a sustainable and resilient system. The German wind energy industry, with its long track record, is a suitable application for further research on CSCM, as the industry operates predominantly in a linear system and relies on finite materials. Despite, research on CSCM for the wind energy industry is still rare. The aim of the paper is therefore to present conceptional ideas that enable an efficient design of a circular wind energy industry in Germany. Aspects from an organization, products and processes level of a CSCM are outlined. These ideas contribute to the state of the art and inspire future discussions between researchers and practitioners. Supply chains have to be designed and managed to handle complexity and uncertainties. Recent events (e.g. Covid-19) have shown how fragile supply chains can be when assumptions for the design and management of supply chains are challenged. In addition, governments are striving for systemic changes towards more sustainability (e.g. European Green Deal). To meet the resulting requirements, the concept of circular economy and with it, circular supply chain management (CSCM) are gaining attention as they could contribute to building a sustainable and resilient system. The German wind energy industry, with its long track record, is a suitable application for further research on CSCM, as the industry operates predominantly in a linear system and relies on finite materials. Despite, research on CSCM for the wind energy industry is still rare. The aim of the paper is therefore to present conceptional ideas that enable an efficient design of a circular wind energy industry in Germany. Aspects from an organization, products and processes level of a CSCM are outlined. These ideas contribute to the state of the art and inspire future discussions between researchers and practitioners.

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gupta, Shipra; Räisänen, Ismo T.; Sorsa, Timo;
    Country: Finland

    Non peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sub Organization and Information; Organization and Information;

    With the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021 necessitating working from home, corporate Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) have become an important item securing the continued operation of companies around the globe. However, due to their different use case, corporate VPNs and how users interact with them differ from public VPNs, which are now commonly used by end-users. In this paper, we present a first explorative study of eleven experts' and seven non-experts' mental models in the context of corporate VPNs. We find a partial alignment of these models in the high-level technical understanding while diverging in important parameters of how, when, and why VPNs are being used. While, in general, experts have a deeper technical understanding of VPN technology, we also observe that even they sometimes hold false beliefs on security aspects of VPNs. In summary, we show that the mental models of corporate VPNs differ from those for related security technology, e.g., HTTPS. Our findings allow us to draft recommendations for practitioners to encourage a secure use of VPN technology (through training interventions, better communication, and system design changes in terms of device management). Furthermore, we identify avenues for future research, e.g., into experts' knowledge and balancing privacy and security between system operators and users.

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Covid 19 Host Genetics Initiative; Pathak, Gita A.; Polimanti, Renato; Karjalainen, Juha; Daly, Mark; Ganna, Andrea; Ripatti, Samuli; Neale, Benjamin M.; Pirinen, Matti; Donner, Kati; +7 more
    Country: Finland

    Peer reviewed