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13 Research products, page 1 of 2

  • COVID-19
  • Publications
  • Research data
  • 2018-2022
  • Open Access
  • FR
  • Portuguese
  • Hal-Diderot

10
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  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    João Paulo Soares De Cortes; Rui Massato Harayama; Emilie Stoll;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    A compreensão da dinâmica de transmissão da Covid-19 é fundamental para que ações sejam tomadas na contenção de outros surtos. Na região amazônica, o processo de interiorização reflete o padrão de ocupação do território. Este trabalho busca investigar o processo de interiorização da epidemia causada pelo vírus SARS-COV-2 na região amazônica tendo como unidade temporal as semanas epidemiológicas. É adotada uma abordagem multiescalar, que nos permite indicar quatro fases de interiorização, desde a chegada via aérea nas capitais da Região Norte, até os registros de casos em comunidades tradicionais na Região de Saúde do Baixo Amazonas. As fases propostas são discutidas em função da percepção de comunitários a respeito da pandemia e das ações de saúde realizadas pelo Estado. Os resultados mostram que é fundamental considerar as especificidades do ambiente amazônico na formulação de estratégias de saúde efetivas, o que não ocorreu no caso da referida pandemia. Comprendre la dynamique de transmission de la Covid-19 est fondamental pour que des actions de contention puissent être menées. Dans la région amazonienne, les modes d’occupation du territoire informent le processus d’intériorisation du virus. Cet article analyse le processus d’intériorisation de l’épidémie de SARS-COV-2 en Amazonie brésilienne, au cours des semaines épidémiologiques. Une approche interdisciplinaire et multiscalaire permet de mettre à jour quatre phases d’intériorisation, depuis l’arrivée du virus par voie aérienne dans les capitales de la région Nord, jusqu’aux premiers cas enregistrés à l’échelle micro-locale, dans les villages des communautés traditionnelles de la Région de Santé du Bas Amazone. Ces phases sont également présentées à partir du point de vue des villageois et de celui des actions de santé mises en œuvre par les autorités. Les résultats montrent qu’il aurait été fondamental de prendre en compte les spécificités de l’environnement amazonien lors de l’élaboration des politiques de santé, contrairement à ce qui a été fait lors de cette épidémie. Understanding the transmission dynamics of Covid-19 is essential for actions to be taken to contain other outbreaks. In the Amazon region, the interiorization process reflects the territorial occupation pattern. This work aims to investigate the process of interiorization of the epidemic caused by the SARS COV 2 virus in the Amazon region, using epidemiological weeks as the temporal unit. A multiscale approach is adopted, which allows us to indicate four phases of interiorization, from the arrival by air in the capitals of the northern region, to record of cases in traditional communities in the Lower Amazon Health Region. The proposed phases are discussed according to the perception of community leaders regarding the pandemic and health actions carried out by the State. The results show that it is essential to consider the specificities of the Amazon environment when formulating effective health strategies, which did not occur in the case of the referred pandemic.

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Deisy de Freitas Lima Ventura; Claudia Perrone-Moisés; Kathia Martin-Chenut;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    DOI: 10.1590/2179-8966/2021/61769 Resumo Quais seriam os criterios para afericao do carater desumano de atos praticados por governos contra a populacao civil durante uma pandemia? Para responder a esta pergunta, o presente ensaio, situado na interface entre o direito internacional penal e a saude global, resgata um passado de praticas delituosas no campo sanitario para apontar, no presente, a determinacao politica e ideologica das respostas nacionais a Covid-19. A seguir, recorre ao pensamento de Hannah Arendt e Mireille Delmas-Marty para tratar do carater evolutivo dos crimes contra a humanidade, como base para a analise de um caso paradigmatico: a resposta brasileira a pandemia de Covid-19, cujas condutas governamentais sao apresentadas a luz de elementos como contexto, actus reus e mens rea . Palavras-chave: Pandemia, Crimes contra a humanidade, Saude global Abstract What are the criteria for assessing the inhumane character of acts committed by governments against the civilian population during a pandemic? To answer this question, this essay, situated at the interface between international criminal law and global health, recalls a past of criminal practices in the health field to point out, in the present, the political and ideological determinants of national responses to Covid-19. Next, it draws on the thought of Hannah Arendt and Mireille Delmas-Marty to address the evolving nature of crimes against humanity, as a basis for the analysis of a paradigmatic case: the Brazilian response to the Covid-19 pandemic, whose governmental conducts are presented in the light of elements such as context, actus reus and mens rea . Keywords: Pandemic, Crimes against humanity, Global health.

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Americo Cunha; Diego Matos; Gabrielle da Silva Pereira; Julio Basilio; Lisandro Lovisolo; Malú Grave; Rodrigo Burgos; Adriano Cortês; Karla Figueiredo; Rachel Lucena; +17 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Americo Cunha; Diego Matos; Gabrielle da Silva Pereira; Julio Basilio; Lisandro Lovisolo; Malú Grave; Rodrigo Burgos; Adriano Cortês; Karla Figueiredo; Roberto Velho; +15 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Publication . Conference object . Article . Other literature type . Presentation . 2021
    Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Badaró Valente Neto, Francisco José; Jacob Miguel, Constantino; dos Santos de Jesus, Ana Carla; Sampaio, Paulo N.M.;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Country: France

    Presentation at Advance 2021 - 9th International Workshop on Advances in ICT Infrastructure and Services, held online due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Zaragoza, Spain. Objective of presenting our research (A literature review) on the market acceptance of SDN controllers and their characteristics. Software-Defined Networks (SDNs) have been used in the last decade as a solution to provide greater flexibility in controlling traffic being distributed over a network, promoting the reuse and optimization of network resources. SDN´s architecture decouples routing intelligence (Control Plane) from routing functions (Data Plan/Forwarding Plane), through a component called SDN controller which centralizes the Control Plane. Therefore, it is required that the controller´s performance and functions provide an optimal integration with both Forwarding Devices (Network Elements) and with the support to new applications to be proposed within the context of software-defined network paradigm. Nevertheless, the rapid development of this paradigm and the increasing availability of different controllers within the market makes it difficult to choose a suitable one. This paper compares briefly the top six SDN controllers according to the market preference, looking not only to unveil some theoretical aspects but also to have an insight about their market acceptance.

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Americo Cunha; Diego Matos; Gabrielle da Silva Pereira; Julio Basilio; Lisandro Lovisolo; Malú Grave; Rodrigo Burgos; Adriano Cortês; Karla Figueiredo; Roberto Velho; +15 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Americo Cunha; Diego Matos; Gabrielle da Silva Pereira; Julio Basilio; Lisandro Lovisolo; Malú Grave; Rodrigo Burgos; Adriano Cortês; Karla Figueiredo; Roberto Velho; +13 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Publication . Presentation . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    F. C. Batista; Americo Cunha;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Currently, the new SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus is a threat to the world population health. The apparent rapid spread of the virus has created a pandemic, and countries around the world are struggling with an increase in infected cases. In this sense, this article is part of that effort to try to better understand the initial dynamics of COVID-19 in Portugal, seeking estimate a probable date for the epidemic outbreak beginning. Using the information provided by the health authorities and using the classic logistic model, a model for the initial stages of the disease in the country is presented with the notion of its respective uncertainty. This model allows to infer an interval for the occurrence of the first case of COVID-19 in Portugal that is prior to the official notification.; Atualmente, o novo coronavírus SARS-Cov-2 é uma ameaça à saúde da população mundial. A aparente rápida disseminação do vírus criou uma pandemia, e países em todo o mundo estão a lutar com um aumento de casos infetados. Neste sentido, o presente artigo insere-se nesse esforço de tentar compreender melhor a dinâmica inicial da COVID-19 em Portugal, em particular, com vistas para estimar uma provável data de início do surto epidêmico. Utilizando a informação veiculada pelas autoridades de saúde e usando o modelo logístico clássico, é apresentada uma modelagem dos estágios iniciais da doença no país, com a noção da sua respetiva incerteza. Esse modelo permite inferir um intervalo para a ocorrência do primeiro caso de COVID-19 em Portugal que é anterior à notificação oficial.

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Americo Cunha; Julio Basilio; Leonardo de la Roca; Lisandro Lovisolo; Malú Grave; Rodrigo Burgos; Adriano Cortês; Karla Figueiredo; Roberto Velho; Bruna Pavlack; +11 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Americo Cunha; Lisandro Lovisolo; Diego Huter Sobreira Catalão; Rodrigo Burgos; Adriano Cortês; Karla Figueiredo; Malú Grave; Roberto Velho; Bruna Pavlack; Diego Matos; +12 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France