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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
202 Research products, page 1 of 21

  • COVID-19
  • Publications
  • 2012-2021
  • Part of book or chapter of book
  • FR
  • Mémoires en Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication
  • Hyper Article en Ligne
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société

10
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  • French
    Authors: 
    Sylvie Ayimpam; Michel Bisa Kibul; Jacky Bouju; André Lisongomi Batibonda;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Cette contribution a pour objet les pouvoirs publics en action dans le contexte de la pandémie de COVID-19 en Afrique. Les mesures de lutte contre la propagation de la pandémie ont provoqué un choc économique majeur partout dans le monde, avec une crise dont les effets risquent de se faire sentir encore pendant très longtemps. Il s’agit concrètement d’interroger la manière dont différents acteurs étatiques (ou non étatiques) se sont emparés des problèmes liés à la crise sanitaire et à ses conséquences économiques, les ont définis comme publics et la manière dont ils ont agi pour y répondre. En s’inscrivant dans la perspective des travaux sur l’action publique en Afrique, qui envisagent les rapports entre les différents acteurs dans la définition et la mise en place de réponses à des problèmes publics ou collectifs, l’objectif est de mettre en lumière les formes spécifiques d’actions publiques menées dans le contexte de la crise sanitaire au Congo qui, comme dans les autres contextes africains, sont généralement porteuses de dynamiques sociales et politiques originales. Les réponses formulées par les pouvoirs publics aux conséquences économiques et sociales de la crise sanitaire seront analysées, pendant la période de l’état d’urgence sanitaire décrété lors de la première vague de la pandémie de COVID-19, du mois de mars au mois de juillet 2020. Un regard particulier sera également porté sur les réponses apportées à l’économie informelle, dont les travailleurs sont généralement caractérisés par une précarité et une vulnérabilité socioéconomiques très marquées.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Mongo, Michelle;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The world economy is facing an unprecedented health crisis linked to the COVID-19 virus. Despite numerous alerts from WHO during the early stages of the epidemic, public authorities were slow to implement strict health measures and individuals to apply barrier gestures. At the same time, many IPCC reports warn of the consequences of our human activities on the planet (IPCC, https://​report.​ipcc.​ch/​sr15/​pdf/​sr15_​spm_​final.​pdf, 2018), but CO2 emissions continue to increase. For Meyer and Howard Kunreuther (The Ostrich Paradox : Why we underprepare for disaster, 2017), this rather paradoxical behavior is attributable to cognitive biases which push individuals to deny obvious risky situations. However, it should be recognized that the exceptional economic and health measures put in place by governments to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus (Herrero and Thornton, The Lancet Planetary Health, 4(5), e174, 2020) and stimulate economies as many constituents of increasing examples as they are large-scale action is possible, in particular, to fight against global warming. Containment and its consequences on consumption and production patterns have shown us that more sustainable economic development is possible. Although the latter is not based on profound structural changes in world economies (Le Quéré et al., Nature Climate Change, 10(7), 647–653, 2020), it has the merit of asking us about the conditions necessary for more sustainable development.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Ben Youssef, Adel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Zeppini, Paolo; Montagnana, Simona;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; We propose a model of dynamic discrete choice between sustainable and unsustainable technologies, and we study the combined impact of Covid-19 and environmental policies such as subsidies and taxes with rebates. The model shows that environmental policies tailored on Covid-19 impact can induce sustainability transitions. However, different scenarios are possible. Covid-19 can have a destabilising effect on repeated choices, as a result of minority game mechanisms induced either by carbon taxes with rebates or by the behavioural effect of diminished attention for the environment. While taxes can be designed to avoid this, the diminished attention for the environment can undermine any gain in terms of reduced pollution due to Covid-19. However, scenarios with multiple equilibria are also present, where the challenge is represented by a behavioural tipping point to un-clock societies from an undesirable equilibrium. If environmental policies are correctly designed, the economic impact of Covid-19 can trigger a transition to sustainable societies where green adoptions are self-reinforcing.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marco Nunes; António Abreu; Jelena Bagnjuk;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The pandemics situationhas brought unforeseen challenges to all organizations at a global scale. While some strongly profit from it, others thrive to survive or already died. In suchtimesthe bulk of leadership and management related skills,gains a disproportional importance especially for organizations where most of their workforce stronglydepends on remote collaboration.Being aware of the difficultiesto manage collaboration within and between teams in “normal times”,the “still”ongoing situation hasonlybroughtmore complexityto organizationsin that aspect. In this work is proposed a model to manage organizational remote collaborative networks in order to identify collaboration extremes(lack of collaboration, or collaborative overload) which emerges as people work together in projects or operations,developed based in three pillars (collaborative networks, social network analysis, and business intelligence). A real case study is presented toillustrate the functioning principles of the model.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Esqueda Merino, Donovan; Mondragón, Diego; Calvillo Corona, Luis Antonio; Aldana-Pérez, César A.; Chong-Quero, Jesús E.;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Since COVID-19, many educational institutions have focused their attention towards remote digital synchronous learning. While this new kind of learning brings some advantages, it also brings new challenges like keeping the students focused and engaged in the courses being given. Through this paper we introduce a learning strategy based on some of the principles of speed-dating, a tool that has been explored in the entrepreneurship world for networking, in order to maintain the students’ focus in the class activities and topics. The proposal was tested in a Process Automation course for Chemical and Biotechnology Engineers, which is usually not one of their preferred ones due to its complexity in relation to other courses. A framework for incorporating the activities in other courses is presented, along with preliminary quantitative and qualitative results to evaluate its efficacy.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Magdalena Paul; Simon Thevenin; Julia Schulz; Nadjib Brahimi; Hichem Haddou Benderbal; Alexandre Dolgui;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The coronavirus crisis had a critical impact on supply chains and production worldwide. In particular, closed borders often prevented companies from obtaining the components required for their production. Such disruptions are the results of globalization, with suppliers spreading all over the world. The circular economy is an opportunity to overcome this challenge since components from end-of-life items may substitute supplies from afar. However, many barriers exist in the implementation of circular processes, as manufacturers perceive it as a radical change to their procedures. Therefore, we propose not to use completely new lines for the circular economy, but to use already existing systems. This paper presents the definition of circular integrated production systems (CIPS) and suggests a research roadmap for such to investigate what challenges and potentials arise, and what future research will be needed.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Osório, A.L.; Camarinha-Matos, L.M.; Belloum, A.; Afsarmanesh, H.; Camarinha-Matos, L.M.; Boucher, X.; Afsarmanesh, H.;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Netherlands

    International audience; In modern society, citizens aspire to get trusted and reliable digital services toauthenticate theirsto payments. With the COVID-19 crisis, online shopping's fast growthhas led citizens to increase registration in different systems.The registrationis typically done without any guaranteethat the involved businessentityis trustedand that private data is managed adequately, namelyaccording to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). There are cases where online business adopts a federated authentication mechanism based on the existing and extensively adopted service providers, e.g., Facebook, and Google. With the European authorities' complacency, this de facto trendseems to contribute to a dangerous unregulated digital services model. While avoiding the centralization risks, a possible alternativeis to pursue the concept of regulated and competing digital online shops or services offered under a single collaborative model across Europe. Citizens aspire to getsimple mechanisms based on a single provider for authentication and pay anywhere, even with some associated costs. In this direction, wepropose a model thatconsiders regulated providers managing citizens' access to any online business in Europe, avoiding, in this way, the spreading of personal data across (business) organizations, thus decreasing the risk of personal data leaks. A collaborative network is foreseen to logically tie committedregulating authorities, providers, and digital online service providers. The proposedapproach is ground on our previous research on systems integration, collaborative networkinfrastructure, and unified mobility payment services. This position paper offers a digital strategy for citizens, designated by Digital Person Ecosystem (DPE), which relies on Collaborative Networks concepts and centered on public authority leadership.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Blume, S.S.; Baylac-Paouly, B.; Blume, S.; Baylac-Paouly, B.;
    Publisher: Routledge
    Countries: France, Netherlands, France

    At the end of 2020 the first vaccines against Covid-19 were approved, with many more in the development pipeline. Vaccine development seemed to reflect political rivalries reminiscent of the Cold War. World War I had stimulated intensive efforts to develop vaccines against typhus and typhoid which would save the lives of soldiers fighting in insanitary trenches. New scientific possibilities and active promotion of vaccination by the Federal government drew American pharmaceutical companies back into vaccine production. Historians have suggested that the concept of global health was crafted partly in response to struggles for authority among international organizations. The transformation in the vaccine system that began in the 1980s was a consequence of two distinguishable, though interrelated, processes. The chapter also presents an overview on the key concepts discussed in this book.

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Giraud, Olivier; Tietze, Nikola; Noûs, Camille;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
202 Research products, page 1 of 21
  • French
    Authors: 
    Sylvie Ayimpam; Michel Bisa Kibul; Jacky Bouju; André Lisongomi Batibonda;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Cette contribution a pour objet les pouvoirs publics en action dans le contexte de la pandémie de COVID-19 en Afrique. Les mesures de lutte contre la propagation de la pandémie ont provoqué un choc économique majeur partout dans le monde, avec une crise dont les effets risquent de se faire sentir encore pendant très longtemps. Il s’agit concrètement d’interroger la manière dont différents acteurs étatiques (ou non étatiques) se sont emparés des problèmes liés à la crise sanitaire et à ses conséquences économiques, les ont définis comme publics et la manière dont ils ont agi pour y répondre. En s’inscrivant dans la perspective des travaux sur l’action publique en Afrique, qui envisagent les rapports entre les différents acteurs dans la définition et la mise en place de réponses à des problèmes publics ou collectifs, l’objectif est de mettre en lumière les formes spécifiques d’actions publiques menées dans le contexte de la crise sanitaire au Congo qui, comme dans les autres contextes africains, sont généralement porteuses de dynamiques sociales et politiques originales. Les réponses formulées par les pouvoirs publics aux conséquences économiques et sociales de la crise sanitaire seront analysées, pendant la période de l’état d’urgence sanitaire décrété lors de la première vague de la pandémie de COVID-19, du mois de mars au mois de juillet 2020. Un regard particulier sera également porté sur les réponses apportées à l’économie informelle, dont les travailleurs sont généralement caractérisés par une précarité et une vulnérabilité socioéconomiques très marquées.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Mongo, Michelle;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The world economy is facing an unprecedented health crisis linked to the COVID-19 virus. Despite numerous alerts from WHO during the early stages of the epidemic, public authorities were slow to implement strict health measures and individuals to apply barrier gestures. At the same time, many IPCC reports warn of the consequences of our human activities on the planet (IPCC, https://​report.​ipcc.​ch/​sr15/​pdf/​sr15_​spm_​final.​pdf, 2018), but CO2 emissions continue to increase. For Meyer and Howard Kunreuther (The Ostrich Paradox : Why we underprepare for disaster, 2017), this rather paradoxical behavior is attributable to cognitive biases which push individuals to deny obvious risky situations. However, it should be recognized that the exceptional economic and health measures put in place by governments to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus (Herrero and Thornton, The Lancet Planetary Health, 4(5), e174, 2020) and stimulate economies as many constituents of increasing examples as they are large-scale action is possible, in particular, to fight against global warming. Containment and its consequences on consumption and production patterns have shown us that more sustainable economic development is possible. Although the latter is not based on profound structural changes in world economies (Le Quéré et al., Nature Climate Change, 10(7), 647–653, 2020), it has the merit of asking us about the conditions necessary for more sustainable development.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Ben Youssef, Adel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Zeppini, Paolo; Montagnana, Simona;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; We propose a model of dynamic discrete choice between sustainable and unsustainable technologies, and we study the combined impact of Covid-19 and environmental policies such as subsidies and taxes with rebates. The model shows that environmental policies tailored on Covid-19 impact can induce sustainability transitions. However, different scenarios are possible. Covid-19 can have a destabilising effect on repeated choices, as a result of minority game mechanisms induced either by carbon taxes with rebates or by the behavioural effect of diminished attention for the environment. While taxes can be designed to avoid this, the diminished attention for the environment can undermine any gain in terms of reduced pollution due to Covid-19. However, scenarios with multiple equilibria are also present, where the challenge is represented by a behavioural tipping point to un-clock societies from an undesirable equilibrium. If environmental policies are correctly designed, the economic impact of Covid-19 can trigger a transition to sustainable societies where green adoptions are self-reinforcing.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marco Nunes; António Abreu; Jelena Bagnjuk;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The pandemics situationhas brought unforeseen challenges to all organizations at a global scale. While some strongly profit from it, others thrive to survive or already died. In suchtimesthe bulk of leadership and management related skills,gains a disproportional importance especially for organizations where most of their workforce stronglydepends on remote collaboration.Being aware of the difficultiesto manage collaboration within and between teams in “normal times”,the “still”ongoing situation hasonlybroughtmore complexityto organizationsin that aspect. In this work is proposed a model to manage organizational remote collaborative networks in order to identify collaboration extremes(lack of collaboration, or collaborative overload) which emerges as people work together in projects or operations,developed based in three pillars (collaborative networks, social network analysis, and business intelligence). A real case study is presented toillustrate the functioning principles of the model.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Esqueda Merino, Donovan; Mondragón, Diego; Calvillo Corona, Luis Antonio; Aldana-Pérez, César A.; Chong-Quero, Jesús E.;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Since COVID-19, many educational institutions have focused their attention towards remote digital synchronous learning. While this new kind of learning brings some advantages, it also brings new challenges like keeping the students focused and engaged in the courses being given. Through this paper we introduce a learning strategy based on some of the principles of speed-dating, a tool that has been explored in the entrepreneurship world for networking, in order to maintain the students’ focus in the class activities and topics. The proposal was tested in a Process Automation course for Chemical and Biotechnology Engineers, which is usually not one of their preferred ones due to its complexity in relation to other courses. A framework for incorporating the activities in other courses is presented, along with preliminary quantitative and qualitative results to evaluate its efficacy.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Magdalena Paul; Simon Thevenin; Julia Schulz; Nadjib Brahimi; Hichem Haddou Benderbal; Alexandre Dolgui;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The coronavirus crisis had a critical impact on supply chains and production worldwide. In particular, closed borders often prevented companies from obtaining the components required for their production. Such disruptions are the results of globalization, with suppliers spreading all over the world. The circular economy is an opportunity to overcome this challenge since components from end-of-life items may substitute supplies from afar. However, many barriers exist in the implementation of circular processes, as manufacturers perceive it as a radical change to their procedures. Therefore, we propose not to use completely new lines for the circular economy, but to use already existing systems. This paper presents the definition of circular integrated production systems (CIPS) and suggests a research roadmap for such to investigate what challenges and potentials arise, and what future research will be needed.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Osório, A.L.; Camarinha-Matos, L.M.; Belloum, A.; Afsarmanesh, H.; Camarinha-Matos, L.M.; Boucher, X.; Afsarmanesh, H.;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Netherlands

    International audience; In modern society, citizens aspire to get trusted and reliable digital services toauthenticate theirsto payments. With the COVID-19 crisis, online shopping's fast growthhas led citizens to increase registration in different systems.The registrationis typically done without any guaranteethat the involved businessentityis trustedand that private data is managed adequately, namelyaccording to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). There are cases where online business adopts a federated authentication mechanism based on the existing and extensively adopted service providers, e.g., Facebook, and Google. With the European authorities' complacency, this de facto trendseems to contribute to a dangerous unregulated digital services model. While avoiding the centralization risks, a possible alternativeis to pursue the concept of regulated and competing digital online shops or services offered under a single collaborative model across Europe. Citizens aspire to getsimple mechanisms based on a single provider for authentication and pay anywhere, even with some associated costs. In this direction, wepropose a model thatconsiders regulated providers managing citizens' access to any online business in Europe, avoiding, in this way, the spreading of personal data across (business) organizations, thus decreasing the risk of personal data leaks. A collaborative network is foreseen to logically tie committedregulating authorities, providers, and digital online service providers. The proposedapproach is ground on our previous research on systems integration, collaborative networkinfrastructure, and unified mobility payment services. This position paper offers a digital strategy for citizens, designated by Digital Person Ecosystem (DPE), which relies on Collaborative Networks concepts and centered on public authority leadership.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Blume, S.S.; Baylac-Paouly, B.; Blume, S.; Baylac-Paouly, B.;
    Publisher: Routledge
    Countries: France, Netherlands, France

    At the end of 2020 the first vaccines against Covid-19 were approved, with many more in the development pipeline. Vaccine development seemed to reflect political rivalries reminiscent of the Cold War. World War I had stimulated intensive efforts to develop vaccines against typhus and typhoid which would save the lives of soldiers fighting in insanitary trenches. New scientific possibilities and active promotion of vaccination by the Federal government drew American pharmaceutical companies back into vaccine production. Historians have suggested that the concept of global health was crafted partly in response to struggles for authority among international organizations. The transformation in the vaccine system that began in the 1980s was a consequence of two distinguishable, though interrelated, processes. The chapter also presents an overview on the key concepts discussed in this book.

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Giraud, Olivier; Tietze, Nikola; Noûs, Camille;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience