Contributors; Sinjae Yoo, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Paul Myers, Charlotte Laufkoetter, PatriciaMiloslavich (SCOR), Clement Brousse, Radhey Shyam Goyal, Debdas Ray, Alexander Fekete, Li Li, AnjaScheffers, Timothy Adivilah Balag'kutu, Zhangcai Qin, Montserrat Koloffon Rosas (Future Earth),IMBeR Scientific Steering Committee, Avit Bhowmik (Karlstad University), Bob Webb (AustralianNational University), Magdalena Stoeva (International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences inMedicine (IUPESM), Marcelo Knobel, Roberto Lent (Brazilian Academy of Sciences), Paul ArthurBerkman (UNITAR), Paulo S. R. Diniz, Roberto Schaeffer (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), WFEO:Elizabeth G. King, Amy L. Brooks, Jose Vieira, Gong Ke, Marlene Kanga, William Kelly, K. N. Gunalan.; Position paper of the Scientific and technological community major group position paper for the 2022 high-level political forum Building back better from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; The Scientific and Technological Community Major Group, jointly facilitated by the International Science Council and the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), submitted a position paper for the upcoming 2022 High-Level Political Forum (HLPF), which will be held on 5-15 July. The theme of the HLPF this year is “Building back better from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
The present document defines properties and usage of IoT and M2M technology in Contact Tracing.It introduces the method of Asynchronous Contact Tracing (ACT). ACT registers the presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus on IoT connected objects (waste water, or air conditioning filters, or dirty objects, or dirty cleaning tools, etc.) or connected locations (such as a shops, restaurants, corridors in a supermarket, sanitary facilities in a shopping mall, railway stations, airports terminals and gates, etc.) using Group Test (sometime called in the literature Pooling Test).ACT identifies contacts with IoT connected objects that have been contaminated by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and works in synergy with solutions designed for manual and digital contact tracing to identify and alert people who may have been infected by the virus. In case the object is suspected to host or have hosted the SARS-CoV-2 virus, ACT allows users that have been in contact with the object or visited the connected location to be informed.This shifts the paradigm from synchronously tracing the contacts of the people infected by COVID-19 to asynchronously tracing of contacts of materials (such as infected surfaces, waste-water, air-conditioning filters, etc.) that are hosting the SARS-CoV-2 virus.This enables people who have come into contact asynchronously with those particular materials to be alerted of a potential COVID-19 contagion, and, at the same time, it signals that one or more persons have been in contact with the material which is now spreading the SARS-CoV-2 virus.; Asynchronous Contact Tracing (ACT) traces the IoT connected object that may have been infected by the Covid-19 virus (or future pandemic viruses). This shifts the paradigm, from searching for a person in the process of infecting another to the tracing of both potential contamination and infections, and leveraging on the combination of the two information.The scope of this WI is to standardize the full support of Asynchronous Contact Tracing (ACT) by means of1) providing some examples of use and deployment of ACT by means of a few explanatory use cases.2) specifying the ACT method and its interaction with deployed contact tracing applications for human and systems. This includes the interaction with the different technologies used by non ACT contact tracing solutions.3) specifying the ACT system including application protocols and API.The new ACT method will require the use of existing ready-to-market IoT-based technology and well-established wireless network techniques, in particular the ones specified in the ETSI standards ecosystem. Moreover, it will preserve the user's privacy in accordance with GDPR and/or other regional requirements not requiring the transmission of any personal information by the user.
Contribution à un site web; During the successive lockdowns caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, 80% of students around the world had to continue their courses online. However, videoconferencing while managing a continuous flow of emails can be exhausting and remote working can be difficult to cope with. A group of researchers, mainly from the Innovation, Technology, Economics & Management Laboratory (LITEM – Univ. Paris-Saclay, Univ. d’Évry, IMT-BS), followed a group of students at Université Paris-Saclay during the first lockdown in Spring 2020. Although some students managed to make the change well, many talked of ‘zoom burnout’ and of no longer being able to face being in front of their screens all day. In fact, whether an individual makes a successful transition to remote learning depends on an element which is often ignored - namely the ability to keep an open mind. [...]
The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”; The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”