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742 Research products, page 1 of 75

  • COVID-19
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  • English
    Authors: 
    Legge, Stefan;
    Country: Switzerland

    The Swiss Trade Monitor documents time trends in Switzerland's foreign goods trade. The first edition considers data from January 2019 until November 2022, a time span that covers both the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020 and the Russo-Ukrainian War which started in February 2022. Both events led to noticeable declines in trade volumes which were, however, of temporary nature. Swiss foreign trade recovered quickly from the pandemic-induced decrease. And in contrast to the European Union or the United States, Swiss exports to Russia do not show a lasting decline throughout 2022. Large volumes of pharmaceutical exports imply that Swiss-Russian trade in 2022 is at a level similar to the previous years.

  • Publication . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marjolein C. J. Caniëls; Irina Nikolova; Isabella Hatak; Petra C. de Weerd‐Nederhof;
    Countries: Netherlands, Switzerland

    The COVID-19 pandemic has affected nearly every aspect of our lives and has caused a considerable rise in psychological complaints such as anxieties and depression. The majority of studies so far has focused on outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic. To augment current knowledge, we focus on the antecedents of COVID-19 rumination. Specially, we examine how negative and positive work events prior to the outbreak influence individuals' coping capacity with regard to COVID-19 (i.e., the extent to which individuals have recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19). Drawing on Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), we maintain that positive and negative work events prior to the pandemic can affect one's self-efficacy experiences and in turn can impact recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19. Alongside exploring the proposed theoretical mediation model, we test one of the key assumptions of the COR theory: the notion of primacy of negative over positive affect that results from negative (vs. positive) work events. Three-waved data was collected among Dutch employees (T1 = 302; T2 = 199; T3 = 171); two prior to the pandemic and one at the onset of the outbreak. Results showed that positive work events increased self-efficacy, which in turn reduced COVID-19 rumination. Contrary to the expectation of primacy of the effects of negative work events, we found no significant impact of negative work events on individuals' COVID-19 rumination.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Fahse, Tobias;
    Country: Switzerland

    disparity increases further thanks to cutting-edge machine learning (ML) algo-rithms. As business decisions based on sales forecasting are regarded as particu-larly important and a variety of other activities rely on them, accurate sales forecasting is critical to companies’ profitability. At the same time, being able to predict the next day’s sales more accurately can significantly reduce food waste and help fulfilling sustainability. Thus, sales forecasting is one of the pri-mary value propositions of artificial intelligence (AI). However, it is crucial for the acceptance and adoption of ML-based sales forecasting algorithms to per-form reliably during pandemics such as the covid-19 pandemic. Although gov-ernments’ containment measures highly impact the sales of a bakery’s products, no study has yet scrutinized incorporating the stringency of containment measures as an input variable for sales forecasting. Hence, this paper examines the performance of a ML sales forecasting system for baked goods in times of covid-19 and proposes incorporating a covid containment measurement strin-gency index as an additional input variable to increase forecast accuracy in times of pandemics. This way, prediction accuracy increases by 4.61% on aver-age. Consequently, a containment measures stringency variable should be used to increase accuracy in future pandemics. By simulating an upcoming pan-demic, it is further demonstrated how learnings from the covid-19 pandemic could be meaningfully transferred. For this study, real data is used: A Swiss bakery chain provides real sales data covering 5 years including 2 years of the covid-19 pandemic.

  • Publication . Conference object . Presentation . 2022
    English
    Authors: 
    Eleonora Mencarini; Amon Rapp; Ashley Colley; Florian Daiber; Michael D. Jones; Felix Kosmalla; Stephan Lukosch; Jasmin Niess; Evangelos Niforatos; Paweł W. Woźniak; +1 more
    Publisher: ACM
    Country: Switzerland

    Over the last 15 years, we have witnessed a digitalization of the sports experience, i.e., many sports have been enhanced by digital and wearable devices. The centrality of the human body and the different contexts where sports can be practiced have led HCI re- search to explore how mobile and wearable devices could support the physical, social, and environmental aspects of sports disciplines. Yet, the field of HCI & sports continues to evolve under the push of new technological developments and events affecting people world- wide, such as the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change. Techno- logical advancements like the metaverse, inbodied technologies, and AI have paved the way for augmented humans, esports, new forms of sociality, and new ways to engage the audience. Likewise, contextual factors push sports trends in two opposite directions simultaneously: on the one hand, they foster the indoorisation and individualization of sports; on the other hand, they encourage prac- ticing sports outdoors and taking advantage of the “restorative environment” of nature. With this workshop, we would like to invite the MobileHCI community to discuss the current trends in portable technologies for sports and trace future directions for HCI research in this field.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Biener, Christian;
    Country: Switzerland

    Die COVID-19-Pandemie stellt ein Ereignis mit signifikantem Einfluss auf die Gesundheitskosten in der Schweizerischen obligatorischen Krankenpflegeversicherung (OKP) dar. Diese Studie nutzt die COVID-19-Pandemie und die hier aufgetretene zufällige zeitliche Variation im regulatorisch beschränkten Zugang zu Gesundheitsdienstleistungen, um (1) den Effekt der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die OKP-Gesundheitskosten im Sinne eines Kausaleffektes zu berechnen und (2) etwas über das relative Verhältnis der Grösse von angebotsseitigen und nachfrageseitigen Effekten bei einzelnen Leistungserbringern zu lernen. Als Mass für den Effekt der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die OKP Gesundheitskosten wird die sogenannte „Excess Health Care Utilization“ – die Differenz zwischen den erwartbaren und realisierten Kosten – für die von der Pandemie betroffenen Monate März bis Dezember des Jahres 2020 herangezogen. Zusätzlich bilden die relativen Unterschiede in der „Excess Health Care Utilization“ zwischen OKP Leistungserbringern und eine weitere Differenzierung in angebotsseitige (i.e., Einschränkungen nach COVID-19-Verordnung) und nachfrageseitige Effekte detailliertere Einblicke in die Treiber der beobachteten Gesamt-Effekte. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die COVID-19-Pandemie zu einer substanziellen Reduktion der Gesundheitskosten i.H.v. 3.19% der zu erwartenden Kosten geführt hat. Dies entspricht einem nominellen Rückgang i.H.v. 868 Millionen CHF für die in dieser Studie einbezogenen Leistungserbringer über den Zeitraum März bis Dezember 2020. Zudem wurde beobachtet, dass sich die Effekte der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die Gesundheitskosten bei den verschiedenen Leistungserbringern stark unterscheiden. Die stärksten Kostenreduktionen sind hier im Bereich der Radiologie (-12.6%), Psychiatrische Kliniken (-11.7%), Kinder- und Jugendmedizin (- 10.5%), Angiologie (-9.5%) und Physiotherapeut:innen (-9.0%) zu beobachten. Die Separierung in Angebots- und Nachfrageeffekte zeigt, dass Kostenreduktionen bei folgenden Leistungserbringern fast ausschliesslich durch angebotsseitige Beschränkungen erklärbar sind: Rehabilitationskliniken, Zentrumsversorgung, Rheumatologie, plastische Chirurgie, Pneumologie und Pflegeheime. Diese Gruppe von Leistungserbringern zeichnet sich folglich durch einen hohen Anteil an “nicht dringend angezeigten medizinischen Eingrien und Therapien” aus, welche zudem nicht bis zum Jahresende (innert ca. acht Monate) nachgeholt wurden. Einen substanziellen Anteil nachfrageseitig getriebener Kostenreduktionen weisen die Leistungserbringer Chiropraktoren, psychiatrische Kliniken, Physiotherapeut:innen und Ergotherapeut:innen auf. Diese nachfrageseitigen Effekte sind ggf. ein Indikator dafür, wie die Versicherten den Wert von bestimmten Gesundheitsdienstleistungen wahrnehmen. Hohe nachfrageseitige Effekte sind hier ggf. mit einem geringeren Wert für die Versicherten in Zusammenhang zu bringen. Die Ergebnisse erlauben so eine fokussiertere Herangehensweise bei einer Detailanalyse; jedoch lassen sie keine Aussage darüber zu, welche Leistungen medizinisch “nötig” und welche “unnötig” sind.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Hanna, Joëlle; Scheibenreif, Linus Mathias; Mommert, Michael; Borth, Damian;
    Publisher: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society
    Country: Switzerland

    Satellites allow spatially precise monitoring of the Earth, but provide only limited information on events of societal impact. Subjective societal impact, however, may be quantified at a high frequency by monitoring social media data. In this work, we propose a multi-modal data fusion framework to accurately identify periods of COVID-19-related lockdown in the United Kingdom using satellite observations (NO2 measurements from Sentinel-5P) and social media (textual content of tweets from Twitter) data. We show that the data fusion of the two modalities improves the event detection accuracy on a national level and for large cities such as London.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Boppart, Timo; Harmenberg, Karl; Krusell, Per; Olsson, Jonna;
    Publisher: Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Countries: Switzerland, United Kingdom
    Project: EC | 3D-In-Macro (851891)

    Using an integrated epi-econ model, we compute the value of vaccines for Covid-19, both under a planner's solution and in competitive equilibrium. The specific model, developed in Boppart, Harmenberg, Hassler, Krusell, and Olsson (2020), factors in not just value-of-life aspects along with standard economic variables but also the value of leisure activities that rely on a social component. We find that the societal value of vaccination is large; we estimate that, translated into monetary terms, the value of vaccinating one young individual in the competitive equilibrium is $17,800. Externalities are large: less than half the societal value is internalized by individuals (assuming that they act purely in their self-interest). Finally, behavioral responses are important, with a substantial share of the value of vaccines being attributed to people enjoying more socially-oriented leisure when more people are vaccinated.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Häberle, Ludwig; Stölzle, Wolfgang; Sievers, Tim Felix;
    Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
    Country: Switzerland

    The study "Business Aviation Study Switzerland 2022" examines the impact, benefits and trends of Business Aviation with a specific emphasis on the Swiss market. Outlining the economic impact by focusing on the national and regional Swiss Business Aviation airports and their related stakeholder benefits, the study highlights Business Aviation as an integral part and backbone of the highly efficient Swiss aviation system. In 2021, Switzerland recorded close to 100,000 Business Aviation aircraft movements – exceeding the level of 2019. In light of the COVID-19 related crisis of scheduled airline traffic, Business Aviation has proven resilient temporarily increasing its share in total aircraft movements to 27 %. Thus, Business Aviation remains a reliable and irreplaceable partner securing Switzerland’s connectivity, particularly in times of crisis. Looking to the future, Business Aviation opens up the opportunity to act as an innovation driver and technological pioneer paving the way for sustainable aviation in the long term.

  • Publication . Book . 2022
    English
    Authors: 
    Casas Klett, Tomas; Cozzi, Guido;
    Publisher: Seismo Press AG
    Country: Switzerland

    The Elite Quality Index 2022 (EQx2022) In the third annual edition of this global political economy index from the University of St.Gallen, data shows where elites deliver or extract value from their individual nations The third EQx2022 annual report scores and ranks 151 countries using 120 component indicators. The Index evaluates whether national elites contribute or take away to the economic advancement of their societies and measures and compares value creation. It focuses primarily on business models that generate the highest incomes in individual national economies. By and large, elites and their businesses are essential for value creation and economic growth. The flip side to value creation is value extraction, which is when elites take value away from the general population to feed their businesses. Such models are based on trade barriers, wars, monopolies, discrimination of any kind. The research, led by the University of St.Gallen (HSG) along with international academic partners and the St.Gallen-based Foundation for Value Creation, provides unique insight into value creation by elites across in 151 nations globally. The Index is based on a framework consisting of four conceptual areas:Economic Power, Economic Value, Political Power and Political Value. Elites are categorized as very high quality elites (rank 1 to 10), high quality elites (rank 11 to 25), quality elites (rank 26 to 75), middle quality elites (rank 76 to 125) and lagging elites (rank below 125). Some of the main findings: The top two places in the EQx2022 have not changed from 2021 and were again taken by Singapore (#1) and Switzerland (#2). Both countries are leaders in the Value Sub-Index, their respective weaknesses being Political Power for Singapore (#20) and Economic Power for Switzerland (#15). Overall, it appears that smaller countries have shown greater resilience during the last year of the COVID-19 pandemic taking 9 of the top 10 positions. Australia (#3) and Israel (#4) have made impressive advances of 6 and 3 places respectively. Conversely, the UK (#8) and the US (#15) have fallen by 5 and 10 places respectively, their fundamental problem being that elites do not create enough Political Value (rank #17 and a dismal #66 respectively).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Silvia Stroe; Charlotta Sirén; Vinit Parida; Joakim Wincent;
    Countries: Italy, Switzerland

    How should new venture ideas be framed in order to acquire human resources and gain support in times of crisis characterized by struggling or failing institutions and governmental organizations? To answer this question, we analyze 316 new venture ideas aimed at alleviating the COVID-19 crisis in 11 countries. We investigate different linguistic framing configurations and test their persuasive power for human resource acquisition. Our fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) and linguistic analysis reveal that a “common enemy framing” is crucial for obtaining resources in crisis contexts. Non-profit venture ideas, specifically, may acquire resources via two additional paths: adding positive emotional content or using an entrepreneurial hustle framing with concrete calls to action. Our findings provide novel insights into entrepreneurial resource acquisition and idea framing during crises.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
742 Research products, page 1 of 75
  • English
    Authors: 
    Legge, Stefan;
    Country: Switzerland

    The Swiss Trade Monitor documents time trends in Switzerland's foreign goods trade. The first edition considers data from January 2019 until November 2022, a time span that covers both the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020 and the Russo-Ukrainian War which started in February 2022. Both events led to noticeable declines in trade volumes which were, however, of temporary nature. Swiss foreign trade recovered quickly from the pandemic-induced decrease. And in contrast to the European Union or the United States, Swiss exports to Russia do not show a lasting decline throughout 2022. Large volumes of pharmaceutical exports imply that Swiss-Russian trade in 2022 is at a level similar to the previous years.

  • Publication . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marjolein C. J. Caniëls; Irina Nikolova; Isabella Hatak; Petra C. de Weerd‐Nederhof;
    Countries: Netherlands, Switzerland

    The COVID-19 pandemic has affected nearly every aspect of our lives and has caused a considerable rise in psychological complaints such as anxieties and depression. The majority of studies so far has focused on outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic. To augment current knowledge, we focus on the antecedents of COVID-19 rumination. Specially, we examine how negative and positive work events prior to the outbreak influence individuals' coping capacity with regard to COVID-19 (i.e., the extent to which individuals have recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19). Drawing on Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), we maintain that positive and negative work events prior to the pandemic can affect one's self-efficacy experiences and in turn can impact recurrent negative thoughts about COVID-19. Alongside exploring the proposed theoretical mediation model, we test one of the key assumptions of the COR theory: the notion of primacy of negative over positive affect that results from negative (vs. positive) work events. Three-waved data was collected among Dutch employees (T1 = 302; T2 = 199; T3 = 171); two prior to the pandemic and one at the onset of the outbreak. Results showed that positive work events increased self-efficacy, which in turn reduced COVID-19 rumination. Contrary to the expectation of primacy of the effects of negative work events, we found no significant impact of negative work events on individuals' COVID-19 rumination.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Fahse, Tobias;
    Country: Switzerland

    disparity increases further thanks to cutting-edge machine learning (ML) algo-rithms. As business decisions based on sales forecasting are regarded as particu-larly important and a variety of other activities rely on them, accurate sales forecasting is critical to companies’ profitability. At the same time, being able to predict the next day’s sales more accurately can significantly reduce food waste and help fulfilling sustainability. Thus, sales forecasting is one of the pri-mary value propositions of artificial intelligence (AI). However, it is crucial for the acceptance and adoption of ML-based sales forecasting algorithms to per-form reliably during pandemics such as the covid-19 pandemic. Although gov-ernments’ containment measures highly impact the sales of a bakery’s products, no study has yet scrutinized incorporating the stringency of containment measures as an input variable for sales forecasting. Hence, this paper examines the performance of a ML sales forecasting system for baked goods in times of covid-19 and proposes incorporating a covid containment measurement strin-gency index as an additional input variable to increase forecast accuracy in times of pandemics. This way, prediction accuracy increases by 4.61% on aver-age. Consequently, a containment measures stringency variable should be used to increase accuracy in future pandemics. By simulating an upcoming pan-demic, it is further demonstrated how learnings from the covid-19 pandemic could be meaningfully transferred. For this study, real data is used: A Swiss bakery chain provides real sales data covering 5 years including 2 years of the covid-19 pandemic.

  • Publication . Conference object . Presentation . 2022
    English
    Authors: 
    Eleonora Mencarini; Amon Rapp; Ashley Colley; Florian Daiber; Michael D. Jones; Felix Kosmalla; Stephan Lukosch; Jasmin Niess; Evangelos Niforatos; Paweł W. Woźniak; +1 more
    Publisher: ACM
    Country: Switzerland

    Over the last 15 years, we have witnessed a digitalization of the sports experience, i.e., many sports have been enhanced by digital and wearable devices. The centrality of the human body and the different contexts where sports can be practiced have led HCI re- search to explore how mobile and wearable devices could support the physical, social, and environmental aspects of sports disciplines. Yet, the field of HCI & sports continues to evolve under the push of new technological developments and events affecting people world- wide, such as the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change. Techno- logical advancements like the metaverse, inbodied technologies, and AI have paved the way for augmented humans, esports, new forms of sociality, and new ways to engage the audience. Likewise, contextual factors push sports trends in two opposite directions simultaneously: on the one hand, they foster the indoorisation and individualization of sports; on the other hand, they encourage prac- ticing sports outdoors and taking advantage of the “restorative environment” of nature. With this workshop, we would like to invite the MobileHCI community to discuss the current trends in portable technologies for sports and trace future directions for HCI research in this field.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Biener, Christian;
    Country: Switzerland

    Die COVID-19-Pandemie stellt ein Ereignis mit signifikantem Einfluss auf die Gesundheitskosten in der Schweizerischen obligatorischen Krankenpflegeversicherung (OKP) dar. Diese Studie nutzt die COVID-19-Pandemie und die hier aufgetretene zufällige zeitliche Variation im regulatorisch beschränkten Zugang zu Gesundheitsdienstleistungen, um (1) den Effekt der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die OKP-Gesundheitskosten im Sinne eines Kausaleffektes zu berechnen und (2) etwas über das relative Verhältnis der Grösse von angebotsseitigen und nachfrageseitigen Effekten bei einzelnen Leistungserbringern zu lernen. Als Mass für den Effekt der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die OKP Gesundheitskosten wird die sogenannte „Excess Health Care Utilization“ – die Differenz zwischen den erwartbaren und realisierten Kosten – für die von der Pandemie betroffenen Monate März bis Dezember des Jahres 2020 herangezogen. Zusätzlich bilden die relativen Unterschiede in der „Excess Health Care Utilization“ zwischen OKP Leistungserbringern und eine weitere Differenzierung in angebotsseitige (i.e., Einschränkungen nach COVID-19-Verordnung) und nachfrageseitige Effekte detailliertere Einblicke in die Treiber der beobachteten Gesamt-Effekte. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die COVID-19-Pandemie zu einer substanziellen Reduktion der Gesundheitskosten i.H.v. 3.19% der zu erwartenden Kosten geführt hat. Dies entspricht einem nominellen Rückgang i.H.v. 868 Millionen CHF für die in dieser Studie einbezogenen Leistungserbringer über den Zeitraum März bis Dezember 2020. Zudem wurde beobachtet, dass sich die Effekte der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die Gesundheitskosten bei den verschiedenen Leistungserbringern stark unterscheiden. Die stärksten Kostenreduktionen sind hier im Bereich der Radiologie (-12.6%), Psychiatrische Kliniken (-11.7%), Kinder- und Jugendmedizin (- 10.5%), Angiologie (-9.5%) und Physiotherapeut:innen (-9.0%) zu beobachten. Die Separierung in Angebots- und Nachfrageeffekte zeigt, dass Kostenreduktionen bei folgenden Leistungserbringern fast ausschliesslich durch angebotsseitige Beschränkungen erklärbar sind: Rehabilitationskliniken, Zentrumsversorgung, Rheumatologie, plastische Chirurgie, Pneumologie und Pflegeheime. Diese Gruppe von Leistungserbringern zeichnet sich folglich durch einen hohen Anteil an “nicht dringend angezeigten medizinischen Eingrien und Therapien” aus, welche zudem nicht bis zum Jahresende (innert ca. acht Monate) nachgeholt wurden. Einen substanziellen Anteil nachfrageseitig getriebener Kostenreduktionen weisen die Leistungserbringer Chiropraktoren, psychiatrische Kliniken, Physiotherapeut:innen und Ergotherapeut:innen auf. Diese nachfrageseitigen Effekte sind ggf. ein Indikator dafür, wie die Versicherten den Wert von bestimmten Gesundheitsdienstleistungen wahrnehmen. Hohe nachfrageseitige Effekte sind hier ggf. mit einem geringeren Wert für die Versicherten in Zusammenhang zu bringen. Die Ergebnisse erlauben so eine fokussiertere Herangehensweise bei einer Detailanalyse; jedoch lassen sie keine Aussage darüber zu, welche Leistungen medizinisch “nötig” und welche “unnötig” sind.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Hanna, Joëlle; Scheibenreif, Linus Mathias; Mommert, Michael; Borth, Damian;
    Publisher: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society
    Country: Switzerland

    Satellites allow spatially precise monitoring of the Earth, but provide only limited information on events of societal impact. Subjective societal impact, however, may be quantified at a high frequency by monitoring social media data. In this work, we propose a multi-modal data fusion framework to accurately identify periods of COVID-19-related lockdown in the United Kingdom using satellite observations (NO2 measurements from Sentinel-5P) and social media (textual content of tweets from Twitter) data. We show that the data fusion of the two modalities improves the event detection accuracy on a national level and for large cities such as London.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Boppart, Timo; Harmenberg, Karl; Krusell, Per; Olsson, Jonna;
    Publisher: Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Countries: Switzerland, United Kingdom
    Project: EC | 3D-In-Macro (851891)

    Using an integrated epi-econ model, we compute the value of vaccines for Covid-19, both under a planner's solution and in competitive equilibrium. The specific model, developed in Boppart, Harmenberg, Hassler, Krusell, and Olsson (2020), factors in not just value-of-life aspects along with standard economic variables but also the value of leisure activities that rely on a social component. We find that the societal value of vaccination is large; we estimate that, translated into monetary terms, the value of vaccinating one young individual in the competitive equilibrium is $17,800. Externalities are large: less than half the societal value is internalized by individuals (assuming that they act purely in their self-interest). Finally, behavioral responses are important, with a substantial share of the value of vaccines being attributed to people enjoying more socially-oriented leisure when more people are vaccinated.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Häberle, Ludwig; Stölzle, Wolfgang; Sievers, Tim Felix;
    Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
    Country: Switzerland

    The study "Business Aviation Study Switzerland 2022" examines the impact, benefits and trends of Business Aviation with a specific emphasis on the Swiss market. Outlining the economic impact by focusing on the national and regional Swiss Business Aviation airports and their related stakeholder benefits, the study highlights Business Aviation as an integral part and backbone of the highly efficient Swiss aviation system. In 2021, Switzerland recorded close to 100,000 Business Aviation aircraft movements – exceeding the level of 2019. In light of the COVID-19 related crisis of scheduled airline traffic, Business Aviation has proven resilient temporarily increasing its share in total aircraft movements to 27 %. Thus, Business Aviation remains a reliable and irreplaceable partner securing Switzerland’s connectivity, particularly in times of crisis. Looking to the future, Business Aviation opens up the opportunity to act as an innovation driver and technological pioneer paving the way for sustainable aviation in the long term.

  • Publication . Book . 2022
    English
    Authors: 
    Casas Klett, Tomas; Cozzi, Guido;
    Publisher: Seismo Press AG
    Country: Switzerland

    The Elite Quality Index 2022 (EQx2022) In the third annual edition of this global political economy index from the University of St.Gallen, data shows where elites deliver or extract value from their individual nations The third EQx2022 annual report scores and ranks 151 countries using 120 component indicators. The Index evaluates whether national elites contribute or take away to the economic advancement of their societies and measures and compares value creation. It focuses primarily on business models that generate the highest incomes in individual national economies. By and large, elites and their businesses are essential for value creation and economic growth. The flip side to value creation is value extraction, which is when elites take value away from the general population to feed their businesses. Such models are based on trade barriers, wars, monopolies, discrimination of any kind. The research, led by the University of St.Gallen (HSG) along with international academic partners and the St.Gallen-based Foundation for Value Creation, provides unique insight into value creation by elites across in 151 nations globally. The Index is based on a framework consisting of four conceptual areas:Economic Power, Economic Value, Political Power and Political Value. Elites are categorized as very high quality elites (rank 1 to 10), high quality elites (rank 11 to 25), quality elites (rank 26 to 75), middle quality elites (rank 76 to 125) and lagging elites (rank below 125). Some of the main findings: The top two places in the EQx2022 have not changed from 2021 and were again taken by Singapore (#1) and Switzerland (#2). Both countries are leaders in the Value Sub-Index, their respective weaknesses being Political Power for Singapore (#20) and Economic Power for Switzerland (#15). Overall, it appears that smaller countries have shown greater resilience during the last year of the COVID-19 pandemic taking 9 of the top 10 positions. Australia (#3) and Israel (#4) have made impressive advances of 6 and 3 places respectively. Conversely, the UK (#8) and the US (#15) have fallen by 5 and 10 places respectively, their fundamental problem being that elites do not create enough Political Value (rank #17 and a dismal #66 respectively).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Silvia Stroe; Charlotta Sirén; Vinit Parida; Joakim Wincent;
    Countries: Italy, Switzerland

    How should new venture ideas be framed in order to acquire human resources and gain support in times of crisis characterized by struggling or failing institutions and governmental organizations? To answer this question, we analyze 316 new venture ideas aimed at alleviating the COVID-19 crisis in 11 countries. We investigate different linguistic framing configurations and test their persuasive power for human resource acquisition. Our fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) and linguistic analysis reveal that a “common enemy framing” is crucial for obtaining resources in crisis contexts. Non-profit venture ideas, specifically, may acquire resources via two additional paths: adding positive emotional content or using an entrepreneurial hustle framing with concrete calls to action. Our findings provide novel insights into entrepreneurial resource acquisition and idea framing during crises.