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253,960 Research products, page 1 of 25,396

  • COVID-19
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  • COVID-19

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Sang Angga Putri, Rachmaniar;
    Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo
    Country: Indonesia

    Mekanisme penawaran yang terjadi di Pasar Porong merupakan salah satu bentuk transaksi perekonomian yang terjadi secara luas dan bebas. Dalam transaksi penawaran ini di tentukan dengan adanya sebuah permintaan barang antara konsumen dan juga pedagang. Dalam hal penawaran ini juga terdapat prinsip-prisip yang diterapkan pada perdagangan, menjadikan tolak ukur atara pedagang dan para konsumen. Agar dapat membedakan sebuah penawaran yang dilakukan dan permintaan yang diminta. Menjadi peran utama dalam perkonomian. Kesulitan penawaran yang terjadi pada para konsumen saat pandemic covid-19. Yang mengakibatkan kemacetan system perekonomian di Pasar Porong. Kualahan para pedagang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan konsumen di pandemic covid-19 dengan harga yang melonjak sangat tinggi, dan dengan pendapatan para konsumen yang rendah. Mengakibatkan ketidak lancaran para pedagang dan konsumen bertransaksi di Pasar Porong. Saat pandemic covid-19 banyak penjual dipasar tidak diperbolehkan bejualan secar bebas dan terbuka. Dan para konsumen juga tidak bisa terlalu bebas untuk bertransaksi dengan para pedagang. Yang mengakibatkan penurunya perekonomian pasar.

  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Meza Miranda, Eliana Romina; Parra Soto, Solange Liliana; Durán Agüero, Samuel; Gómez, Georgina; Carpio Arias, Valeria; Ríos Castillo, Israel; Murillo, Ana Gabriela; Araneda, Jacqueline; Morales, Gladys; Cavagnari, Brian M.; +6 more
    Country: Argentina

    Abstract: Introduction: Short sleep, physical inactivity, and being locked up are risk factors for weight gain. Objective: We evaluated weight gain according to sex, age, hours of sleep and physical activity in university students from 10 Latin American countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional and multicenter study (n = 4880). Results: The average age was 22.5 ± 4.4 years. 60.2% were currently locked up. 73.6% were women, 48.2% increased their body weight, 66% reported insufficient sleep hours, and 65.9% were inactive. Women gained more weight than men (73.2%) and younger students gained more weight (85.1%). Those who had insufficient sleep hours gained most weight (67.6%). Inactive participants gained most weight (74.7%). Students who have insufficient sleep are 21% more likely to have changes in body weight compared to students who have optimal sleep. Conclusion: The increase in body weight and its risk factors during confinement should be considered as emerging from public health.

  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Barrantes, Francisco José;
    Country: Argentina

    Abstract: Critical to viral infection are the multiple interactions between viral proteins and host-cell counterparts. The first such interaction is the recognition of viral envelope proteins by surface receptors that normally fulfil other physiological roles, a hijacking mechanism perfected over the course of evolution. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiological agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has successfully adopted this strategy using its spike glycoprotein to dock on the membraneboundmetalloprotease angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The crystal structures of several SARS-CoV-2 proteins alone or in complex with their receptors or other ligands were recently solved at an unprecedented pace. This accomplishment is partly due to the increasing availability of data on other coronaviruses and ACE2 over the past 18 years. Likewise, other key intervening actors and mechanisms of viral infection were elucidated with the aid of biophysical approaches. An understanding of the various structurally important motifs of the interacting partners provides key mechanistic information for the development of structure-based designer drugs able to inhibit various steps of the infective cycle, including neutralizing antibodies, small organic drugs, and vaccines. This review analyzes current progress and the outlook for future structural studies.

  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Otero Losada, Matilde; Petrovsky, Nikolai; Alami, Abdallah; Crispo, James A.; Mattison, Donald; Capani, Francisco; Goetz, Christopher; Krewski, Daniel; Pérez Lloret, Santiago;
    Country: Argentina

    Abstract: Background: Information on neurological and psychiatric adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with COVID-19 vaccines is limited. Research design & methods: We examined and compared neurological and psychiatric AEFIS reports related to BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and ChAdOx1 (Oxford-AstraZeneca) COVID-19 vaccines and recorded in the United Kingdom Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency between 9 December 2020 and 30 June 2021. Results: As of 30 June 2021, 46.1 million doses of ChAdOx1 and 30.3 million doses of BNT162b2 had been administered. The most frequently reported AEFI was headache with 1,686 and 575 cases per million doses of ChAdOx1 and BNT162b2, respectively. AEFIs more frequently reported after CHAdOx1 compared with BNT162b2 vaccination were Guillain-Barré syndrome (OR, 95% CI = 2.53, 1.82–3.51), freezing (6.66, 3.12–14.22), cluster headache (1.53, 1.28–1.84), migraine (1.23,1.17–1.30), postural dizziness (1.24,1.13–1.37), tremor (2.86, 2.68–3.05), headache (1.40, 1.38–1.43), paresthesia (1.11, 1.06–1.16), delirium (1.85, 1.45–2.36), hallucination (2.20, 1.82–2.66), poor quality sleep (1.53, 1.26–1.85), and nervousness (1.54, 1.26–1.89) Reactions less frequently reported with ChAdOx1 than with BNT162b2 were Bell’s palsy (0.47, 0.41–0.55), anosmia (0.58, 0.47–0.71), facial paralysis (0.35, 0.29– 0.41), dysgeusia (0.68, 0.62–0.73), presyncope (0.48, 0.42–0.55), syncope (0.63, 0.58–0.67), and anxiety (0.75 (0.67–0.85). Conclusion: Neurological and psychiatric AEFIs were relatively infrequent, but each vaccine was associated with a distinctive toxic profile. Plain Language Summary We examined reports on adverse neurological and psychiatric effects following immunization with BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and ChAdOx1 (Oxford-AstraZeneca) for COVID-19 to the United Kingdom Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency between 9 December 2020 and 30 June 2021. Adverse effects following immunization (AEFIs) were relatively infrequent. Compared to BNT162b2, Guillain-Barré syndrome, freezing phenomenon, cluster headache, migraine, postural dizziness, tremor, headache, paresthesia, delirium, hallucination, poor quality sleep, and nervousness were more frequently reported for ChAdOx1. Reactions less frequently reported for ChAdOx1 than for BNT162b2 were Bell’s palsy, anosmia, facial paralysis, dysgeusia, presyncope, syncope, and anxiety.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lock, Ellen;
    Publisher: Human Resources Research Centre, University of Zimbabwe

    The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic sparked a considerable shift in commonplace life worldwide. Since the government of Zimbabwe declared a twenty-one day lockdown on the 30th March 2020, schools have only been allowed to open intermittently until March 2021. This has resulted in many schools adopting an online curriculum to enable children to continue with their syllabus uninterrupted. This study sought to explore the positive and negative experiences of families with children engaged in online learning, in an effort to equip parents with coping mechanisms for future lockdowns. A qualitative approach was conducted for this study, specifically making use of the document analysis design. Data was collected using interviews carried out over Zoom and WhatsApp social media platforms. Online learning presented challenges as well as opportunities for growth. The prime challenges were the inordinate amount of time children spent on their screens, the lack of social interaction with peers, lack of exercise and a tendency to snack on food throughout the day. The main positive experiences were family bonding time, parents’ newfound respect and appreciation for the role of teachers, the opportunity to engage in new hobbies, and learning to appreciate each day. This study highlights the need for practices such as mindfulness, a healthy diet, physical activity and understanding the tenets of resilience and positive psychology to aid with the challenges of online learning during a pandemic.

  • English
    Authors: 
    De Guzman, Joshua Alrenzo Evangelista;
    Publisher: University of British Columbia

    The full abstract for this thesis is available in the body of the thesis, and will be available when the embargo expires.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chakraborthy, Sudip;
    Publisher: Goldsmiths, University of London
    Country: United Kingdom

    This research project examines the socio-political context that has generated the contest for national identity in Bangladesh since the War of Independence in 1971. By means of performance and Practice Research, the thesis examines the politics of identity in which the citizens of Bangladesh engage in daily life. It proposes how Practice Research via theatrical performance can provide a space for the acceptance of fluid and heterogeneous cultural identities in Bangladesh. If the ���nation��� is, as Ernest Renan argues, the possession in common of a rich legacy of memories, an on-going present-day consent, and a desire to live together, then the socio-political context of this study explores how religious, cultural and ethnic markers of national identity are imagined, contested and performed among and by various ethnic, religious, and cultural communities. The research is underpinned by ���identity��� as a notion that is unfixed, that is in constant flux, and that is informed by various and sometime contradictory social practices. This project explores how national identity in Bangladesh is anything but monolithic, and indeed is always-already in flux. The thesis seeks to understand identity in Bangladesh today by presenting the views of multiple contestants representing religious, cultural, and ethnic groups. Via interviews with different demographic groups, workshops discussing individual and community identities, and a devised theatrical performance (presented in filmed form owing to the COVID-19 pandemic), the project investigates how different individuals and communities can meet, play out, challenge, and respect their own and each other���s identities and specificities in the theatre space.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Joanna Luczkowiak; Gonzalo Rivas; Nuria Labiod; Fátima Lasala; Marta Rolo; Jaime Lora‐Tamayo; Mikel Mancheno‐Losa; David Rial‐Crestelo; Alfredo Pérez‐Rivilla; María Dolores Folgueira; +1 more
    Publisher: Wiley
    Country: Spain

    We have measured the humoral response to messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines in COVID-19 naïve and convalescent individuals. Third doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines induced a significant increase in potency and breadth of neutralization against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VoC) including Omicron subvariants BA.1, BA.2, and BA.2.12.1, that were cross-neutralized at comparable levels and less for BA.4/5. This booster effect was especially important in naïve individuals that only after the third dose achieved a level that was comparable with that of vaccinated COVID-19 convalescents except for BA.4/5. Avidity of RBD-binding antibodies was also significantly increased in naïve individuals after the third dose, indicating an association between affinity maturation and cross neutralization of VoC. These results suggest that at least three antigenic stimuli by infection or vaccination with ancestral SARS-CoV-2 sequences are required to induce high avidity cross-neutralizing antibodies. Nevertheless, the circulation of new subvariants such as BA.4/5 with partial resistance to neutralization will have to be closely monitored and eventually consider for future vaccine developments.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gül Şerife HUYUGÜZEL KIŞLA; Burcu TÜRKCAN; Meltem INCE YENİLMEZ;
    Publisher: Yusuf KARAKUŞ

    There is no doubt that coronavirus has succeeded in crippling businesses and people worldwide. It has led to unprecedented economic crisis in countries around the world. The tourism sector isn’t an exception to its devastating impacts. The virus has succeeded in affecting not just the economy. In addition to such, job opportunities, and regional developments in local communities have been greatly affected. Tourism throughout the world has been stagnant since the month of April 2020 due to the advent of COVID-19. Given this temporary problem, economies and employment rates have been affected to a great extent. Also, local communities around the world are struggling to survive. In most countries, 50% the revenue generated from exports is contributed by tourism. This means it is a major contributor of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) as well as employment. The major aim of this paper is to carry out an objective review that can enable researchers and experts understand as well as manage the impacts of COVID-19 on tourism. For this to be achieved, this paper discussed the transformational opportunities presented by COVID-19 including questions that it raises. The paper attempts to identify pre-assumptions, institutions, and fundamental values which the tourism industry including other academia need to challenge for development to be achieved. Furthermore, the paper discusses the major impacts, experiences and behaviors being experienced by the 3 stakeholders in the tourism industry – social cost, supply, and demand. Just as measures have been adopted by countries to ameliorate the situation, recommendations have been put forward to ensure speedy recovery of the sector.

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    De Andrade, Luiz H.A.; Thomas, Duncan Andrew; Laterza, Vito;
    Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

    There is growing criticism of Big Tech platforms across different sectors of society. There is also increasing scepticism towards seemingly wholesale digitalisation of higher education (HE), largely enabled by platform firms, that followed COVID-19 related emergency online teaching. However, critical studies remain rare of the multiple, interconnected ways in which HE is affected by the rise of educational technology (EdTech) platforms and their providers. The goal of this chapter is therefore to provide an extensive thematic review of the emerging body of work that takes a critical perspective, and particularly of work that highlights political economy dimensions of ongoing HE platformisation. From this review, we identify nine key, interrelated themes, that also may signal structural shifts in HE related to rising platforms and providers. We note two meta-themes, platformisation and learnification, and seven sub-themes: datafication, assetisation, modularisation, crowdification and peer-to-peering (under platformisation); and unbundling and skillisation & short-circuiting (under learnification). Finally, we discuss the implications of our review, and propose a critical approach to EdTech provision, considering both negative aspects of ongoing platformisation, and preservation of the public mission of HE in differing contexts.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
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Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
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Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
253,960 Research products, page 1 of 25,396
  • English
    Authors: 
    Sang Angga Putri, Rachmaniar;
    Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo
    Country: Indonesia

    Mekanisme penawaran yang terjadi di Pasar Porong merupakan salah satu bentuk transaksi perekonomian yang terjadi secara luas dan bebas. Dalam transaksi penawaran ini di tentukan dengan adanya sebuah permintaan barang antara konsumen dan juga pedagang. Dalam hal penawaran ini juga terdapat prinsip-prisip yang diterapkan pada perdagangan, menjadikan tolak ukur atara pedagang dan para konsumen. Agar dapat membedakan sebuah penawaran yang dilakukan dan permintaan yang diminta. Menjadi peran utama dalam perkonomian. Kesulitan penawaran yang terjadi pada para konsumen saat pandemic covid-19. Yang mengakibatkan kemacetan system perekonomian di Pasar Porong. Kualahan para pedagang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan konsumen di pandemic covid-19 dengan harga yang melonjak sangat tinggi, dan dengan pendapatan para konsumen yang rendah. Mengakibatkan ketidak lancaran para pedagang dan konsumen bertransaksi di Pasar Porong. Saat pandemic covid-19 banyak penjual dipasar tidak diperbolehkan bejualan secar bebas dan terbuka. Dan para konsumen juga tidak bisa terlalu bebas untuk bertransaksi dengan para pedagang. Yang mengakibatkan penurunya perekonomian pasar.

  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Meza Miranda, Eliana Romina; Parra Soto, Solange Liliana; Durán Agüero, Samuel; Gómez, Georgina; Carpio Arias, Valeria; Ríos Castillo, Israel; Murillo, Ana Gabriela; Araneda, Jacqueline; Morales, Gladys; Cavagnari, Brian M.; +6 more
    Country: Argentina

    Abstract: Introduction: Short sleep, physical inactivity, and being locked up are risk factors for weight gain. Objective: We evaluated weight gain according to sex, age, hours of sleep and physical activity in university students from 10 Latin American countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional and multicenter study (n = 4880). Results: The average age was 22.5 ± 4.4 years. 60.2% were currently locked up. 73.6% were women, 48.2% increased their body weight, 66% reported insufficient sleep hours, and 65.9% were inactive. Women gained more weight than men (73.2%) and younger students gained more weight (85.1%). Those who had insufficient sleep hours gained most weight (67.6%). Inactive participants gained most weight (74.7%). Students who have insufficient sleep are 21% more likely to have changes in body weight compared to students who have optimal sleep. Conclusion: The increase in body weight and its risk factors during confinement should be considered as emerging from public health.

  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Barrantes, Francisco José;
    Country: Argentina

    Abstract: Critical to viral infection are the multiple interactions between viral proteins and host-cell counterparts. The first such interaction is the recognition of viral envelope proteins by surface receptors that normally fulfil other physiological roles, a hijacking mechanism perfected over the course of evolution. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiological agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has successfully adopted this strategy using its spike glycoprotein to dock on the membraneboundmetalloprotease angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The crystal structures of several SARS-CoV-2 proteins alone or in complex with their receptors or other ligands were recently solved at an unprecedented pace. This accomplishment is partly due to the increasing availability of data on other coronaviruses and ACE2 over the past 18 years. Likewise, other key intervening actors and mechanisms of viral infection were elucidated with the aid of biophysical approaches. An understanding of the various structurally important motifs of the interacting partners provides key mechanistic information for the development of structure-based designer drugs able to inhibit various steps of the infective cycle, including neutralizing antibodies, small organic drugs, and vaccines. This review analyzes current progress and the outlook for future structural studies.

  • Embargo English
    Authors: 
    Otero Losada, Matilde; Petrovsky, Nikolai; Alami, Abdallah; Crispo, James A.; Mattison, Donald; Capani, Francisco; Goetz, Christopher; Krewski, Daniel; Pérez Lloret, Santiago;
    Country: Argentina

    Abstract: Background: Information on neurological and psychiatric adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with COVID-19 vaccines is limited. Research design & methods: We examined and compared neurological and psychiatric AEFIS reports related to BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and ChAdOx1 (Oxford-AstraZeneca) COVID-19 vaccines and recorded in the United Kingdom Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency between 9 December 2020 and 30 June 2021. Results: As of 30 June 2021, 46.1 million doses of ChAdOx1 and 30.3 million doses of BNT162b2 had been administered. The most frequently reported AEFI was headache with 1,686 and 575 cases per million doses of ChAdOx1 and BNT162b2, respectively. AEFIs more frequently reported after CHAdOx1 compared with BNT162b2 vaccination were Guillain-Barré syndrome (OR, 95% CI = 2.53, 1.82–3.51), freezing (6.66, 3.12–14.22), cluster headache (1.53, 1.28–1.84), migraine (1.23,1.17–1.30), postural dizziness (1.24,1.13–1.37), tremor (2.86, 2.68–3.05), headache (1.40, 1.38–1.43), paresthesia (1.11, 1.06–1.16), delirium (1.85, 1.45–2.36), hallucination (2.20, 1.82–2.66), poor quality sleep (1.53, 1.26–1.85), and nervousness (1.54, 1.26–1.89) Reactions less frequently reported with ChAdOx1 than with BNT162b2 were Bell’s palsy (0.47, 0.41–0.55), anosmia (0.58, 0.47–0.71), facial paralysis (0.35, 0.29– 0.41), dysgeusia (0.68, 0.62–0.73), presyncope (0.48, 0.42–0.55), syncope (0.63, 0.58–0.67), and anxiety (0.75 (0.67–0.85). Conclusion: Neurological and psychiatric AEFIs were relatively infrequent, but each vaccine was associated with a distinctive toxic profile. Plain Language Summary We examined reports on adverse neurological and psychiatric effects following immunization with BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and ChAdOx1 (Oxford-AstraZeneca) for COVID-19 to the United Kingdom Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency between 9 December 2020 and 30 June 2021. Adverse effects following immunization (AEFIs) were relatively infrequent. Compared to BNT162b2, Guillain-Barré syndrome, freezing phenomenon, cluster headache, migraine, postural dizziness, tremor, headache, paresthesia, delirium, hallucination, poor quality sleep, and nervousness were more frequently reported for ChAdOx1. Reactions less frequently reported for ChAdOx1 than for BNT162b2 were Bell’s palsy, anosmia, facial paralysis, dysgeusia, presyncope, syncope, and anxiety.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lock, Ellen;
    Publisher: Human Resources Research Centre, University of Zimbabwe

    The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic sparked a considerable shift in commonplace life worldwide. Since the government of Zimbabwe declared a twenty-one day lockdown on the 30th March 2020, schools have only been allowed to open intermittently until March 2021. This has resulted in many schools adopting an online curriculum to enable children to continue with their syllabus uninterrupted. This study sought to explore the positive and negative experiences of families with children engaged in online learning, in an effort to equip parents with coping mechanisms for future lockdowns. A qualitative approach was conducted for this study, specifically making use of the document analysis design. Data was collected using interviews carried out over Zoom and WhatsApp social media platforms. Online learning presented challenges as well as opportunities for growth. The prime challenges were the inordinate amount of time children spent on their screens, the lack of social interaction with peers, lack of exercise and a tendency to snack on food throughout the day. The main positive experiences were family bonding time, parents’ newfound respect and appreciation for the role of teachers, the opportunity to engage in new hobbies, and learning to appreciate each day. This study highlights the need for practices such as mindfulness, a healthy diet, physical activity and understanding the tenets of resilience and positive psychology to aid with the challenges of online learning during a pandemic.

  • English
    Authors: 
    De Guzman, Joshua Alrenzo Evangelista;
    Publisher: University of British Columbia

    The full abstract for this thesis is available in the body of the thesis, and will be available when the embargo expires.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chakraborthy, Sudip;
    Publisher: Goldsmiths, University of London
    Country: United Kingdom

    This research project examines the socio-political context that has generated the contest for national identity in Bangladesh since the War of Independence in 1971. By means of performance and Practice Research, the thesis examines the politics of identity in which the citizens of Bangladesh engage in daily life. It proposes how Practice Research via theatrical performance can provide a space for the acceptance of fluid and heterogeneous cultural identities in Bangladesh. If the ���nation��� is, as Ernest Renan argues, the possession in common of a rich legacy of memories, an on-going present-day consent, and a desire to live together, then the socio-political context of this study explores how religious, cultural and ethnic markers of national identity are imagined, contested and performed among and by various ethnic, religious, and cultural communities. The research is underpinned by ���identity��� as a notion that is unfixed, that is in constant flux, and that is informed by various and sometime contradictory social practices. This project explores how national identity in Bangladesh is anything but monolithic, and indeed is always-already in flux. The thesis seeks to understand identity in Bangladesh today by presenting the views of multiple contestants representing religious, cultural, and ethnic groups. Via interviews with different demographic groups, workshops discussing individual and community identities, and a devised theatrical performance (presented in filmed form owing to the COVID-19 pandemic), the project investigates how different individuals and communities can meet, play out, challenge, and respect their own and each other���s identities and specificities in the theatre space.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Joanna Luczkowiak; Gonzalo Rivas; Nuria Labiod; Fátima Lasala; Marta Rolo; Jaime Lora‐Tamayo; Mikel Mancheno‐Losa; David Rial‐Crestelo; Alfredo Pérez‐Rivilla; María Dolores Folgueira; +1 more
    Publisher: Wiley
    Country: Spain

    We have measured the humoral response to messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines in COVID-19 naïve and convalescent individuals. Third doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines induced a significant increase in potency and breadth of neutralization against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VoC) including Omicron subvariants BA.1, BA.2, and BA.2.12.1, that were cross-neutralized at comparable levels and less for BA.4/5. This booster effect was especially important in naïve individuals that only after the third dose achieved a level that was comparable with that of vaccinated COVID-19 convalescents except for BA.4/5. Avidity of RBD-binding antibodies was also significantly increased in naïve individuals after the third dose, indicating an association between affinity maturation and cross neutralization of VoC. These results suggest that at least three antigenic stimuli by infection or vaccination with ancestral SARS-CoV-2 sequences are required to induce high avidity cross-neutralizing antibodies. Nevertheless, the circulation of new subvariants such as BA.4/5 with partial resistance to neutralization will have to be closely monitored and eventually consider for future vaccine developments.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gül Şerife HUYUGÜZEL KIŞLA; Burcu TÜRKCAN; Meltem INCE YENİLMEZ;
    Publisher: Yusuf KARAKUŞ

    There is no doubt that coronavirus has succeeded in crippling businesses and people worldwide. It has led to unprecedented economic crisis in countries around the world. The tourism sector isn’t an exception to its devastating impacts. The virus has succeeded in affecting not just the economy. In addition to such, job opportunities, and regional developments in local communities have been greatly affected. Tourism throughout the world has been stagnant since the month of April 2020 due to the advent of COVID-19. Given this temporary problem, economies and employment rates have been affected to a great extent. Also, local communities around the world are struggling to survive. In most countries, 50% the revenue generated from exports is contributed by tourism. This means it is a major contributor of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) as well as employment. The major aim of this paper is to carry out an objective review that can enable researchers and experts understand as well as manage the impacts of COVID-19 on tourism. For this to be achieved, this paper discussed the transformational opportunities presented by COVID-19 including questions that it raises. The paper attempts to identify pre-assumptions, institutions, and fundamental values which the tourism industry including other academia need to challenge for development to be achieved. Furthermore, the paper discusses the major impacts, experiences and behaviors being experienced by the 3 stakeholders in the tourism industry – social cost, supply, and demand. Just as measures have been adopted by countries to ameliorate the situation, recommendations have been put forward to ensure speedy recovery of the sector.

  • Restricted English
    Authors: 
    De Andrade, Luiz H.A.; Thomas, Duncan Andrew; Laterza, Vito;
    Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

    There is growing criticism of Big Tech platforms across different sectors of society. There is also increasing scepticism towards seemingly wholesale digitalisation of higher education (HE), largely enabled by platform firms, that followed COVID-19 related emergency online teaching. However, critical studies remain rare of the multiple, interconnected ways in which HE is affected by the rise of educational technology (EdTech) platforms and their providers. The goal of this chapter is therefore to provide an extensive thematic review of the emerging body of work that takes a critical perspective, and particularly of work that highlights political economy dimensions of ongoing HE platformisation. From this review, we identify nine key, interrelated themes, that also may signal structural shifts in HE related to rising platforms and providers. We note two meta-themes, platformisation and learnification, and seven sub-themes: datafication, assetisation, modularisation, crowdification and peer-to-peering (under platformisation); and unbundling and skillisation & short-circuiting (under learnification). Finally, we discuss the implications of our review, and propose a critical approach to EdTech provision, considering both negative aspects of ongoing platformisation, and preservation of the public mission of HE in differing contexts.