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7,915 Research products, page 1 of 792

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  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Barth, Theodor;
    Publisher: KHiO
    Country: Norway

    Three files: tales (mostly in English), images and writing exercises. The stories compiled in the attachment are called stories of nothing, as they are built from coincidences and are based on real events: as they happened, they were slippery and difficult to remember. With the work of time—and practice—they became stories: picked up, linked to events and occasionally come with some advice. Like in Walter Benjamin’s essay on Nikolai Leskov—the Storyteller—the stories eschew the premises of journalism and of authoring. In his words, the crafts constitute the home of a higher level of storytelling. Since they deal with coincidence the stories of Nothing are connected to Surrealism, as explained by André Breton and Paul Eluard (Minotaure). In some sense they oppose the Hidden Hand of Liberalism, with the Hidden Hand of History: as necessity finds its way through desire and dream to display in coincidence. A number of the attached stories the events utfolder as though there was a hidden film director at work, and the story teller became unwittingly involved and tangled in a movie take. Of course, there was no such thing, which is why they are called stories of nothing. At the bottom of the coloumn of files to the left, the reader will also find some writing exercises, that will help to prepare her for stories like these. It takes som effort and toil to get there, but in the end they will yield to writing. The stories were compiled in the early days of the Covid 19 pandemic, on a FB group support page called Mora til Herman. It closed, as the pandemic progressed, the 23rd april 2020. The definition of DESIGN used here, determines a two-tiered process of 1) pathfinding and 2) goalseeking, through sustain trail and search of mark-making (writing or drawing) that hatches when the two tiers start to converge/coincide. Design searches and queries between what never works and what always works: it explores the slim possibilities in between, in quest of moving from a current situation to a preferred one (Herbert Simon).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ang, Zi Xuan;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    The maritime industry is indispensable to many countries as trade represents the lifeblood of many economies across the globe, including Singapore. Due to economies of scale, sea transport is highly employed for trades, transporting over 80% of the world’s trade by volume. The maritime industry is of high economic importance in Singapore, accounting for 7% of the nation’s Gross Domestic Production (GDP). In a world increasingly characterized by volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity (VUCA), the Sea Transport Industry Transformation Map (ITM) was launched in 2018, with a refreshed version released in 2022 in an endeavour to safeguard the competitiveness of Singapore’s maritime industry. A few unprecedented global events have taken place since 2018. In particular, Covid-19 upturned the world and brought forth the “new normal”, which includes an increased focus on sustainability, digitalisation, and work-life balance. From the Sea Transport ITM, developing a future-ready maritime workforce is one of Singapore’s key strategies and it involves attracting, retaining, and retraining talent. Based on current literature, it is only possible to gather the various talent initiatives developed by the different government bodies in response to the ITM and the industry's general need to attract, retain and upskill talent. As such, the research gaps with regards to Singapore’s maritime talent strategy include the current state of the maritime industry and whether maritime companies are putting in similar efforts to attract, retain and upskill talent. To gain insights into the industry’s current state of attracting, retaining, and retraining talent including other realistic issues overlooked, surveys and interviews were carried out to gather quantitative and qualitative data. Primary research efforts revealed that the overall push factor of the maritime industry is more than its pull factor. In addition, the government generally puts in more effort to attract talent into the industry than the companies but there are often limitations. Other issues uncovered include the word of mouth as a double-edged sword in attracting talent, low employee engagement by companies in retaining talent, the limited support provided by companies in retraining talent and people’s lack of awareness of the Maritime Port Authority (MPA) co-funding schemes for them to utilise in their training. The most challenging aspect of developing a future-ready maritime workforce is aligning the maritime companies with Maritime Singapore's vision as some companies may have tunnel vision. Companies also have the autonomy to decide on the extent they will contribute to a future-ready maritime workforce in Singapore. Hence, the study suggests establishing a maritime association to provide more direct support for all maritime stakeholders and a multilateral synergy model to remind the industry of the interdependence of the three key maritime strategies – sustainability, digitalisation and talent. Overall, maritime companies must and will need to generate more value. Bachelor of Science (Maritime Studies)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lee, Jacob Zong Wei;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    Singapore is a country known for importing most of their food with over 90% imported. However, the past few years has taught us that food security is something that can be changed drastically quickly. From lockdown restrictions thru COVID 19 to war breaking out between Russia and Ukraine, it has hindered the global food exports and affected us. This highlights the importance to strengthen our local food production. In addition, land space in Singapore is limited and not much area can be used for companies to grow local produces. Area used in housing is the highest which can be a solution to increase food production. In this project, we will be looking at the current innovation and technologies available in indoor planting and ways we could improve in them to fit into our everyday lives. With the usage of sensors and processors plus data to analyze plant growth. Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical Engineering)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Teo, Ee Lin;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    The COVID-19 pandemic has increased consumers’ reliance on online food delivery (OFD) platforms, a trend that is expected to continue even after the pandemic. The surge in OFD orders has resulted in OFD platforms facing some difficulty in keeping up with the demand. Furthermore, if more labour regulations are imposed on the OFD industry, OFD platforms possibly face a more challenging business environment due to their reliance on freelance riders to provide delivery services. Thus, OFD platforms must remain adaptable and consider further promoting the use of self pick-up as a viable alternative to delivery. This will allow OFD platforms to diversify their service offerings and meet the growing demand for OFD services in the future. This report aims to address the use of self pick-up on OFD platforms, a topic that has not been widely studied in existing literature. By exploring the key factors which influence customers to use self pick-up over door-to-door delivery on OFD platforms in Singapore, suggestions can be made to improve the self pick-up customer experience and encourage its adoption. A qualitative method of data collection was employed where semi-structured interviews were conducted with OFD platform users to gain first-hand insights into the preferences of OFD platform users. An analysis of the interview responses using inductive thematic analysis revealed three key factors that influence customers to use self pick-up on OFD platforms in Singapore: convenience, price, and greater control. These insights contribute to research in the OFD sector since an enhanced understanding of customer preferences will allow OFD platforms to gain insights on how to better encourage their users to opt for self pick-up. Further research can be done to explore alternative last-mile delivery options such as self pick-up from smart lockers. Bachelor of Science (Maritime Studies)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anna Pascual Reguant; Ronja Mothes; Helena Radbruch; Anja E. Hauser;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Clinical Data Table containing all relevant information for the COVID-19 study performed, in particular COVID-19 disease duration (which was used to stratify the lung samples analyzed by multiplexed histology and spatial transcriptomics) and presence of SARS-CoV-2 viral particles.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sokolovska, Liba; Terentjeva-Decuka, Anna; Cistjakovs, Maksims; Nora-Krukle, Zaiga; Gravelsina, Sabine; Vilmane, Anda; Vecvagare, Katrine; Murovska, Modra;
    Country: Latvia

    © 2022. The Author(s). BACKGROUND: The risk of developing severe and even fatal coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) increases with various factors such as advanced age and chronic diseases, especially those treated with immunosuppressive drugs. Viral ribonucleic acid (RNA) and viral load detection in extra-pulmonary specimens have been proposed to indicate disease severity. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we describe a fatal COVID-19 case of an 83-year-old Caucasian male patient with various underlying comorbidities, including cardiovascular and autoimmune disorders, as well as immunosuppression due to lymphoma treatment. Upon admission, the patient was radiologically diagnosed with severe COVID-19. The patient was febrile and presented with diarrhea, continued dyspnea, tachypnea, and low blood oxygen saturation, treated with high-concentration oxygen supplementation and antibacterial therapy. Overall the patient was treated for COVID-19 for 19 days. Blood tests were performed upon admission, on the fifth, 10th, 13th, and 19th day. In addition, nasopharyngeal swab, blood, urine, and fecal samples were collected from the patient on the 14th day for virological and immunological investigations. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was detectable in all samples collected from this patient, including blood plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), with very high viral loads. However, neither virus-specific IgA, IgM, nor IgG antibodies were detectable. CONCLUSIONS: The various cardiovascular, autoimmune, and oncological disorders, advanced age, and the high levels of inflammatory markers predisposed the patient to severe COVID-19 and determined the fatal outcome of the disease. We believe that the multiple specimen SARS-CoV-2 positivity and extremely high viral loads in nasopharyngeal swab and fecal samples to be the result of COVID-19 severity, the inability of viral clearance and weakened immune response due to advanced age, comorbidities, and the presence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the immunosuppressive treatment for it, highlighting the risks of COVID-19 in such patients. publishersversion Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aasman, Susan; Brügger, Niels; Clavert, Frédéric; de Wild, Karin; Gebeil, Sophie; Schafer, Valérie; Sirajzade, Joshgun;
    Publisher: International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC), netpreserveblog.wordpress.com
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Horie, Norio;
    Publisher: GPJS(Tohoku University)
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chua, Lauryn Zhi En;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    For the past two years, the world experienced a global pandemic caused by the infectious Covid-19 disease, stemming from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). When the virus reached the shores of Singapore, various measures were put in place to minimize the transmission rates in public settings. One such safety measure included the use of a spray-on disinfecting coating on high-touchpoint surfaces like the lift panels in housing flats. One of the disinfectants was called SDST and was marketed to have self-disinfecting properties. However, no scientific publications were produced to justify its claims. A previous FYP study that tested the effectiveness of the SDST disinfectant against repetitive loadings of bacteria was unable to strongly establish its efficiency due to unreliable findings. The study suggested that the method of testing contributed to the flawed results and therefore advised a different sampling and analysis method to be utilized instead. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of SDST as a disinfectant by measuring its disinfection efficiency under different conditions. E. coli bacteria was used as a substitute of the Covid-19 virus due to safety and accessibility reasons. Using stainless-steel plates of the same grade as lift panels, E. coli suspensions at different growth phase and concentrations were attached to the plates and left to dry. Wiping of the plates were performed at varying intervals of every day, every 3 days, and every 7 days. The ATP (adenosine triphosphate) test method was then used to collect and analyze samples. The overall result presented averages of 90% disinfection efficiency for daily wiping conditions and 80% for weekly wiping conditions. Cleaning frequency of once a day was proposed according to the results of this study. Bachelor of Engineering (Civil)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pumpure, Elizabete; Jakovicka, Dārta; Mariani, Ilaria; Vaska, Agnija; Covi, Benedetta; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Jansone-Šantare, Gita; Knoka, Anna Regīna; Vilcāne, Katrīna Paula; Rezeberga, Dace; +2 more
    Country: Latvia

    Funding Information: This research was supported by the Ministry of Health, Rome—Italy, in collaboration with the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste, Italy. We are grateful to the women who dedicated their time to complete this survey. We would like to thank Riga Stradins University and all professional organizations who helped with promotional activities. Special thanks to the IMAgiNE EURO study group for their contribution to the development of this project and support for this manuscript. Funding Information: This research was supported by the Ministry of Health, Rome—Italy, in collaboration with the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste, Italy. We are grateful to the women who dedicated their time to complete this survey. We would like to thank Riga Stradins University and all professional organizations who helped with promotional activities. Special thanks to the IMAgiNE EURO study group for their contribution to the development of this project and support for this manuscript. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Objective: To investigate women's perspectives on the quality of maternal and newborn care (QMNC) around the time of childbirth during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latvia, comparing the years 2020 and 2021, among women who went into labor or had a prelabor cesarean. Methods: Women giving birth in healthcare facilities in Latvia from March 1, 2020, to October 28, 2021, answered an online questionnaire including 40 WHO standards-based quality measures. Descriptive and multivariate quantile regression analyses were performed to compare QMNC in 2020 and 2021. Results: 2079 women were included in the analysis: 1860 women who went into labor (group 1) and 219 with prelabor cesarean (group 2). Among group 1, 66.4% (n = 99/149) of women received fundal pressure in an instrumental vaginal birth, 43.5% (n = 810) lacked involvement in choices, 17.4% (n = 317) reported suffering abuse, 32.7% (n = 609) reported inadequate breastfeeding support while 5.2% (n = 96) lack of early breastfeeding. A significant reduction in QMNC due to the COVID-19 pandemic was reported by 29.5% (n = 219) and 25.0% (n = 270) of respondents in 2020 and 2021, respectively (P = 0.045). Multivariate analyses highlighted a significantly lower QMNC index for 2020 compared with 2021 (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This first study investigating QMNC in Latvia showed significant gaps in QMNC perceived by respondents, with slightly better results in 2021. Appropriate healthcare strategies to improve health care for women and newborns in Latvia are required. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:NCT04847336. publishersversion Peer reviewed

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
7,915 Research products, page 1 of 792
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Barth, Theodor;
    Publisher: KHiO
    Country: Norway

    Three files: tales (mostly in English), images and writing exercises. The stories compiled in the attachment are called stories of nothing, as they are built from coincidences and are based on real events: as they happened, they were slippery and difficult to remember. With the work of time—and practice—they became stories: picked up, linked to events and occasionally come with some advice. Like in Walter Benjamin’s essay on Nikolai Leskov—the Storyteller—the stories eschew the premises of journalism and of authoring. In his words, the crafts constitute the home of a higher level of storytelling. Since they deal with coincidence the stories of Nothing are connected to Surrealism, as explained by André Breton and Paul Eluard (Minotaure). In some sense they oppose the Hidden Hand of Liberalism, with the Hidden Hand of History: as necessity finds its way through desire and dream to display in coincidence. A number of the attached stories the events utfolder as though there was a hidden film director at work, and the story teller became unwittingly involved and tangled in a movie take. Of course, there was no such thing, which is why they are called stories of nothing. At the bottom of the coloumn of files to the left, the reader will also find some writing exercises, that will help to prepare her for stories like these. It takes som effort and toil to get there, but in the end they will yield to writing. The stories were compiled in the early days of the Covid 19 pandemic, on a FB group support page called Mora til Herman. It closed, as the pandemic progressed, the 23rd april 2020. The definition of DESIGN used here, determines a two-tiered process of 1) pathfinding and 2) goalseeking, through sustain trail and search of mark-making (writing or drawing) that hatches when the two tiers start to converge/coincide. Design searches and queries between what never works and what always works: it explores the slim possibilities in between, in quest of moving from a current situation to a preferred one (Herbert Simon).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ang, Zi Xuan;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    The maritime industry is indispensable to many countries as trade represents the lifeblood of many economies across the globe, including Singapore. Due to economies of scale, sea transport is highly employed for trades, transporting over 80% of the world’s trade by volume. The maritime industry is of high economic importance in Singapore, accounting for 7% of the nation’s Gross Domestic Production (GDP). In a world increasingly characterized by volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity (VUCA), the Sea Transport Industry Transformation Map (ITM) was launched in 2018, with a refreshed version released in 2022 in an endeavour to safeguard the competitiveness of Singapore’s maritime industry. A few unprecedented global events have taken place since 2018. In particular, Covid-19 upturned the world and brought forth the “new normal”, which includes an increased focus on sustainability, digitalisation, and work-life balance. From the Sea Transport ITM, developing a future-ready maritime workforce is one of Singapore’s key strategies and it involves attracting, retaining, and retraining talent. Based on current literature, it is only possible to gather the various talent initiatives developed by the different government bodies in response to the ITM and the industry's general need to attract, retain and upskill talent. As such, the research gaps with regards to Singapore’s maritime talent strategy include the current state of the maritime industry and whether maritime companies are putting in similar efforts to attract, retain and upskill talent. To gain insights into the industry’s current state of attracting, retaining, and retraining talent including other realistic issues overlooked, surveys and interviews were carried out to gather quantitative and qualitative data. Primary research efforts revealed that the overall push factor of the maritime industry is more than its pull factor. In addition, the government generally puts in more effort to attract talent into the industry than the companies but there are often limitations. Other issues uncovered include the word of mouth as a double-edged sword in attracting talent, low employee engagement by companies in retaining talent, the limited support provided by companies in retraining talent and people’s lack of awareness of the Maritime Port Authority (MPA) co-funding schemes for them to utilise in their training. The most challenging aspect of developing a future-ready maritime workforce is aligning the maritime companies with Maritime Singapore's vision as some companies may have tunnel vision. Companies also have the autonomy to decide on the extent they will contribute to a future-ready maritime workforce in Singapore. Hence, the study suggests establishing a maritime association to provide more direct support for all maritime stakeholders and a multilateral synergy model to remind the industry of the interdependence of the three key maritime strategies – sustainability, digitalisation and talent. Overall, maritime companies must and will need to generate more value. Bachelor of Science (Maritime Studies)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lee, Jacob Zong Wei;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    Singapore is a country known for importing most of their food with over 90% imported. However, the past few years has taught us that food security is something that can be changed drastically quickly. From lockdown restrictions thru COVID 19 to war breaking out between Russia and Ukraine, it has hindered the global food exports and affected us. This highlights the importance to strengthen our local food production. In addition, land space in Singapore is limited and not much area can be used for companies to grow local produces. Area used in housing is the highest which can be a solution to increase food production. In this project, we will be looking at the current innovation and technologies available in indoor planting and ways we could improve in them to fit into our everyday lives. With the usage of sensors and processors plus data to analyze plant growth. Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical Engineering)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Teo, Ee Lin;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    The COVID-19 pandemic has increased consumers’ reliance on online food delivery (OFD) platforms, a trend that is expected to continue even after the pandemic. The surge in OFD orders has resulted in OFD platforms facing some difficulty in keeping up with the demand. Furthermore, if more labour regulations are imposed on the OFD industry, OFD platforms possibly face a more challenging business environment due to their reliance on freelance riders to provide delivery services. Thus, OFD platforms must remain adaptable and consider further promoting the use of self pick-up as a viable alternative to delivery. This will allow OFD platforms to diversify their service offerings and meet the growing demand for OFD services in the future. This report aims to address the use of self pick-up on OFD platforms, a topic that has not been widely studied in existing literature. By exploring the key factors which influence customers to use self pick-up over door-to-door delivery on OFD platforms in Singapore, suggestions can be made to improve the self pick-up customer experience and encourage its adoption. A qualitative method of data collection was employed where semi-structured interviews were conducted with OFD platform users to gain first-hand insights into the preferences of OFD platform users. An analysis of the interview responses using inductive thematic analysis revealed three key factors that influence customers to use self pick-up on OFD platforms in Singapore: convenience, price, and greater control. These insights contribute to research in the OFD sector since an enhanced understanding of customer preferences will allow OFD platforms to gain insights on how to better encourage their users to opt for self pick-up. Further research can be done to explore alternative last-mile delivery options such as self pick-up from smart lockers. Bachelor of Science (Maritime Studies)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anna Pascual Reguant; Ronja Mothes; Helena Radbruch; Anja E. Hauser;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Clinical Data Table containing all relevant information for the COVID-19 study performed, in particular COVID-19 disease duration (which was used to stratify the lung samples analyzed by multiplexed histology and spatial transcriptomics) and presence of SARS-CoV-2 viral particles.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sokolovska, Liba; Terentjeva-Decuka, Anna; Cistjakovs, Maksims; Nora-Krukle, Zaiga; Gravelsina, Sabine; Vilmane, Anda; Vecvagare, Katrine; Murovska, Modra;
    Country: Latvia

    © 2022. The Author(s). BACKGROUND: The risk of developing severe and even fatal coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) increases with various factors such as advanced age and chronic diseases, especially those treated with immunosuppressive drugs. Viral ribonucleic acid (RNA) and viral load detection in extra-pulmonary specimens have been proposed to indicate disease severity. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we describe a fatal COVID-19 case of an 83-year-old Caucasian male patient with various underlying comorbidities, including cardiovascular and autoimmune disorders, as well as immunosuppression due to lymphoma treatment. Upon admission, the patient was radiologically diagnosed with severe COVID-19. The patient was febrile and presented with diarrhea, continued dyspnea, tachypnea, and low blood oxygen saturation, treated with high-concentration oxygen supplementation and antibacterial therapy. Overall the patient was treated for COVID-19 for 19 days. Blood tests were performed upon admission, on the fifth, 10th, 13th, and 19th day. In addition, nasopharyngeal swab, blood, urine, and fecal samples were collected from the patient on the 14th day for virological and immunological investigations. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was detectable in all samples collected from this patient, including blood plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), with very high viral loads. However, neither virus-specific IgA, IgM, nor IgG antibodies were detectable. CONCLUSIONS: The various cardiovascular, autoimmune, and oncological disorders, advanced age, and the high levels of inflammatory markers predisposed the patient to severe COVID-19 and determined the fatal outcome of the disease. We believe that the multiple specimen SARS-CoV-2 positivity and extremely high viral loads in nasopharyngeal swab and fecal samples to be the result of COVID-19 severity, the inability of viral clearance and weakened immune response due to advanced age, comorbidities, and the presence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the immunosuppressive treatment for it, highlighting the risks of COVID-19 in such patients. publishersversion Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aasman, Susan; Brügger, Niels; Clavert, Frédéric; de Wild, Karin; Gebeil, Sophie; Schafer, Valérie; Sirajzade, Joshgun;
    Publisher: International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC), netpreserveblog.wordpress.com
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Horie, Norio;
    Publisher: GPJS(Tohoku University)
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chua, Lauryn Zhi En;
    Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
    Country: Singapore

    For the past two years, the world experienced a global pandemic caused by the infectious Covid-19 disease, stemming from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). When the virus reached the shores of Singapore, various measures were put in place to minimize the transmission rates in public settings. One such safety measure included the use of a spray-on disinfecting coating on high-touchpoint surfaces like the lift panels in housing flats. One of the disinfectants was called SDST and was marketed to have self-disinfecting properties. However, no scientific publications were produced to justify its claims. A previous FYP study that tested the effectiveness of the SDST disinfectant against repetitive loadings of bacteria was unable to strongly establish its efficiency due to unreliable findings. The study suggested that the method of testing contributed to the flawed results and therefore advised a different sampling and analysis method to be utilized instead. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of SDST as a disinfectant by measuring its disinfection efficiency under different conditions. E. coli bacteria was used as a substitute of the Covid-19 virus due to safety and accessibility reasons. Using stainless-steel plates of the same grade as lift panels, E. coli suspensions at different growth phase and concentrations were attached to the plates and left to dry. Wiping of the plates were performed at varying intervals of every day, every 3 days, and every 7 days. The ATP (adenosine triphosphate) test method was then used to collect and analyze samples. The overall result presented averages of 90% disinfection efficiency for daily wiping conditions and 80% for weekly wiping conditions. Cleaning frequency of once a day was proposed according to the results of this study. Bachelor of Engineering (Civil)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pumpure, Elizabete; Jakovicka, Dārta; Mariani, Ilaria; Vaska, Agnija; Covi, Benedetta; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Jansone-Šantare, Gita; Knoka, Anna Regīna; Vilcāne, Katrīna Paula; Rezeberga, Dace; +2 more
    Country: Latvia

    Funding Information: This research was supported by the Ministry of Health, Rome—Italy, in collaboration with the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste, Italy. We are grateful to the women who dedicated their time to complete this survey. We would like to thank Riga Stradins University and all professional organizations who helped with promotional activities. Special thanks to the IMAgiNE EURO study group for their contribution to the development of this project and support for this manuscript. Funding Information: This research was supported by the Ministry of Health, Rome—Italy, in collaboration with the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste, Italy. We are grateful to the women who dedicated their time to complete this survey. We would like to thank Riga Stradins University and all professional organizations who helped with promotional activities. Special thanks to the IMAgiNE EURO study group for their contribution to the development of this project and support for this manuscript. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Objective: To investigate women's perspectives on the quality of maternal and newborn care (QMNC) around the time of childbirth during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latvia, comparing the years 2020 and 2021, among women who went into labor or had a prelabor cesarean. Methods: Women giving birth in healthcare facilities in Latvia from March 1, 2020, to October 28, 2021, answered an online questionnaire including 40 WHO standards-based quality measures. Descriptive and multivariate quantile regression analyses were performed to compare QMNC in 2020 and 2021. Results: 2079 women were included in the analysis: 1860 women who went into labor (group 1) and 219 with prelabor cesarean (group 2). Among group 1, 66.4% (n = 99/149) of women received fundal pressure in an instrumental vaginal birth, 43.5% (n = 810) lacked involvement in choices, 17.4% (n = 317) reported suffering abuse, 32.7% (n = 609) reported inadequate breastfeeding support while 5.2% (n = 96) lack of early breastfeeding. A significant reduction in QMNC due to the COVID-19 pandemic was reported by 29.5% (n = 219) and 25.0% (n = 270) of respondents in 2020 and 2021, respectively (P = 0.045). Multivariate analyses highlighted a significantly lower QMNC index for 2020 compared with 2021 (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This first study investigating QMNC in Latvia showed significant gaps in QMNC perceived by respondents, with slightly better results in 2021. Appropriate healthcare strategies to improve health care for women and newborns in Latvia are required. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:NCT04847336. publishersversion Peer reviewed