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410 Research products

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  • Authors: Renaud, Thomas; Arnault, Louis; Jusot, Florence;

    Collection "Données, Numérique, Santé en Société"; Le projet européen SHARE (Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) a mis en œuvre, à l’été 2020 puis à l’été 2021, deux enquêtes spécifiques relatives à la pandémie auprès du panel de répondants habituellement sollicité tous les deux ans dans le cadre de l’enquête conventionnelle SHARE. Ces enquêtes SHARE-Corona v1 et v2 ont ainsi permis de suivre l’impact de la pandémie de Covid-19 sur les conditions de vie et de santé des Français et des Européens de 50 ans et plus, à court et à moyen terme. À l’été 2021, plus de 11 % d’entre eux avaient probablement déjà contracté le Covid-19, en France comme en Europe, et près des deux tiers déclaraient ressentir encore des symptômes persistants s’apparentant à des « Covid longs ». Bien que les tests de dépistage du Covid-19 aient été globalement disponibles et encouragés par les politiques publiques, seule une personne de 50 ans et plus sur deux avait déjà réalisé un test de dépistage du Covid-19 à l’été 2021.La majorité des répondants avait adopté des comportements de prévention du Covid-19 conformes aux recommandations dès le début de l’épidémie. À l’été 2020, plus de 80 % des européens disaient « toujours » veiller à se laver ou désinfecter les mains, près de deux tiers d’entre eux respectaient « toujours » le port du masque et/ou les règles de distanciation physique, et un répondant sur deux avait suivi scrupuleusement les injonctions à réduire ses interactions sociales en bannissant les visites à l’extérieur du ménage ou les réunions avec 5 personnes ou plus. Si le respect des gestes-barrières s’était légèrement érodé à l’été 2021, la couverture vaccinale contre le Covid-19 était déjà importante à cette date, avec près de 85 % des panélistes ayant reçu au moins une dose, cette proportion augmentant avec l’âge. En France, 40 % de ceux qui n’étaient pas vaccinés se déclaraient opposés à la vaccination contre le Covid-19.Au cours de la période, un tiers des personnes enquêtées se sont senties tristes, anxieuses, ont connu des troubles du sommeil ou se sont senties seules et environ 20 % d’entre elles ont connu des difficultés à équilibrer leur budget. Ces proportions ne sont toutefois pas supérieures à celles observées dans les enquêtes SHARE traditionnelles, suggérant que les personnes de 50 ans et plus n’ont pas connu de dégradation notable de leur sentiment de solitude, de leurs symptômes dépressifs ou de leur situation financière pendant la crise sanitaire.Les pics de l’épidémie et les réorganisations induites dans les systèmes de soins ont généré de nouvelles difficultés pour accéder aux soins. Depuis le début de la pandémie de Covid-19, environ une personne sur dix déclare avoir renoncé à recourir à des soins par peur de la contamination, en France comme dans toute l’Europe. Une proportion identique de répondants déclare avoir fait face au moins une fois à l’impossibilité d’obtenir un rendez-vous médical. Les répondants ont enfin subi des annulations et reports de soins, particulièrement massifs lors de la première vague épidémique : plus d'un répondant sur trois déclarait alors avoir eu au moins un soin ou un rendez-vous médical reporté. En France, seuls 60 % de ces besoins de soins non couverts avaient pu être rattrapés à l’été 2021, avec un non-rattrapage des soins particulièrement marqué chez les hommes de moins de 65 ans.

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  • Authors: Blomberg, Niklas; Willems, Marieke; Martin, Corinne S.; Smith, Andy; +7 Authors

    This Policy Brief presents preliminary results from the BY-COVID project as part of its comprehensive, sustainable and evidence-informed plan to effectively promote and improve FAIR (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability) and open data sharing in support for European preparedness for COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. The Brief also places the project and its results in the context of the upcoming EOSC Partnership, the development of the European Health Data Space (EHDS) and the European Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Authority (HERA).Policy paper in brief Authors: Niklas Blomberg (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0003-4155-5910, Marieke Willems (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0001-9664-6225, Corinne S. Martin (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0002-5428-2766, Andy Smith (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0002-6025-9271, Elaine Harrison (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0003-1149-2242, Carazo, Jose-Maria (CNB-CSIC) ORCID: 0000-0003-0788-8447, Enrique Bernal-Delgado (IACS) ORCID: 0000-0002-0961-3298, Iris van Dam (ScienSano) ORCID: 0000-0002-3965-6184, Romain David (ERINHA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4073-7456, Patricia M. Palagi (SIB) ORCID: 0000-0001-9062-6303, Martina Draščić Capar (CESSDA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8848-3008; As seen during the COVID-19 pandemic, and other infectious disease outbreaks, researchers, health care professionals and "citizens (in terms of consent to share)" need to store, document, share, access, analyse, link and process research and clinical data across disciplines and national borders in a coordinated response. Like other infectious disease outbreaks, such as haemorrhagic fevers (e.g. cholera), COVID-19 will remain a societal challenge beyond the immediate outbreak, considering its destructive and disruptive impact on healthcare systems and the global economy. In addition to SARS-CoV-2, the pathogen at the source of COVID-19, the risk from other emerging pathogens also persists, which will require similar concerted action to identify and characterise infections with pandemic potential, and enable rapid public health action to mitigate health and societal impacts. Provision of comprehensive open data on infectious agents and related diseases during outbreaks supports evidence-based decision-making across scientific, medical, public health and policy domains and promotes reproducibility of research outcomes. European readiness for future pandemics is of utmost importance, and whilst preparedness for such eventualities requires provisions for e.g. rapid vaccine production and public procurement for personal protective equipment - far outside the scope of BY-COVID - the ‘open data’ aspects is a key component that should be addressed to ensure the preparedness of infrastructure as part of existing frameworks such as the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). Contributing to enhance data sharing and utility for streamlined local to global public health decision-making and action, as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a key objective in the Global genomic surveillance strategy. In pandemic times, the mobilisation of raw viral sequences and the identification and monitoring the spread of SARS-CoV-2 variants is particularly important. The BeYond-COVID (BY-COVID) project was funded by the European Union under the call “FAIR and open data sharing in support to European preparedness for COVID-19 and other infectious diseases” (HORIZON-INFRA-2021-EMERGENCY-01) and will run until 2024, to make COVID-19 data accessible to research scientists and others such as medical staff in hospitals or government officials. The world has generated vast amounts of data in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and is still generating more. This data comes from many different sources, and identifying, connecting and integrating it for effective analysis is challenging on many fronts.

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  • Authors: Rozée, Virginie; Schantz, Clémence;
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  • Authors: Coriat, Benjamin; Orsi, Fabienne; Alessandrini, Jean, François; Boulet, Pascale; +1 Authors

    During the Covid 19 Pandemic, there have been countless calls for the creation of “global public goods” or “global commons” issued by a variety of actors with sometimes diametrically opposed views, as if the two notions had the same meaning.And indeed, even today these notions are still often used as synonyms and interchangeable, leading to an amalgamation of concepts. The meaning and implications of using one notion or other notion (global public good, global commons) is never examined.We believe that, contrary to the dominant view, it is urgent to put an end to this confusion which is not only of a semantic order and has huge economic and social implications.In this article, we start by recalling what constitutes the notion of “Global Public Good” and by extension the content of what can be called the GPG approach (section 1). Then, by difference we present the notion of common good and the commons based approach (section 2). Finally, in a concluding section, we present some of the most significant initiatives taken during the covid-19 pandemic, designed and deployed to producing and distributing health products as common goods (section 3). Our overall ambition being to highlight that the deployment of the commons based approach that we are calling for, is not a utopia, as it is already moving on.

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  • Authors: Le Marcis, Frédéric; Tousignant, Noémi; Tantchou, Josiane, Carine;

    "Ce numéro de la revue Global Africa est consacré à la réception de l'épidémie de Covid-19 sur le continent, aux enjeux sanitaires, sécuritaires et à la traduction locale des politiques épidémiques globales. Il rassemble les contributions d'anthropologues, de sociologues, d'historiens, et d'artistes traitant tous du rapport de l'Afrique à la viralité (virus, mesures de confinement, discours)"

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  • Authors: Weiss, Pierre-Olivier; Alì, Maurizio;

    Présentation d'ouvrage sur l'éducation pendant la COVID-19 dans les marges symboliques, politiques et sociales. Ouvrage dirigé par Pierre-Olivier Weiss et Maurizio Alì.; Confinement, educational continuity, distance education... With the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the daily life of families, students, teachers, learners and educators around the world has been disrupted, especially in certain peripheral contexts, less visible and less publicized, but also more vulnerable. This book presents a critical and comprehensive overview of studies of education in times of pandemic in these fringe realities: overseas and post-colonial territories (in Africa, Oceania, and the Americas), indigenous and rural communities, LGBTQIA+ groups, prisons, minorities, and so-called sensitive neighborhoods. Throughout the crisis, these margins have proven to be both incubators of innovation and spaces of demand, exposing the weaknesses and fragilities of national education systems and the global governance system of education.; Confinement, continuité pédagogique, éducation à distance… Avec la crise sanitaire provoquée par la pandémie de COVID-19, partout dans le monde la vie quotidienne des familles, des élèves, des enseignants, des apprenants et des éducateurs a été bouleversée, notamment dans certains contextes périphériques, moins visibles et moins médiatisés, mais aussi plus vulnérables. Cet ouvrage présente un panorama critique et global des études sur l’éducation en temps de pandémie dans ces réalités à la marge : les territoires ultramarins et postcoloniaux (en Afrique, en Océanie et dans les Amériques), les communautés autochtones et rurales, les groupes LGBTQIA+, les prisons, les minorités et les quartiers dits sensibles. Tout au long de la crise, ces marges se sont révélées à la fois des incubateurs d’innovations et des espaces de revendication, en dévoilant les faiblesses et les fragilités des systèmes éducatifs nationaux et du système de gouvernance planétaire de l’éducation.

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  • Authors: Trapp, Sascha; Thoulouze, M.-I.;

    https://cordis.europa.eu/article/id/442241-unleashing-the-research-potential-of-high-containment-animal-facilities; The current pandemic has confirmed what scientists have long known. Accelerating the pace of research and knowledge acquisition on high-risk pathogens – highly infectious, highly pathogenic or both – is fundamental to our security. Uncontrolled infectious disease outbreaks have a global impact on lives, livelihoods, economies and healthcare systems.Understanding the workings of these pathogens is critical to prevention and containment of disease spread. However, exactly because these pathogens are high risk, they must be studied in specialised high-containment facilities, of which there are a relatively limited number globally. The EU-funded VetBioNet project has established a multidisciplinary network to reinforce cooperation among Europe’s leading high-containment animal facilities, enhance technical capacities and services and offer free-of-charge access.

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  • Authors: Yoo, Sinjae; Sicre, Marie-Alexandrine; Myers, Paul G.; Laufkoetter, Charlotte; +1 Authors

    Contributors; Sinjae Yoo, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Paul Myers, Charlotte Laufkoetter, PatriciaMiloslavich (SCOR), Clement Brousse, Radhey Shyam Goyal, Debdas Ray, Alexander Fekete, Li Li, AnjaScheffers, Timothy Adivilah Balag'kutu, Zhangcai Qin, Montserrat Koloffon Rosas (Future Earth),IMBeR Scientific Steering Committee, Avit Bhowmik (Karlstad University), Bob Webb (AustralianNational University), Magdalena Stoeva (International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences inMedicine (IUPESM), Marcelo Knobel, Roberto Lent (Brazilian Academy of Sciences), Paul ArthurBerkman (UNITAR), Paulo S. R. Diniz, Roberto Schaeffer (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), WFEO:Elizabeth G. King, Amy L. Brooks, Jose Vieira, Gong Ke, Marlene Kanga, William Kelly, K. N. Gunalan.; Position paper of the Scientific and technological community major group position paper for the 2022 high-level political forum Building back better from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; The Scientific and Technological Community Major Group, jointly facilitated by the International Science Council and the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), submitted a position paper for the upcoming 2022 High-Level Political Forum (HLPF), which will be held on 5-15 July. The theme of the HLPF this year is “Building back better from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.

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  • Authors: Caliendo, Giuditta;

    The initial stage of the COVID-19 vaccine rollout has been slow-moving and marred by supply disruptions in the EU. These problems have triggered severe criticism toward the institutions and highlighted a stark contrast compared to Britain’s vaccination campaign, which, at the beginning of 2021, was one of the fastest in the continent. In the ensuing debate between the EU and the UK on their uneven vaccination rates, the Brexit argument has been repeatedly invoked: Some political commentators have argued that the reason why COVID-19 vaccination campaign could run so smoothly in Britain is that the country was not held back by the EU’s slow approval process. This paper observes the way in which Britain emphasized its blistering vaccination pace to deflect criticism against Brexit. From a discursive perspective, Britain’s vaccine success was used to vindicate the Brexit project, providing a new argument in favour of its indispensable and timely nature. At the other end of a binary rhetoric, the EU officials attempted to shatter confidence in the ‘British vaccine’, while also depositing blame on other factors triggering the EU’s delay, such as the shortage of pharmaceutical supplies. The analytical part of this paper foregrounds strategies of discursive legitimation to observe how, and to what extent, the Brexit debate is being reshaped in UK and EU media by looking at a corpus of political tweets. The rhetorical strategies adopted by UK political leaders and EU officials to (de)legitimise national and supranational choices with reference to the COVID-19 vaccination campaign are observed through the lens of Critical Discourse Analysis as it embraces the idea that discursive acts are in dialectical relation to the social and institutional structures in which they are framed.

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  • Authors: Le Goff, Joan; Meigel, Julie;
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410 Research products
  • Authors: Renaud, Thomas; Arnault, Louis; Jusot, Florence;

    Collection "Données, Numérique, Santé en Société"; Le projet européen SHARE (Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) a mis en œuvre, à l’été 2020 puis à l’été 2021, deux enquêtes spécifiques relatives à la pandémie auprès du panel de répondants habituellement sollicité tous les deux ans dans le cadre de l’enquête conventionnelle SHARE. Ces enquêtes SHARE-Corona v1 et v2 ont ainsi permis de suivre l’impact de la pandémie de Covid-19 sur les conditions de vie et de santé des Français et des Européens de 50 ans et plus, à court et à moyen terme. À l’été 2021, plus de 11 % d’entre eux avaient probablement déjà contracté le Covid-19, en France comme en Europe, et près des deux tiers déclaraient ressentir encore des symptômes persistants s’apparentant à des « Covid longs ». Bien que les tests de dépistage du Covid-19 aient été globalement disponibles et encouragés par les politiques publiques, seule une personne de 50 ans et plus sur deux avait déjà réalisé un test de dépistage du Covid-19 à l’été 2021.La majorité des répondants avait adopté des comportements de prévention du Covid-19 conformes aux recommandations dès le début de l’épidémie. À l’été 2020, plus de 80 % des européens disaient « toujours » veiller à se laver ou désinfecter les mains, près de deux tiers d’entre eux respectaient « toujours » le port du masque et/ou les règles de distanciation physique, et un répondant sur deux avait suivi scrupuleusement les injonctions à réduire ses interactions sociales en bannissant les visites à l’extérieur du ménage ou les réunions avec 5 personnes ou plus. Si le respect des gestes-barrières s’était légèrement érodé à l’été 2021, la couverture vaccinale contre le Covid-19 était déjà importante à cette date, avec près de 85 % des panélistes ayant reçu au moins une dose, cette proportion augmentant avec l’âge. En France, 40 % de ceux qui n’étaient pas vaccinés se déclaraient opposés à la vaccination contre le Covid-19.Au cours de la période, un tiers des personnes enquêtées se sont senties tristes, anxieuses, ont connu des troubles du sommeil ou se sont senties seules et environ 20 % d’entre elles ont connu des difficultés à équilibrer leur budget. Ces proportions ne sont toutefois pas supérieures à celles observées dans les enquêtes SHARE traditionnelles, suggérant que les personnes de 50 ans et plus n’ont pas connu de dégradation notable de leur sentiment de solitude, de leurs symptômes dépressifs ou de leur situation financière pendant la crise sanitaire.Les pics de l’épidémie et les réorganisations induites dans les systèmes de soins ont généré de nouvelles difficultés pour accéder aux soins. Depuis le début de la pandémie de Covid-19, environ une personne sur dix déclare avoir renoncé à recourir à des soins par peur de la contamination, en France comme dans toute l’Europe. Une proportion identique de répondants déclare avoir fait face au moins une fois à l’impossibilité d’obtenir un rendez-vous médical. Les répondants ont enfin subi des annulations et reports de soins, particulièrement massifs lors de la première vague épidémique : plus d'un répondant sur trois déclarait alors avoir eu au moins un soin ou un rendez-vous médical reporté. En France, seuls 60 % de ces besoins de soins non couverts avaient pu être rattrapés à l’été 2021, avec un non-rattrapage des soins particulièrement marqué chez les hommes de moins de 65 ans.

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  • Authors: Blomberg, Niklas; Willems, Marieke; Martin, Corinne S.; Smith, Andy; +7 Authors

    This Policy Brief presents preliminary results from the BY-COVID project as part of its comprehensive, sustainable and evidence-informed plan to effectively promote and improve FAIR (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability) and open data sharing in support for European preparedness for COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. The Brief also places the project and its results in the context of the upcoming EOSC Partnership, the development of the European Health Data Space (EHDS) and the European Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Authority (HERA).Policy paper in brief Authors: Niklas Blomberg (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0003-4155-5910, Marieke Willems (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0001-9664-6225, Corinne S. Martin (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0002-5428-2766, Andy Smith (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0002-6025-9271, Elaine Harrison (ELIXIR) ORCID: 0000-0003-1149-2242, Carazo, Jose-Maria (CNB-CSIC) ORCID: 0000-0003-0788-8447, Enrique Bernal-Delgado (IACS) ORCID: 0000-0002-0961-3298, Iris van Dam (ScienSano) ORCID: 0000-0002-3965-6184, Romain David (ERINHA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4073-7456, Patricia M. Palagi (SIB) ORCID: 0000-0001-9062-6303, Martina Draščić Capar (CESSDA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8848-3008; As seen during the COVID-19 pandemic, and other infectious disease outbreaks, researchers, health care professionals and "citizens (in terms of consent to share)" need to store, document, share, access, analyse, link and process research and clinical data across disciplines and national borders in a coordinated response. Like other infectious disease outbreaks, such as haemorrhagic fevers (e.g. cholera), COVID-19 will remain a societal challenge beyond the immediate outbreak, considering its destructive and disruptive impact on healthcare systems and the global economy. In addition to SARS-CoV-2, the pathogen at the source of COVID-19, the risk from other emerging pathogens also persists, which will require similar concerted action to identify and characterise infections with pandemic potential, and enable rapid public health action to mitigate health and societal impacts. Provision of comprehensive open data on infectious agents and related diseases during outbreaks supports evidence-based decision-making across scientific, medical, public health and policy domains and promotes reproducibility of research outcomes. European readiness for future pandemics is of utmost importance, and whilst preparedness for such eventualities requires provisions for e.g. rapid vaccine production and public procurement for personal protective equipment - far outside the scope of BY-COVID - the ‘open data’ aspects is a key component that should be addressed to ensure the preparedness of infrastructure as part of existing frameworks such as the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). Contributing to enhance data sharing and utility for streamlined local to global public health decision-making and action, as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a key objective in the Global genomic surveillance strategy. In pandemic times, the mobilisation of raw viral sequences and the identification and monitoring the spread of SARS-CoV-2 variants is particularly important. The BeYond-COVID (BY-COVID) project was funded by the European Union under the call “FAIR and open data sharing in support to European preparedness for COVID-19 and other infectious diseases” (HORIZON-INFRA-2021-EMERGENCY-01) and will run until 2024, to make COVID-19 data accessible to research scientists and others such as medical staff in hospitals or government officials. The world has generated vast amounts of data in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and is still generating more. This data comes from many different sources, and identifying, connecting and integrating it for effective analysis is challenging on many fronts.

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  • Authors: Rozée, Virginie; Schantz, Clémence;
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  • Authors: Coriat, Benjamin; Orsi, Fabienne; Alessandrini, Jean, François; Boulet, Pascale; +1 Authors

    During the Covid 19 Pandemic, there have been countless calls for the creation of “global public goods” or “global commons” issued by a variety of actors with sometimes diametrically opposed views, as if the two notions had the same meaning.And indeed, even today these notions are still often used as synonyms and interchangeable, leading to an amalgamation of concepts. The meaning and implications of using one notion or other notion (global public good, global commons) is never examined.We believe that, contrary to the dominant view, it is urgent to put an end to this confusion which is not only of a semantic order and has huge economic and social implications.In this article, we start by recalling what constitutes the notion of “Global Public Good” and by extension the content of what can be called the GPG approach (section 1). Then, by difference we present the notion of common good and the commons based approach (section 2). Finally, in a concluding section, we present some of the most significant initiatives taken during the covid-19 pandemic, designed and deployed to producing and distributing health products as common goods (section 3). Our overall ambition being to highlight that the deployment of the commons based approach that we are calling for, is not a utopia, as it is already moving on.

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  • Authors: Le Marcis, Frédéric; Tousignant, Noémi; Tantchou, Josiane, Carine;

    "Ce numéro de la revue Global Africa est consacré à la réception de l'épidémie de Covid-19 sur le continent, aux enjeux sanitaires, sécuritaires et à la traduction locale des politiques épidémiques globales. Il rassemble les contributions d'anthropologues, de sociologues, d'historiens, et d'artistes traitant tous du rapport de l'Afrique à la viralité (virus, mesures de confinement, discours)"

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  • Authors: Weiss, Pierre-Olivier; Alì, Maurizio;

    Présentation d'ouvrage sur l'éducation pendant la COVID-19 dans les marges symboliques, politiques et sociales. Ouvrage dirigé par Pierre-Olivier Weiss et Maurizio Alì.; Confinement, educational continuity, distance education... With the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the daily life of families, students, teachers, learners and educators around the world has been disrupted, especially in certain peripheral contexts, less visible and less publicized, but also more vulnerable. This book presents a critical and comprehensive overview of studies of education in times of pandemic in these fringe realities: overseas and post-colonial territories (in Africa, Oceania, and the Americas), indigenous and rural communities, LGBTQIA+ groups, prisons, minorities, and so-called sensitive neighborhoods. Throughout the crisis, these margins have proven to be both incubators of innovation and spaces of demand, exposing the weaknesses and fragilities of national education systems and the global governance system of education.; Confinement, continuité pédagogique, éducation à distance… Avec la crise sanitaire provoquée par la pandémie de COVID-19, partout dans le monde la vie quotidienne des familles, des élèves, des enseignants, des apprenants et des éducateurs a été bouleversée, notamment dans certains contextes périphériques, moins visibles et moins médiatisés, mais aussi plus vulnérables. Cet ouvrage présente un panorama critique et global des études sur l’éducation en temps de pandémie dans ces réalités à la marge : les territoires ultramarins et postcoloniaux (en Afrique, en Océanie et dans les Amériques), les communautés autochtones et rurales, les groupes LGBTQIA+, les prisons, les minorités et les quartiers dits sensibles. Tout au long de la crise, ces marges se sont révélées à la fois des incubateurs d’innovations et des espaces de revendication, en dévoilant les faiblesses et les fragilités des systèmes éducatifs nationaux et du système de gouvernance planétaire de l’éducation.

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  • Authors: Trapp, Sascha; Thoulouze, M.-I.;

    https://cordis.europa.eu/article/id/442241-unleashing-the-research-potential-of-high-containment-animal-facilities; The current pandemic has confirmed what scientists have long known. Accelerating the pace of research and knowledge acquisition on high-risk pathogens – highly infectious, highly pathogenic or both – is fundamental to our security. Uncontrolled infectious disease outbreaks have a global impact on lives, livelihoods, economies and healthcare systems.Understanding the workings of these pathogens is critical to prevention and containment of disease spread. However, exactly because these pathogens are high risk, they must be studied in specialised high-containment facilities, of which there are a relatively limited number globally. The EU-funded VetBioNet project has established a multidisciplinary network to reinforce cooperation among Europe’s leading high-containment animal facilities, enhance technical capacities and services and offer free-of-charge access.

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  • Authors: Yoo, Sinjae; Sicre, Marie-Alexandrine; Myers, Paul G.; Laufkoetter, Charlotte; +1 Authors

    Contributors; Sinjae Yoo, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Paul Myers, Charlotte Laufkoetter, PatriciaMiloslavich (SCOR), Clement Brousse, Radhey Shyam Goyal, Debdas Ray, Alexander Fekete, Li Li, AnjaScheffers, Timothy Adivilah Balag'kutu, Zhangcai Qin, Montserrat Koloffon Rosas (Future Earth),IMBeR Scientific Steering Committee, Avit Bhowmik (Karlstad University), Bob Webb (AustralianNational University), Magdalena Stoeva (International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences inMedicine (IUPESM), Marcelo Knobel, Roberto Lent (Brazilian Academy of Sciences), Paul ArthurBerkman (UNITAR), Paulo S. R. Diniz, Roberto Schaeffer (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), WFEO:Elizabeth G. King, Amy L. Brooks, Jose Vieira, Gong Ke, Marlene Kanga, William Kelly, K. N. Gunalan.; Position paper of the Scientific and technological community major group position paper for the 2022 high-level political forum Building back better from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; The Scientific and Technological Community Major Group, jointly facilitated by the International Science Council and the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), submitted a position paper for the upcoming 2022 High-Level Political Forum (HLPF), which will be held on 5-15 July. The theme of the HLPF this year is “Building back better from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.

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  • Authors: Caliendo, Giuditta;

    The initial stage of the COVID-19 vaccine rollout has been slow-moving and marred by supply disruptions in the EU. These problems have triggered severe criticism toward the institutions and highlighted a stark contrast compared to Britain’s vaccination campaign, which, at the beginning of 2021, was one of the fastest in the continent. In the ensuing debate between the EU and the UK on their uneven vaccination rates, the Brexit argument has been repeatedly invoked: Some political commentators have argued that the reason why COVID-19 vaccination campaign could run so smoothly in Britain is that the country was not held back by the EU’s slow approval process. This paper observes the way in which Britain emphasized its blistering vaccination pace to deflect criticism against Brexit. From a discursive perspective, Britain’s vaccine success was used to vindicate the Brexit project, providing a new argument in favour of its indispensable and timely nature. At the other end of a binary rhetoric, the EU officials attempted to shatter confidence in the ‘British vaccine’, while also depositing blame on other factors triggering the EU’s delay, such as the shortage of pharmaceutical supplies. The analytical part of this paper foregrounds strategies of discursive legitimation to observe how, and to what extent, the Brexit debate is being reshaped in UK and EU media by looking at a corpus of political tweets. The rhetorical strategies adopted by UK political leaders and EU officials to (de)legitimise national and supranational choices with reference to the COVID-19 vaccination campaign are observed through the lens of Critical Discourse Analysis as it embraces the idea that discursive acts are in dialectical relation to the social and institutional structures in which they are framed.

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  • Authors: Le Goff, Joan; Meigel, Julie;
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