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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Haapio, Hannele;

    The business landscape is changing faster than ever, causing uncertainty and unpredictability for firms across industries. Recently, uncertainty has been driven by several remarkable external forces, such as, trade barriers, digitalization, and the global pandemic (i.e., COVID-19). Consequently, companies have been under pressure to rapidly adapt their strategies and business models in an evolving business landscape that is characterized by increasing uncertainty. Research has investigated the causes of uncertainty and demonstrated its implications for organizational behavior, business models, and operational processes. Researchers have also offered several theoretical concepts and models that offer guidance for managing uncertainty. However, the vast majority of studies approach this phenomenon from a specific perspective, providing knowledge on what types of resources, capabilities, organizational culture, structure, or processes are needed to address uncertainty. This dissertation takes a multidimensional perspective to provide a more holistic view of how firms successfully address uncertainty. Specifically, by building on the concepts of market orientation, effectuation, and dynamic capabilities, this dissertation investigates the role of strategic orientation, decision-making logic, and capabilities in firms’ efforts to navigate uncertainty. The dissertation adopts a qualitative research strategy; the empirical data are based on 40 managerial interviews representing different firm sizes and industries. The main findings of the dissertation show that a quick and agile response to market changes requires a strong market orientation, which is manifested in the active collection, sharing and utilization of market information in decision-making. Effectual decision-making logic, in turn, contributes to an organization’s dynamic capability to sense market changes, capture them quickly, and make the necessary changes to an organization’s structures and processes. In addition, the company's customer focus became a significant resource in times of uncertainty. The dissertation contributes to the literature by providing a multidimensional framework for managing uncertainty and identifying a number of managerially relevant activities within each dimension that, when combined, can help firms successfully navigate uncertainty.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Jyväskylä University...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Jyväskylä University...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Costa, Carlos; Quintela, Joana; Antunes, Joaquim Gonçalves;

    The immediate consequences of coronavirus pandemic on tourism sector, triggered significant paradigm shifts on demand and also in the value of healthand healthcare as synonymous of security in tourist destinations, conditioning its image, promotion and the economic development of the territories. This special issue is focused on the challenges and opportunities prompted by this new reality in the specific field of Health and Wellness Tourism,concerning its impacts on related businesses and in worldwide destinations that has a solid tradition related with Thermal Baths, Spas and even withMedical services and facilities regarding tourist purposes. The importance of this approach is due to the fact this kind of Tourism figures as an important factor for the sustainable management of local communitiesand for the promotion of tourist destinations, contributing to the preservation and conservation of natural and even cultural heritage at the regional level.The aim of this special issue is to present the management and marketing strategies, development opportunities, innovative solutions and good practicesexamples that may outcome from these challenging circumstances, presenting full papers, case studies and research reports, based on a sustainabilityperspective. These approaches are developed in literature, regarding different contexts and countries, constituting a solid body of research on the topic.Sheldon and Park (2009) and Voigt and Pforr (2014) made an approach to wellness in a destination perspective, considering different implications fordestination development, management and competitiveness (Prideaux et al., 2014; Smith & Puczkó, 2014), the sustainable regional development(Pechlaner et al., 2014; Wray & Weiler, 2014) and introducing the concept of health region (Pforr et el., 2014). Also Peris-Ortiz & Álvarez-García (2015)analysed Health and Wellness Tourism as an important market segment, analysing it in different dimensions through several European case studies aboutregional development and innovative strategies on Thermalism (Araújo et al., 2015; Costa, Quintela & Mendes, 2015; Joukes & Costa, 2015). In whatconcerns to the actual context of coronavirus pandemic, Berini (2020) organized a sum of different studies regarding the impacts on Tourism and travelsector (Keller, 2020; Richards, 2020), focusing on marketing strategies during Covid-19 sanitary crisis (Andreini & Mangiò, 2020), on the sustainabilitydimension (Holden, 2020; Wells, 2020; Bougleux, 2020) and also forecasting behaviours and social impacts of this phenomenon (Peretta, 2020; Alberti &Perrotta, 2020; Heuwinkel, 2020). Health and Wellness Tourism has been an important factor for the economic development of territories, for the sustainable management of localcommunities and for the promotion of tourist destinations, contributing to the preservation and conservation of natural and even cultural heritage.Considering the importance and ancient tradition of Health and Wellness Tourism in many European (Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Portugal,Turkey, Spain) and worldwide countries (Australia, Canada, Chile, India, Peru, Thailand, United States) mainly due to their richness and abundance of hotsprings, it figures demanding to analyse the economic impacts of Coronavirus pandemic in this activity. Bearing in mind the shift on Health and Healthcareparadigms, figuring as synonymous of security in tourist destinations, conditioning its image, promotion and development, this special issue is focused onthe sustainability challenges and opportunities this new reality is designing in the specific field of Health and Wellness Tourism. info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Repositório da Unive...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Handayani, K.; Filatova, T.;

    The Paris Agreement calls for universal action to tackle climate change. Accordingly, countries have laid out their climate mitigation pledges and strategies on their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Most of the submitted NDCs include climate actions in the energy sector as a part of a national strategies in achieving their Paris climate targets. This paper assesses the alignment of the Indonesian power sector's pathway with its Paris Agreement targets. Furthermore, we analyze the role of climate change mitigation in the power sector to Indonesia's SDGs targets. We also identify how Covid-19 might affect the power sector development and subsequently the sector's contribution to NDC. We review the literature and energy sector's publications and apply the SDG interaction framework developed by Nilsson et.al. (2016) for our analysis. Our results indicate how the power sector's pathway contributes to both NDC and SDGs targets.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NARCISarrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ NARCISarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Uygulamalı Bilimler Fakültesi;

    Organized by Istanbul Gelisim University Applied Sciences Faculty, the International Congress of Applied Social Sciences will be held between March 10-11, 2022. The main purpose of the International Congress of Applied Social Sciences is to present the original academic studies in the field of social sciences in order to create collaborative work environments by sharing and creating original ideas among scientists. Within the congress centered around the Sustainability concept, theoretical and applied studies of social sciences, economics, and environment will be considered. It is assumed that the theoretical and conceptual discussion of the meaning of the sustainability concept, which is one of the significant concepts of the 21st century and the future, for the field of applied social sciences, and the raising awareness through theoretical and applied studies will contribute to scientific progress. Aimed to reach new knowledge with the contributions of valuable scientists who are experts in their fields, the congress will be held both face-to-face and online. We are honored to invite all scientists working in the fields of Social Sciences to the International Congress of Applied Social Sciences.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IGU Institutional Op...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IGU Institutional Op...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao

    Background: Our March 2021 edition of this review showed thoracic imaging computed tomography (CT) to be sensitive and moderately specific in diagnosing COVID-19 pneumonia. This new edition is an update of the review. Objectives: Our objectives were to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic imaging in people with suspected COVID-19; assess the rate of positive imaging in people who had an initial reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) negative result and a positive RT-PCR result on follow-up; and evaluate the accuracy of thoracic imaging for screening COVID-19 in asymptomatic individuals. The secondary objective was to assess threshold effects of index test positivity on accuracy. Search methods: We searched the COVID-19 Living Evidence Database from the University of Bern, the Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register, The Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library, and repositories of COVID-19 publications through to 17 February 2021. We did not apply any language restrictions. Selection criteria: We included diagnostic accuracy studies of all designs, except for case-control, that recruited participants of any age group suspected to have COVID-19. Studies had to assess chest CT, chest X-ray, or ultrasound of the lungs for the diagnosis of COVID-19, use a reference standard that included RT-PCR, and report estimates of test accuracy or provide data from which we could compute estimates. We excluded studies that used imaging as part of the reference standard and studies that excluded participants with normal index test results. Data collection and analysis: The review authors independently and in duplicate screened articles, extracted data and assessed risk of bias and applicability concerns using QUADAS-2. We presented sensitivity and specificity per study on paired forest plots, and summarized pooled estimates in tables. We used a bivariate meta-analysis model where appropriate. Main results: We included 98 studies in this review. Of these, 94 were included for evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic imaging in the evaluation of people with suspected COVID-19. Eight studies were included for assessing the rate of positive imaging in individuals with initial RT-PCR negative results and positive RT-PCR results on follow-up, and 10 studies were included for evaluating the accuracy of thoracic imaging for imagining asymptomatic individuals. For all 98 included studies, risk of bias was high or unclear in 52 (53%) studies with respect to participant selection, in 64 (65%) studies with respect to reference standard, in 46 (47%) studies with respect to index test, and in 48 (49%) studies with respect to flow and timing. Concerns about the applicability of the evidence to: participants were high or unclear in eight (8%) studies; index test were high or unclear in seven (7%) studies; and reference standard were high or unclear in seven (7%) studies. Imaging in people with suspected COVID-19. We included 94 studies. Eighty-seven studies evaluated one imaging modality, and seven studies evaluated two imaging modalities. All studies used RT-PCR alone or in combination with other criteria (for example, clinical signs and symptoms, positive contacts) as the reference standard for the diagnosis of COVID-19. For chest CT (69 studies, 28285 participants, 14,342 (51%) cases), sensitivities ranged from 45% to 100%, and specificities from 10% to 99%. The pooled sensitivity of chest CT was 86.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 83.6 to 89.6), and pooled specificity was 78.3% (95% CI 73.7 to 82.3). Definition for index test positivity was a source of heterogeneity for sensitivity, but not specificity. Reference standard was not a source of heterogeneity. For chest X-ray (17 studies, 8529 participants, 5303 (62%) cases), the sensitivity ranged from 44% to 94% and specificity from 24 to 93%. The pooled sensitivity of chest X-ray was 73.1% (95% CI 64. to -80.5), and pooled specificity was 73.3% (95% CI 61.9 to 82.2). Definition for index test positivity was not found to be a source of heterogeneity. Definition for index test positivity and reference standard were not found to be sources of heterogeneity. For ultrasound of the lungs (15 studies, 2410 participants, 1158 (48%) cases), the sensitivity ranged from 73% to 94% and the specificity ranged from 21% to 98%. The pooled sensitivity of ultrasound was 88.9% (95% CI 84.9 to 92.0), and the pooled specificity was 72.2% (95% CI 58.8 to 82.5). Definition for index test positivity and reference standard were not found to be sources of heterogeneity. Indirect comparisons of modalities evaluated across all 94 studies indicated that chest CT and ultrasound gave higher sensitivity estimates than X-ray (P = 0.0003 and P = 0.001, respectively). Chest CT and ultrasound gave similar sensitivities (P=0.42). All modalities had similar specificities (CT versus X-ray P = 0.36; CT versus ultrasound P = 0.32; X-ray versus ultrasound P = 0.89). Imaging in PCR-negative people who subsequently became positive. For rate of positive imaging in individuals with initial RT-PCR negative results, we included 8 studies (7 CT, 1 ultrasound) with a total of 198 participants suspected of having COVID-19, all of whom had a final diagnosis of COVID-19. Most studies (7/8) evaluated CT. Of 177 participants with initially negative RT-PCR who had positive RT-PCR results on follow-up testing, 75.8% (95% CI 45.3 to 92.2) had positive CT findings. Imaging in asymptomatic PCR-positive people. For imaging asymptomatic individuals, we included 10 studies (7 CT, 1 X-ray, 2 ultrasound) with a total of 3548 asymptomatic participants, of whom 364 (10%) had a final diagnosis of COVID-19. For chest CT (7 studies, 3134 participants, 315 (10%) cases), the pooled sensitivity was 55.7% (95% CI 35.4 to 74.3) and the pooled specificity was 91.1% (95% CI 82.6 to 95.7). Authors' conclusions: Chest CT and ultrasound of the lungs are sensitive and moderately specific in diagnosing COVID-19. Chest X-ray is moderately sensitive and moderately specific in diagnosing COVID-19. Thus, chest CT and ultrasound may have more utility for ruling out COVID-19 than for differentiating SARS-CoV-2 infection from other causes of respiratory illness. The uncertainty resulting from high or unclear risk of bias and the heterogeneity of included studies limit our ability to confidently draw conclusions based on our results.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao NARCISarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Other ORP type . 2022
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      Other ORP type . 2022
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    Authors: Prabhakaran, Dorairaj; Singh, Kavita; Kondal, Dimple; Raspail, Lana; +32 Authors

    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.5334/gh.1128.].

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    Authors: Zabielaitė-Skirmantė, Miglė; Burinskienė, Marija; Vida Maliene;

    The lack of public spaces, recreational areas, and sports facilities in older city neighborhoods, as well as the importance of people’s social and economic well-being, have been exposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Revitalization is used to update the physical environment of old neighborhoods; it improves not only the physical environment of the neighborhood, but also contributes to ensuring the social and economic well-being of the residents. The article aims to identify which typical revitalization project solutions, only referring to physical environmental improvement projects, improve the social and economic well-being of the residents. To achieve this goal, a statistical analysis of the Žirmūnai triangle residents was performed with obtained survey data. The hypothesized connections between typical revitalization solutions and changes in the social and economic well-being of the population were verified using Pearson’s Chi-Square test. The results showed that the public spaces, sports, and playgrounds provided by revitalization were directly related to the social and economic well-being of the residents. As a result of this typical revitalization solution, 17% of the residents experienced an improvement in their economic well-being, 17% of the residents got to know their neighbors, and 95% of the residents indicated that they enjoy living in the neighborhood

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    Authors: Owens, Andrew P.; Ballard, Clive; Beigi, Mazda; Kalafatis, Chris; +7 Authors

    Social isolation is likely to be recommended for older adults due to COVID-19, with ongoing reduced clinical contact suggested for this population. This has increased the need for remote memory clinics, we therefore review the literature, current practices and guidelines on organizing such remote memory clinics, focusing on assessment of cognition, function and other relevant measurements, proposing a novel pathway based on three levels of complexity: simple telephone or video-based interviews and testing using available tests (Level 1), digitized and validated methods based on standard pen-and-paper tests and scales (Level 2), and finally fully digitized cognitive batteries and remote measurement technologies (RMTs, Level 3). Pros and cons of these strategies are discussed. Remotely collected data negates the need for frail patients or carers to commute to clinic and offers valuable insights into progression over time, as well as treatment responses to therapeutic interventions, providing a more realistic and contextualized environment for data-collection. Notwithstanding several challenges related to internet access, computer skills, limited evidence base and regulatory and data protection issues, digital biomarkers collected remotely have significant potential for diagnosis and symptom management in older adults and we propose a framework and pathway for how technologies can be implemented to support remote memory clinics. These platforms are also well-placed for administration of digital cognitive training and other interventions. The individual, societal and public/private costs of COVID-19 are high and will continue to rise for some time but the challenges the pandemic has placed on memory services also provides an opportunity to embrace novel approaches. Remote memory clinics’ financial, logistical, clinical and practical benefits have been highlighted by COVID-19, supporting their use to not only be maintained when social distancing legislation is lifted but to be devoted extra resources and attention to fully potentiate this valuable arm of clinical assessment and care.

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  • Authors: Erokhin, D.;

    The COVID-19 pandemic, an unexpected event with strong and long-lasting consequences, led to increased uncertainty among investors and collapses in commodities and financial markets. However, while some investors pulled their capital out and sold assets, others bought them back at low prices. Although less volatile, the foreign direct investment (FDI) market was also hit hard. Against this background, this paper explores the effect of the pandemic on Chinese FDI in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries that are strategically important to China. The paper uses the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Statistical Bulletins of China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment, the OECD.Stat FDI data, and the China Global Investment Tracker. The paper finds that the pandemic did not have a negative impact on Chinese outward FDI to the CEE countries. The structure of Chinese outward FDI to the CEE countries changed in favor of more indirect FDI. Moreover, the paper shows that there are still huge discrepancies between the IMF data and the Chinese national statistics, which suggests that further work in the direction of statistical harmonization is necessary. As for the future of Chinese investment in the region, the paper anticipates China’s continued strategic interest in the region with increasing competition from other geopolitical centers.

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    Authors: Haapio, Hannele;

    The business landscape is changing faster than ever, causing uncertainty and unpredictability for firms across industries. Recently, uncertainty has been driven by several remarkable external forces, such as, trade barriers, digitalization, and the global pandemic (i.e., COVID-19). Consequently, companies have been under pressure to rapidly adapt their strategies and business models in an evolving business landscape that is characterized by increasing uncertainty. Research has investigated the causes of uncertainty and demonstrated its implications for organizational behavior, business models, and operational processes. Researchers have also offered several theoretical concepts and models that offer guidance for managing uncertainty. However, the vast majority of studies approach this phenomenon from a specific perspective, providing knowledge on what types of resources, capabilities, organizational culture, structure, or processes are needed to address uncertainty. This dissertation takes a multidimensional perspective to provide a more holistic view of how firms successfully address uncertainty. Specifically, by building on the concepts of market orientation, effectuation, and dynamic capabilities, this dissertation investigates the role of strategic orientation, decision-making logic, and capabilities in firms’ efforts to navigate uncertainty. The dissertation adopts a qualitative research strategy; the empirical data are based on 40 managerial interviews representing different firm sizes and industries. The main findings of the dissertation show that a quick and agile response to market changes requires a strong market orientation, which is manifested in the active collection, sharing and utilization of market information in decision-making. Effectual decision-making logic, in turn, contributes to an organization’s dynamic capability to sense market changes, capture them quickly, and make the necessary changes to an organization’s structures and processes. In addition, the company's customer focus became a significant resource in times of uncertainty. The dissertation contributes to the literature by providing a multidimensional framework for managing uncertainty and identifying a number of managerially relevant activities within each dimension that, when combined, can help firms successfully navigate uncertainty.

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    Authors: Costa, Carlos; Quintela, Joana; Antunes, Joaquim Gonçalves;

    The immediate consequences of coronavirus pandemic on tourism sector, triggered significant paradigm shifts on demand and also in the value of healthand healthcare as synonymous of security in tourist destinations, conditioning its image, promotion and the economic development of the territories. This special issue is focused on the challenges and opportunities prompted by this new reality in the specific field of Health and Wellness Tourism,concerning its impacts on related businesses and in worldwide destinations that has a solid tradition related with Thermal Baths, Spas and even withMedical services and facilities regarding tourist purposes. The importance of this approach is due to the fact this kind of Tourism figures as an important factor for the sustainable management of local communitiesand for the promotion of tourist destinations, contributing to the preservation and conservation of natural and even cultural heritage at the regional level.The aim of this special issue is to present the management and marketing strategies, development opportunities, innovative solutions and good practicesexamples that may outcome from these challenging circumstances, presenting full papers, case studies and research reports, based on a sustainabilityperspective. These approaches are developed in literature, regarding different contexts and countries, constituting a solid body of research on the topic.Sheldon and Park (2009) and Voigt and Pforr (2014) made an approach to wellness in a destination perspective, considering different implications fordestination development, management and competitiveness (Prideaux et al., 2014; Smith & Puczkó, 2014), the sustainable regional development(Pechlaner et al., 2014; Wray & Weiler, 2014) and introducing the concept of health region (Pforr et el., 2014). Also Peris-Ortiz & Álvarez-García (2015)analysed Health and Wellness Tourism as an important market segment, analysing it in different dimensions through several European case studies aboutregional development and innovative strategies on Thermalism (Araújo et al., 2015; Costa, Quintela & Mendes, 2015; Joukes & Costa, 2015). In whatconcerns to the actual context of coronavirus pandemic, Berini (2020) organized a sum of different studies regarding the impacts on Tourism and travelsector (Keller, 2020; Richards, 2020), focusing on marketing strategies during Covid-19 sanitary crisis (Andreini & Mangiò, 2020), on the sustainabilitydimension (Holden, 2020; Wells, 2020; Bougleux, 2020) and also forecasting behaviours and social impacts of this phenomenon (Peretta, 2020; Alberti &Perrotta, 2020; Heuwinkel, 2020). Health and Wellness Tourism has been an important factor for the economic development of territories, for the sustainable management of localcommunities and for the promotion of tourist destinations, contributing to the preservation and conservation of natural and even cultural heritage.Considering the importance and ancient tradition of Health and Wellness Tourism in many European (Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Portugal,Turkey, Spain) and worldwide countries (Australia, Canada, Chile, India, Peru, Thailand, United States) mainly due to their richness and abundance of hotsprings, it figures demanding to analyse the economic impacts of Coronavirus pandemic in this activity. Bearing in mind the shift on Health and Healthcareparadigms, figuring as synonymous of security in tourist destinations, conditioning its image, promotion and development, this special issue is focused onthe sustainability challenges and opportunities this new reality is designing in the specific field of Health and Wellness Tourism. info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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    Authors: Handayani, K.; Filatova, T.;

    The Paris Agreement calls for universal action to tackle climate change. Accordingly, countries have laid out their climate mitigation pledges and strategies on their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Most of the submitted NDCs include climate actions in the energy sector as a part of a national strategies in achieving their Paris climate targets. This paper assesses the alignment of the Indonesian power sector's pathway with its Paris Agreement targets. Furthermore, we analyze the role of climate change mitigation in the power sector to Indonesia's SDGs targets. We also identify how Covid-19 might affect the power sector development and subsequently the sector's contribution to NDC. We review the literature and energy sector's publications and apply the SDG interaction framework developed by Nilsson et.al. (2016) for our analysis. Our results indicate how the power sector's pathway contributes to both NDC and SDGs targets.

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    Authors: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Uygulamalı Bilimler Fakültesi;

    Organized by Istanbul Gelisim University Applied Sciences Faculty, the International Congress of Applied Social Sciences will be held between March 10-11, 2022. The main purpose of the International Congress of Applied Social Sciences is to present the original academic studies in the field of social sciences in order to create collaborative work environments by sharing and creating original ideas among scientists. Within the congress centered around the Sustainability concept, theoretical and applied studies of social sciences, economics, and environment will be considered. It is assumed that the theoretical and conceptual discussion of the meaning of the sustainability concept, which is one of the significant concepts of the 21st century and the future, for the field of applied social sciences, and the raising awareness through theoretical and applied studies will contribute to scientific progress. Aimed to reach new knowledge with the contributions of valuable scientists who are experts in their fields, the congress will be held both face-to-face and online. We are honored to invite all scientists working in the fields of Social Sciences to the International Congress of Applied Social Sciences.

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    Background: Our March 2021 edition of this review showed thoracic imaging computed tomography (CT) to be sensitive and moderately specific in diagnosing COVID-19 pneumonia. This new edition is an update of the review. Objectives: Our objectives were to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic imaging in people with suspected COVID-19; assess the rate of positive imaging in people who had an initial reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) negative result and a positive RT-PCR result on follow-up; and evaluate the accuracy of thoracic imaging for screening COVID-19 in asymptomatic individuals. The secondary objective was to assess threshold effects of index test positivity on accuracy. Search methods: We searched the COVID-19 Living Evidence Database from the University of Bern, the Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register, The Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library, and repositories of COVID-19 publications through to 17 February 2021. We did not apply any language restrictions. Selection criteria: We included diagnostic accuracy studies of all designs, except for case-control, that recruited participants of any age group suspected to have COVID-19. Studies had to assess chest CT, chest X-ray, or ultrasound of the lungs for the diagnosis of COVID-19, use a reference standard that included RT-PCR, and report estimates of test accuracy or provide data from which we could compute estimates. We excluded studies that used imaging as part of the reference standard and studies that excluded participants with normal index test results. Data collection and analysis: The review authors independently and in duplicate screened articles, extracted data and assessed risk of bias and applicability concerns using QUADAS-2. We presented sensitivity and specificity per study on paired forest plots, and summarized pooled estimates in tables. We used a bivariate meta-analysis model where appropriate. Main results: We included 98 studies in this review. Of these, 94 were included for evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic imaging in the evaluation of people with suspected COVID-19. Eight studies were included for assessing the rate of positive imaging in individuals with initial RT-PCR negative results and positive RT-PCR results on follow-up, and 10 studies were included for evaluating the accuracy of thoracic imaging for imagining asymptomatic individuals. For all 98 included studies, risk of bias was high or unclear in 52 (53%) studies with respect to participant selection, in 64 (65%) studies with respect to reference standard, in 46 (47%) studies with respect to index test, and in 48 (49%) studies with respect to flow and timing. Concerns about the applicability of the evidence to: participants were high or unclear in eight (8%) studies; index test were high or unclear in seven (7%) studies; and reference standard were high or unclear in seven (7%) studies. Imaging in people with suspected COVID-19. We included 94 studies. Eighty-seven studies evaluated one imaging modality, and seven studies evaluated two imaging modalities. All studies used RT-PCR alone or in combination with other criteria (for example, clinical signs and symptoms, positive contacts) as the reference standard for the diagnosis of COVID-19. For chest CT (69 studies, 28285 participants, 14,342 (51%) cases), sensitivities ranged from 45% to 100%, and specificities from 10% to 99%. The pooled sensitivity of chest CT was 86.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 83.6 to 89.6), and pooled specificity was 78.3% (95% CI 73.7 to 82.3). Definition for index test positivity was a source of heterogeneity for sensitivity, but not specificity. Reference standard was not a source of heterogeneity. For chest X-ray (17 studies, 8529 participants, 5303 (62%) cases), the sensitivity ranged from 44% to 94% and specificity from 24 to 93%. The pooled sensitivity of chest X-ray was 73.1% (95% CI 64. to -80.5), and pooled specificity was 73.3% (95% CI 61.9 to 82.2). Definition for index test positivity was not found to be a source of heterogeneity. Definition for index test positivity and reference standard were not found to be sources of heterogeneity. For ultrasound of the lungs (15 studies, 2410 participants, 1158 (48%) cases), the sensitivity ranged from 73% to 94% and the specificity ranged from 21% to 98%. The pooled sensitivity of ultrasound was 88.9% (95% CI 84.9 to 92.0), and the pooled specificity was 72.2% (95% CI 58.8 to 82.5). Definition for index test positivity and reference standard were not found to be sources of heterogeneity. Indirect comparisons of modalities evaluated across all 94 studies indicated that chest CT and ultrasound gave higher sensitivity estimates than X-ray (P = 0.0003 and P = 0.001, respectively). Chest CT and ultrasound gave similar sensitivities (P=0.42). All modalities had similar specificities (CT versus X-ray P = 0.36; CT versus ultrasound P = 0.32; X-ray versus ultrasound P = 0.89). Imaging in PCR-negative people who subsequently became positive. For rate of positive imaging in individuals with initial RT-PCR negative results, we included 8 studies (7 CT, 1 ultrasound) with a total of 198 participants suspected of having COVID-19, all of whom had a final diagnosis of COVID-19. Most studies (7/8) evaluated CT. Of 177 participants with initially negative RT-PCR who had positive RT-PCR results on follow-up testing, 75.8% (95% CI 45.3 to 92.2) had positive CT findings. Imaging in asymptomatic PCR-positive people. For imaging asymptomatic individuals, we included 10 studies (7 CT, 1 X-ray, 2 ultrasound) with a total of 3548 asymptomatic participants, of whom 364 (10%) had a final diagnosis of COVID-19. For chest CT (7 studies, 3134 participants, 315 (10%) cases), the pooled sensitivity was 55.7% (95% CI 35.4 to 74.3) and the pooled specificity was 91.1% (95% CI 82.6 to 95.7). Authors' conclusions: Chest CT and ultrasound of the lungs are sensitive and moderately specific in diagnosing COVID-19. Chest X-ray is moderately sensitive and moderately specific in diagnosing COVID-19. Thus, chest CT and ultrasound may have more utility for ruling out COVID-19 than for differentiating SARS-CoV-2 infection from other causes of respiratory illness. The uncertainty resulting from high or unclear risk of bias and the heterogeneity of included studies limit our ability to confidently draw conclusions based on our results.

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    Authors: Prabhakaran, Dorairaj; Singh, Kavita; Kondal, Dimple; Raspail, Lana; +32 Authors

    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.5334/gh.1128.].

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    Authors: Zabielaitė-Skirmantė, Miglė; Burinskienė, Marija; Vida Maliene;

    The lack of public spaces, recreational areas, and sports facilities in older city neighborhoods, as well as the importance of people’s social and economic well-being, have been exposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Revitalization is used to update the physical environment of old neighborhoods; it improves not only the physical environment of the neighborhood, but also contributes to ensuring the social and economic well-being of the residents. The article aims to identify which typical revitalization project solutions, only referring to physical environmental improvement projects, improve the social and economic well-being of the residents. To achieve this goal, a statistical analysis of the Žirmūnai triangle residents was performed with obtained survey data. The hypothesized connections between typical revitalization solutions and changes in the social and economic well-being of the population were verified using Pearson’s Chi-Square test. The results showed that the public spaces, sports, and playgrounds provided by revitalization were directly related to the social and economic well-being of the residents. As a result of this typical revitalization solution, 17% of the residents experienced an improvement in their economic well-being, 17% of the residents got to know their neighbors, and 95% of the residents indicated that they enjoy living in the neighborhood

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