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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Taghiyeva, Aida; Çınar, Celal; Oran, İsmail;

    Akut inme bulgularıyla hastaneye başvuran COVİD-19’ lu bir hastada servikal internal karotis arter ve intrakranial arteriyel yatakta (orta serebral arter M2 segmenti) akut tromboembolinin BT anjiografi bulguları sunulmuştur.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ege University Insti...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ege University Insti...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü;

    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on social sciences was evaluated. Evaluating the issue, Asst. Prof. Viktoriia Demydova says, “Changes in housework, child care, elderly care and quarantine have increased the mental health needs of female faculty members and reduced the time allocated for academic studies.” When the applications made to Istanbul Gelisim University Journal of Social Sciences between the years 2021-2022 on the effects of COVID-19 on the activities of researchers are examined, it can be observed that the Covid-19 pandemic period had a remarkable effect.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IGU Institutional Op...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IGU Institutional Op...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/

    Patients with chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure and hypertension have an increased risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related death. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAS) blockers are commonly prescribed to decrease morbidity and mortality in these conditions. Following the pre-clinical demonstration of COVID-19 viral entry into cells via angiotensin-converting enzyme-2, the use of RAS blockers was questioned in infected individuals. Theodorakopoulou et al. extensively review the pathophysiology behind that hypothesis and observational or clinical trials on RAS blockers and COVID-19. Despite being a scientific hot spot of an ongoing debate, discontinuation of RAS blockers is not associated with improved clinical outcomes in COVID-19 and may have potential harmful effects, including exacerbation of the underlying disease. NA

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Koç University Suna ...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Koç University Suna ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ertürk Beyter, Merve;

    Background: Celiac disease is an enteropathy that occurs as a result of the consumption of gluten-containing foods in individuals with a genetic predisposition, and its treatment is a lifelong gluten-free diet. Due to COVID-19, a global pandemic was declared by WHO on March 11, 2020, and as a result, curfews were applied in our country. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of restrictive measures applied during the COVID-19 pandemic on children's adherence to the gluten-free diet. Method: The research was carried out in Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Fifty patients between the ages of 2 and 18 who were diagnosed with celiac disease and followed a gluten-free diet for at least 2 years were included in the study. Demographic data of the cases, body weight, height, body mass index values and standard deviation scores, tTG-IgA levels before and during the pandemic were recorded from the outpatient follow-up files and the hospital data system. Patients with serologically tTG-IgA levels above 20 U/ml were considered to have dietary compliance problems. A questionnaire was prepared verbally questioning the patients' compliance with the gluten-free diet and the factors that may affect it during the pandemic period. This questionnaire was filled in face to face during the outpatient follow-ups and with telephone interviews. Results: In our study, 31 (62%) of 50 celiac patients were female and 19 (38%) were male. The mean age at diagnosis is 11,93 ± 4,06 years. The three most common complaints at the time of diagnosis were growth retardation (56%), abdominal pain (46%), and diarrhea (36%). When our patients were evaluated anthropometrically before and after the pandemic; A statistically significant increase was found in body weight SDSs (p=0.006). A significant increase was found in height SDSs (p=0.01). There was an increase in BMI SDSs, but it was not statistically significant (p>0.05). While 64% of patients had negative tTG-IgA antibodies before the pandemic, this rate decreased to 56% during the pandemic, but no statistically significant difference was found (p=0.07). When dietary compliance was questioned verbally, 49 patients in our sample reported that they adhered to the diet before and after the pandemic. When the degree of adherence to the diet was questioned, 37 patients stated that they always adhered to the diet before and after the pandemic. When the tTG-IgA levels of these patients were compared before and after the pandemic, it was observed that there was an increase in antibody levels, but no statistically significant difference was found. This showed that the patient's statement was unreliable. When the frequency of eating out was questioned, a statistically significant decrease was observed during the pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period (p=0.001). There was a decrease in the monthly income of the families during the pandemic, which was statistically significant (p=0.04). Before and during the pandemic, 45 patients stated that they had difficulty in supplying gluten-free food. While the most common reasons for this difficulty before the pandemic were that gluten-free products were expensive and not available in every market, the concern of being infected with COVID-19 and curfew were added to these during the pandemic. Conclusion: During the pandemic, there was an increase in the body weight and height SDS of the patients. This increase does not support the serological response. This suggests that the occurrence of inflammation and intestinal damage requires longer follow-up, and the time between pre-pandemic and pre-pandemic control examinations may be insufficient. Giriş: Çölyak hastalığı, genetik yatkınlığı olan bireylerde glüten içeren yiyeceklerin tüketilmesi sonucu ortaya çıkan bir enteropatidir ve tedavisi ömür boyu sürecek glütensiz diyettir. COVID-19 nedeniyle 11 Mart 2020’de DSÖ tarafından küresel pandemi ilan edilmiştir ve bunun sonucunda ülkemizde sokağa çıkma kısıtlamaları uygulanmıştır. Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı COVID-19 pandemisi sırasında uygulanan kısıtlayıcı önlemlerin çocukların glütensiz diyete uyumları üzerine etkilerinin değerlendirilmesidir. Yöntem: Araştırma Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Pediatrik Gastroenteroloji, Hepatoloji ve Beslenme Bilim Dalında yapıldı. Çölyak hastalığı tanısı almış ve en az 2 yıl süreyle glütensiz diyet uygulayan 2-18 yaş aralığındaki 50 hasta çalışmaya dahil edildi. Olguların demografik verileri, pandemi öncesindeki ve pandemi sırasındaki vücut ağırlığı, boy, vücut kitle indeksi değerleri ve standart deviasyon skorları, tTG-IgA düzeyleri poliklinik izlem dosyalarından ve hastane veri sisteminden kaydedildi. Serolojik olarak tTG-IgA düzeyi 20 U/ml’nin üstünde olan hastaların diyete uyum sorunu olduğu kabul edildi. Hastaların glütensiz diyete uyumunu ve pandemi döneminde buna etki edebilecek faktörleri sözel olarak sorgulayan bir anket düzenlendi. Bu anket formu hastaların poliklinik izlemlerinde yüz yüze ve telefon görüşmesiyle dolduruldu. Bulgular: Çalışmamızda 50 çölyaklı olgunun 31’si (%62) kız, 19’i (%38) erkek idi. Ortalama yaşı 11,93 ± 4,06 yıldır. Tanı anındaki en sık üç yakınma büyüme geriliği (%56), karın ağrısı (%46), ishal (%36) idi. Hastalarımız antropometrik olarak pandemi öncesi ve sonrası değerlendirildiğinde; vücut ağırlığı SDS’lerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı artış saptandı (p=0,006). Boy SDS’lerinde anlamlı artış bulundu (p=0,01). VKİ SDS’lerinde artış olduğu görüldü fakat istatistiksel olarak anlamlı değildi (p>0,05). Pandemi öncesi %64 hastanın tTG-IgA antikoru negatifken bu oran pandemi sırasında %56’ya düşmüştü, ancak istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark saptanmadı (p=0,07). Diyete uyum sözel olarak sorgulandığında örneklemimizdeki 49 hasta pandemiden önce ve sonra diyete uyduğunu bildirdi. Diyete uyum derecesi sorgulandığında 37 hasta pandemiden önce ve sonra diyete daima uyduğunu belirtti. Bu hastaların pandemi öncesi ve sonrası tTG-IgA düzeyleri kıyaslandığında antikor düzeylerinde artış olduğu görüldü fakat istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark saptanmadı. Bu da hastaların beyanının güvenilir olmadığını gösterdi. Dışarıda yemek yeme sıklığı sorgulandığında pandemi sırasında, pandemi öncesine göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düzeyde azalma görüldü (p=0,001). Pandemi süresince ailelerin aylık gelirinde düşüş görüldü, istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulundu (p=0,04). Pandemi öncesi ve pandemi sırasında 45 hasta glütensiz gıdayı tedarik etmekte zorlandığını belirtti. Pandemiden önce bu zorlanmanın en sık nedenleri glütensiz ürünlerin pahalı olması ve her markette bulunmaması iken, pandemi süresince bunlara COVID-19 ile enfekte olma endişesi ve sokağa çıkma yasağı da eklendi. Sonuç: Pandemi süresince hastaların vücut ağırlığı ve boy SDS’lerinde artış olmuştur. Bu artışı serolojik yanıt desteklememektedir. Bu durum inflamasyon ve bağırsaktaki hasarın ortaya çıkmasının daha uzun takip gerektirdiğini hastaların pandemi öncesi ve pandemi sırasındaki kontrol muayeneleri arasındaki sürenin yetersiz olabileceğini düşündürmektedir.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ege University Insti...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ege University Insti...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü;

    Dünyada pandemi sonrası feminist hareketler artacak! Dünya genelinde salgın döneminde kadına karşı aile içi şiddetin artış gösterdiğine dikkat çeken Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Uzmanı Elif Şahin, “Özellikle gelişmemiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde salgının olumsuz etkileri, kadınların hali hazırda deneyimledikleri sosyoekonomik istikrarsızlık ve cinsiyet eşitsizliği üzerinden kendini göstermeye başladı. Salgından sonra feminist hareketin sesi daha gür çıkacak” dedi. Dünyanın Covid-19’un yarattığı krizin ekonomik sonuçlarıyla yüzleşmeye başladığını belirten konuşan İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi’nden Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Uzmanı Elif Şahin, “Salgının toplumsal cinsiyete bağlı ayrımcılık ve şiddet açısından yaratacağı sonuçlar da tartışılmaya başlandı. Özellikle Arap dünyasında kadınların iş gücüne katılımındaki düşüş feminist hareketin kriz döneminde sesini yükseltmesi için önemli bir fırsat olarak görülüyor” diye konuştu. Haberin devamı için www.gelisim.edu.tr’yi ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IGU Institutional Op...arrow_drop_down
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    NA

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  • Authors: Ufuk F;
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    Authors: Karadayı, Yıldız;

    Uzamsal-zamansal veriler için denetlenmeyen anormallik tespiti, yer bilimi, trafik izleme, dolandırıcılık ve hastalık salgını tespiti gibi çok çeşitli uygulamalarda yaygın kullanıma sahiptir. Çoğu gerçek dünya zaman serisi verisi, genellikle ilgilenilen bölgenin koordinatları (enlem - boylam bilgisi gibi) cinsinden ifade edilen ek bir bağlam olarak bir uzamsal boyuta sahiptir. Bununla birlikte, mevcut teknikler, gözlemler arasındaki hem uzamsal hem de zamansal bağımlılığı göz önünde bulundurarak, uzaysal ve zamansal bağlamsal nitelikleri entegre ve anlamlı bir şekilde ele almakla sınırlıdır. Bu makalede, çok değişkenli uzay-zamansal verilerdeki denetimsiz anormallik algılama problemini çözmek için hibrit bir derin öğrenme çerçevesi önerilmiştir. Önerilen çerçeve, etiketlenmemiş verilerle çalışır ve anormallikler hakkında önceden bilgi sahibi olunmaz. Çok değişkenli uzamsal-zamansal verilerden temsili özelliklerin çıkarılmasında, son teknoloji uzamsal-zamansal anormallik algılama yaklaşımlarına kıyasla daha etkilidir. Kapsamlı deneyler, iki farklı bağlamsal veri kümesi kullanılarak gerçekleştirilir. İlk veri seti, Katrina Kasırgasının yer gerçeği olarak kullanıldığı Ulusal Veri Şamandırası Merkezi'nden alınan 2005 şamandıra veri setidir. Bu deneyde, önerilen hibrit çerçeve, karşılaştırmada kullanılan yöntemlere göre daha fazla sağlamlığın yanı sıra doğrulukta% 10'dan fazla iyileştirme sağlar. İkinci veri seti, İtalyan Sivil Koruma Dairesi'nin web sitesi tarafından sağlanan halka açık COVID-19 bölgesel verileridir. Bu deneyde sonuçlar, önerilen çerçevenin son teknoloji derin öğrenme mimarisine kıyasla mekansal-zamansal veriler için anormallik algılama performansında önemli iyileşme sağladığını göstermektedir. Unsupervised anomaly detection for spatio-temporal data has extensive use in a wide variety of applications such as earth science, traffic monitoring, fraud, and disease outbreak detection. Most real-world time series data have a spatial dimension as an additional context which is often expressed in terms of coordinates of the region of interest (such as latitude - longitude information). However, existing techniques are limited to handle spatial and temporal contextual attributes in an integrated and meaningful way considering both spatial and temporal dependency between observations. In this paper, a hybrid deep learning framework is proposed to solve the unsupervised anomaly detection problem in multivariate spatio-temporal data. The proposed framework works with unlabeled data and no prior knowledge about anomalies are assumed. It is more effective in extracting representative features from the multivariate spatio-temporal data compared to the state-of-the-art spatio-temporal anomaly detection approaches. Extensive set of experiments are conducted using two different contextual datasets. The first dataset is the buoy dataset of 2005 from National Data Buoy Center where the Hurricane Katrina is used as ground truth. In this experiment, the proposed hybrid framework achieves more than 10% improvement in accuracy along with increased robustness over the methods used in comparison. The second dataset is the public COVID-19 regional data provided by the website of Italian Department of Civil Protection. In this experiment, results show that proposed framework achieves significant improvement on anomaly detection performance for spatio-temporal data as compared to the state-of-the-art deep learning architecture.

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    Authors: Ay, Aylin;

    Günümüzde yaşadığımız salgın hastalık (Covid-19) gibi durumlarda kişisel ve mesleki eğitimlerin aksamaması için uzaktan hizmet içi eğitim önemli yer teşkil etmektedir. Sınıf öğretmenlerinin uzaktan hizmet içi eğitimi araştırıldığı bu çalışmada nitel ve tarama modelinde ve doküman inceleme yöntemiyle yapılmıştır. 1999-2021 yılları arasında bu alandaki 33 tane çalışmanın seçkisiz örnekleme yöntemiyle incelenmesi sonucunda aşağıdaki sonuçlara ulaşılmıştır. Uzaktan hizmet içi eğitimle ilgili çok az olumsuz sonuca ulaşılmıştır. Bunların başında; uzaktan eğitim sırasında soru soramayıp, etkileşim içinde bulunamamalarını, teknik sorunları, eğitimlerin yeterli sayıda yapılmadığı ve tek yönlü olarak yapıldığını belirtmişlerdir. Yapılan akademik çalışmalarda uzaktan eğitimin öğretmenlere yararları öne çıkmıştır. İncelenen alan yazında uzaktan hizmet içi eğitimin zaman, mekan açısından esnek olması, çoklu ortam desteği, materyal etkileşimleri, görseller, videolar, animasyonlarla eğitimin desteklenmesi ve yetişkinlerin kendi öğrenmelerini planlayabildikleri için uzaktan eğitimi daha etkili buldukları, bilgi ihtiyaçlarını karşıladıkları sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

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    Authors: Yılmaz, Burak;

    Işık Üniversitesi öğretim görevlileri tarafından Covid-19 Pandemisi'nin ele alındığı yazı dizisi serisinin "İzleme Deneyiminin Yarınına Dair" konu başlıklı yayınıdır. Sosyal izolasyonun ve evde kalmanın, alışkanlıklarımızı hem değiştirmekte hem de geliştirmekte olduğunu deneyimlediğimiz zamanlardan geçmekteyiz. Bu durumun yansımalarının, birçok farklı disiplinin konusu olduğu biliniyor. Bunlardan bir tanesi de izleme alışkanlıklarımızın uğradığı değişimin daha da görünür hale gelmesi diyebiliriz.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Taghiyeva, Aida; Çınar, Celal; Oran, İsmail;

    Akut inme bulgularıyla hastaneye başvuran COVİD-19’ lu bir hastada servikal internal karotis arter ve intrakranial arteriyel yatakta (orta serebral arter M2 segmenti) akut tromboembolinin BT anjiografi bulguları sunulmuştur.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ege University Insti...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ege University Insti...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü;

    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on social sciences was evaluated. Evaluating the issue, Asst. Prof. Viktoriia Demydova says, “Changes in housework, child care, elderly care and quarantine have increased the mental health needs of female faculty members and reduced the time allocated for academic studies.” When the applications made to Istanbul Gelisim University Journal of Social Sciences between the years 2021-2022 on the effects of COVID-19 on the activities of researchers are examined, it can be observed that the Covid-19 pandemic period had a remarkable effect.

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    Patients with chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure and hypertension have an increased risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related death. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAS) blockers are commonly prescribed to decrease morbidity and mortality in these conditions. Following the pre-clinical demonstration of COVID-19 viral entry into cells via angiotensin-converting enzyme-2, the use of RAS blockers was questioned in infected individuals. Theodorakopoulou et al. extensively review the pathophysiology behind that hypothesis and observational or clinical trials on RAS blockers and COVID-19. Despite being a scientific hot spot of an ongoing debate, discontinuation of RAS blockers is not associated with improved clinical outcomes in COVID-19 and may have potential harmful effects, including exacerbation of the underlying disease. NA

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    Authors: Ertürk Beyter, Merve;

    Background: Celiac disease is an enteropathy that occurs as a result of the consumption of gluten-containing foods in individuals with a genetic predisposition, and its treatment is a lifelong gluten-free diet. Due to COVID-19, a global pandemic was declared by WHO on March 11, 2020, and as a result, curfews were applied in our country. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of restrictive measures applied during the COVID-19 pandemic on children's adherence to the gluten-free diet. Method: The research was carried out in Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Fifty patients between the ages of 2 and 18 who were diagnosed with celiac disease and followed a gluten-free diet for at least 2 years were included in the study. Demographic data of the cases, body weight, height, body mass index values and standard deviation scores, tTG-IgA levels before and during the pandemic were recorded from the outpatient follow-up files and the hospital data system. Patients with serologically tTG-IgA levels above 20 U/ml were considered to have dietary compliance problems. A questionnaire was prepared verbally questioning the patients' compliance with the gluten-free diet and the factors that may affect it during the pandemic period. This questionnaire was filled in face to face during the outpatient follow-ups and with telephone interviews. Results: In our study, 31 (62%) of 50 celiac patients were female and 19 (38%) were male. The mean age at diagnosis is 11,93 ± 4,06 years. The three most common complaints at the time of diagnosis were growth retardation (56%), abdominal pain (46%), and diarrhea (36%). When our patients were evaluated anthropometrically before and after the pandemic; A statistically significant increase was found in body weight SDSs (p=0.006). A significant increase was found in height SDSs (p=0.01). There was an increase in BMI SDSs, but it was not statistically significant (p>0.05). While 64% of patients had negative tTG-IgA antibodies before the pandemic, this rate decreased to 56% during the pandemic, but no statistically significant difference was found (p=0.07). When dietary compliance was questioned verbally, 49 patients in our sample reported that they adhered to the diet before and after the pandemic. When the degree of adherence to the diet was questioned, 37 patients stated that they always adhered to the diet before and after the pandemic. When the tTG-IgA levels of these patients were compared before and after the pandemic, it was observed that there was an increase in antibody levels, but no statistically significant difference was found. This showed that the patient's statement was unreliable. When the frequency of eating out was questioned, a statistically significant decrease was observed during the pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period (p=0.001). There was a decrease in the monthly income of the families during the pandemic, which was statistically significant (p=0.04). Before and during the pandemic, 45 patients stated that they had difficulty in supplying gluten-free food. While the most common reasons for this difficulty before the pandemic were that gluten-free products were expensive and not available in every market, the concern of being infected with COVID-19 and curfew were added to these during the pandemic. Conclusion: During the pandemic, there was an increase in the body weight and height SDS of the patients. This increase does not support the serological response. This suggests that the occurrence of inflammation and intestinal damage requires longer follow-up, and the time between pre-pandemic and pre-pandemic control examinations may be insufficient. Giriş: Çölyak hastalığı, genetik yatkınlığı olan bireylerde glüten içeren yiyeceklerin tüketilmesi sonucu ortaya çıkan bir enteropatidir ve tedavisi ömür boyu sürecek glütensiz diyettir. COVID-19 nedeniyle 11 Mart 2020’de DSÖ tarafından küresel pandemi ilan edilmiştir ve bunun sonucunda ülkemizde sokağa çıkma kısıtlamaları uygulanmıştır. Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı COVID-19 pandemisi sırasında uygulanan kısıtlayıcı önlemlerin çocukların glütensiz diyete uyumları üzerine etkilerinin değerlendirilmesidir. Yöntem: Araştırma Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Pediatrik Gastroenteroloji, Hepatoloji ve Beslenme Bilim Dalında yapıldı. Çölyak hastalığı tanısı almış ve en az 2 yıl süreyle glütensiz diyet uygulayan 2-18 yaş aralığındaki 50 hasta çalışmaya dahil edildi. Olguların demografik verileri, pandemi öncesindeki ve pandemi sırasındaki vücut ağırlığı, boy, vücut kitle indeksi değerleri ve standart deviasyon skorları, tTG-IgA düzeyleri poliklinik izlem dosyalarından ve hastane veri sisteminden kaydedildi. Serolojik olarak tTG-IgA düzeyi 20 U/ml’nin üstünde olan hastaların diyete uyum sorunu olduğu kabul edildi. Hastaların glütensiz diyete uyumunu ve pandemi döneminde buna etki edebilecek faktörleri sözel olarak sorgulayan bir anket düzenlendi. Bu anket formu hastaların poliklinik izlemlerinde yüz yüze ve telefon görüşmesiyle dolduruldu. Bulgular: Çalışmamızda 50 çölyaklı olgunun 31’si (%62) kız, 19’i (%38) erkek idi. Ortalama yaşı 11,93 ± 4,06 yıldır. Tanı anındaki en sık üç yakınma büyüme geriliği (%56), karın ağrısı (%46), ishal (%36) idi. Hastalarımız antropometrik olarak pandemi öncesi ve sonrası değerlendirildiğinde; vücut ağırlığı SDS’lerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı artış saptandı (p=0,006). Boy SDS’lerinde anlamlı artış bulundu (p=0,01). VKİ SDS’lerinde artış olduğu görüldü fakat istatistiksel olarak anlamlı değildi (p>0,05). Pandemi öncesi %64 hastanın tTG-IgA antikoru negatifken bu oran pandemi sırasında %56’ya düşmüştü, ancak istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark saptanmadı (p=0,07). Diyete uyum sözel olarak sorgulandığında örneklemimizdeki 49 hasta pandemiden önce ve sonra diyete uyduğunu bildirdi. Diyete uyum derecesi sorgulandığında 37 hasta pandemiden önce ve sonra diyete daima uyduğunu belirtti. Bu hastaların pandemi öncesi ve sonrası tTG-IgA düzeyleri kıyaslandığında antikor düzeylerinde artış olduğu görüldü fakat istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark saptanmadı. Bu da hastaların beyanının güvenilir olmadığını gösterdi. Dışarıda yemek yeme sıklığı sorgulandığında pandemi sırasında, pandemi öncesine göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düzeyde azalma görüldü (p=0,001). Pandemi süresince ailelerin aylık gelirinde düşüş görüldü, istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulundu (p=0,04). Pandemi öncesi ve pandemi sırasında 45 hasta glütensiz gıdayı tedarik etmekte zorlandığını belirtti. Pandemiden önce bu zorlanmanın en sık nedenleri glütensiz ürünlerin pahalı olması ve her markette bulunmaması iken, pandemi süresince bunlara COVID-19 ile enfekte olma endişesi ve sokağa çıkma yasağı da eklendi. Sonuç: Pandemi süresince hastaların vücut ağırlığı ve boy SDS’lerinde artış olmuştur. Bu artışı serolojik yanıt desteklememektedir. Bu durum inflamasyon ve bağırsaktaki hasarın ortaya çıkmasının daha uzun takip gerektirdiğini hastaların pandemi öncesi ve pandemi sırasındaki kontrol muayeneleri arasındaki sürenin yetersiz olabileceğini düşündürmektedir.

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    Authors: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü;

    Dünyada pandemi sonrası feminist hareketler artacak! Dünya genelinde salgın döneminde kadına karşı aile içi şiddetin artış gösterdiğine dikkat çeken Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Uzmanı Elif Şahin, “Özellikle gelişmemiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde salgının olumsuz etkileri, kadınların hali hazırda deneyimledikleri sosyoekonomik istikrarsızlık ve cinsiyet eşitsizliği üzerinden kendini göstermeye başladı. Salgından sonra feminist hareketin sesi daha gür çıkacak” dedi. Dünyanın Covid-19’un yarattığı krizin ekonomik sonuçlarıyla yüzleşmeye başladığını belirten konuşan İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi’nden Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Uzmanı Elif Şahin, “Salgının toplumsal cinsiyete bağlı ayrımcılık ve şiddet açısından yaratacağı sonuçlar da tartışılmaya başlandı. Özellikle Arap dünyasında kadınların iş gücüne katılımındaki düşüş feminist hareketin kriz döneminde sesini yükseltmesi için önemli bir fırsat olarak görülüyor” diye konuştu. Haberin devamı için www.gelisim.edu.tr’yi ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

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  • Authors: Ufuk F;
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    Authors: Karadayı, Yıldız;

    Uzamsal-zamansal veriler için denetlenmeyen anormallik tespiti, yer bilimi, trafik izleme, dolandırıcılık ve hastalık salgını tespiti gibi çok çeşitli uygulamalarda yaygın kullanıma sahiptir. Çoğu gerçek dünya zaman serisi verisi, genellikle ilgilenilen bölgenin koordinatları (enlem - boylam bilgisi gibi) cinsinden ifade edilen ek bir bağlam olarak bir uzamsal boyuta sahiptir. Bununla birlikte, mevcut teknikler, gözlemler arasındaki hem uzamsal hem de zamansal bağımlılığı göz önünde bulundurarak, uzaysal ve zamansal bağlamsal nitelikleri entegre ve anlamlı bir şekilde ele almakla sınırlıdır. Bu makalede, çok değişkenli uzay-zamansal verilerdeki denetimsiz anormallik algılama problemini çözmek için hibrit bir derin öğrenme çerçevesi önerilmiştir. Önerilen çerçeve, etiketlenmemiş verilerle çalışır ve anormallikler hakkında önceden bilgi sahibi olunmaz. Çok değişkenli uzamsal-zamansal verilerden temsili özelliklerin çıkarılmasında, son teknoloji uzamsal-zamansal anormallik algılama yaklaşımlarına kıyasla daha etkilidir. Kapsamlı deneyler, iki farklı bağlamsal veri kümesi kullanılarak gerçekleştirilir. İlk veri seti, Katrina Kasırgasının yer gerçeği olarak kullanıldığı Ulusal Veri Şamandırası Merkezi'nden alınan 2005 şamandıra veri setidir. Bu deneyde, önerilen hibrit çerçeve, karşılaştırmada kullanılan yöntemlere göre daha fazla sağlamlığın yanı sıra doğrulukta% 10'dan fazla iyileştirme sağlar. İkinci veri seti, İtalyan Sivil Koruma Dairesi'nin web sitesi tarafından sağlanan halka açık COVID-19 bölgesel verileridir. Bu deneyde sonuçlar, önerilen çerçevenin son teknoloji derin öğrenme mimarisine kıyasla mekansal-zamansal veriler için anormallik algılama performansında önemli iyileşme sağladığını göstermektedir. Unsupervised anomaly detection for spatio-temporal data has extensive use in a wide variety of applications such as earth science, traffic monitoring, fraud, and disease outbreak detection. Most real-world time series data have a spatial dimension as an additional context which is often expressed in terms of coordinates of the region of interest (such as latitude - longitude information). However, existing techniques are limited to handle spatial and temporal contextual attributes in an integrated and meaningful way considering both spatial and temporal dependency between observations. In this paper, a hybrid deep learning framework is proposed to solve the unsupervised anomaly detection problem in multivariate spatio-temporal data. The proposed framework works with unlabeled data and no prior knowledge about anomalies are assumed. It is more effective in extracting representative features from the multivariate spatio-temporal data compared to the state-of-the-art spatio-temporal anomaly detection approaches. Extensive set of experiments are conducted using two different contextual datasets. The first dataset is the buoy dataset of 2005 from National Data Buoy Center where the Hurricane Katrina is used as ground truth. In this experiment, the proposed hybrid framework achieves more than 10% improvement in accuracy along with increased robustness over the methods used in comparison. The second dataset is the public COVID-19 regional data provided by the website of Italian Department of Civil Protection. In this experiment, results show that proposed framework achieves significant improvement on anomaly detection performance for spatio-temporal data as compared to the state-of-the-art deep learning architecture.

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    Authors: Ay, Aylin;

    Günümüzde yaşadığımız salgın hastalık (Covid-19) gibi durumlarda kişisel ve mesleki eğitimlerin aksamaması için uzaktan hizmet içi eğitim önemli yer teşkil etmektedir. Sınıf öğretmenlerinin uzaktan hizmet içi eğitimi araştırıldığı bu çalışmada nitel ve tarama modelinde ve doküman inceleme yöntemiyle yapılmıştır. 1999-2021 yılları arasında bu alandaki 33 tane çalışmanın seçkisiz örnekleme yöntemiyle incelenmesi sonucunda aşağıdaki sonuçlara ulaşılmıştır. Uzaktan hizmet içi eğitimle ilgili çok az olumsuz sonuca ulaşılmıştır. Bunların başında; uzaktan eğitim sırasında soru soramayıp, etkileşim içinde bulunamamalarını, teknik sorunları, eğitimlerin yeterli sayıda yapılmadığı ve tek yönlü olarak yapıldığını belirtmişlerdir. Yapılan akademik çalışmalarda uzaktan eğitimin öğretmenlere yararları öne çıkmıştır. İncelenen alan yazında uzaktan hizmet içi eğitimin zaman, mekan açısından esnek olması, çoklu ortam desteği, materyal etkileşimleri, görseller, videolar, animasyonlarla eğitimin desteklenmesi ve yetişkinlerin kendi öğrenmelerini planlayabildikleri için uzaktan eğitimi daha etkili buldukları, bilgi ihtiyaçlarını karşıladıkları sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

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    Authors: Yılmaz, Burak;

    Işık Üniversitesi öğretim görevlileri tarafından Covid-19 Pandemisi'nin ele alındığı yazı dizisi serisinin "İzleme Deneyiminin Yarınına Dair" konu başlıklı yayınıdır. Sosyal izolasyonun ve evde kalmanın, alışkanlıklarımızı hem değiştirmekte hem de geliştirmekte olduğunu deneyimlediğimiz zamanlardan geçmekteyiz. Bu durumun yansımalarının, birçok farklı disiplinin konusu olduğu biliniyor. Bunlardan bir tanesi de izleme alışkanlıklarımızın uğradığı değişimin daha da görünür hale gelmesi diyebiliriz.

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