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63 Research products, page 1 of 7

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Erinaldo Dias Valério; André Luiz Avelino da Silva;
    Publisher: Revista Brasileira de Educacao em Ciencia da Informacao (REBECIN)

    Reflete sobre o papel da biblioteca e de bibliotecárie no desenvolvimento de recursos que possam diminuir as barreiras informacionais decorrentes da Pandemia do COVID-19, que tem afetado a comunidade LGBTI+ e impossibilitado o acesso e uso da informação. Destaca que essas ações podem cooperar para o desenvolvimento da Competência em Informação desse grupo, uma vez que a competência consiste em habilidades na busca, acesso, uso e análise da informação de maneira consciente, adquirindo aprendizado. Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória e bibliográfica com a abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa. Investigou-se na Base de Dados Referenciais de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação (BRAPCI) os artigos científicos publicados que relacionassem com os temas que envolvem a comunidade LGBTI+. Enfatiza que esta pesquisa está sendo desenvolvida no âmbito do grupo de pesquisa Alaye - Laboratório de pesquisa em informação antirracista e sujeitos informacionais. Conclui que bibliotecas e bibliotecáries podem cooperar para a desconstrução de preconceitos que afetam a população LGBTI+ na avaliação e utilização da informação, buscando torná-los competentes em informação.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Manal Al-Gethamy; Victor M. Corman; Raheela Hussain; Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq; Christian Drosten; Ziad A. Memish;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ramon Obdulio Lara Palma;
    Country: El Salvador

    Afrontar cristianamente la realidad crítica que impone el fenómeno de la pandemia de la Covid, exige encontrar las claves de interpretación para intervenir en esa realidad de manera eficaz. La pandemia, como toda crisis, puede ser una gran oportunidad. El autor propone cuatro principios que sirven como claves de lectura y ejes de acción para que esta crisis, como cualquierotra situación crítica, sea aprovechada para avanzar hacia un futuro nuevo y mejor. La encarnación, la responsabilidad, la esperanza y la profecía, elevados a la categoría de principios, ofrecen la posibilidad de abordar cristianamente la crisis generada por la pandemia con la finalidad de rediseñar el mundo post-Covid de modo más digno y humano.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Haydee Beatriz Cartagena de Leiva;
    Publisher: Universidad Centroamericana Jose Siemon Canas UCA El Salvador-Biblioteca P. Florentino Idoate, S.J.

    En un contexto marcado por una situación de pandemia por COVID-19 se ha reflexionado mucho sobre el modelo actual de las empresas, donde su eje principal ha sido la generación de ingresos a su máximo nivel y la acumulación de capital como el indicador principal de éxito, muchas veces, poniendo en riesgo el medio ambiente, la dignidad de las personas y el entorno que les rodea; en fin, arriesgando la sostenibilidad de la vida. Ante esta situación es importante reflexionar sobre el actual modelo no sólo a nivel micro sino también macro, lo que significa tomar en cuenta aspectos como las políticas públicas y las relaciones que se establecen en las cadenas de valor en los diferentes rubros productivos. El modelo de economía social, solidaria y colaborativa propone un nuevo modelo de empresa, siempre basada en la eficiencia, productividad y sostenibilidad financiera, pero con un elemento diferenciador: poner en el centro de sus decisiones a las personas. Muchas experiencias en América Latina y otros países del mundo nos muestran que es posible, especialmente, porque esto puede contribuir a la construcción de un nuevo modelo de desarrollo sostenible. En este análisis se presentarán las características principales que definen esta propuesta, no sólo a través de los planteamientos teóricos existentes, sino también a través de las experiencias latinoamericanas que han mostrado resultados positivos, a nivel de las actividades productivas y también del entorno que les rodea. Realidad Empresarial No. 10, 2020: 79-88

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jaime Daniel Guevera Mira; Haydee Beatriz Cartagena de Leiva; Ernesto Alonso Pacheco Cruz; Diego Enrique Tovar Osegueda; Santiago Ernesto Palacios Chávez;
    Publisher: Universidad Centroamericana Jose Siemon Canas UCA El Salvador-Biblioteca P. Florentino Idoate, S.J.

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo difundir los principales hallazgos de la investigación desarrollada por el equipo de académicos del Círculo de Investigación de Innovación y Emprendimiento del departamento de Administración de Empresas de la UCA. En ésta, se pone de manifiesto principalmente el estado crítico en el que se encuentra la micro y pequeña empresa salvadoreña, estado causado por la pandemia por COVID19; contexto el cual se muestra la fragilidad del sistema económico de un país polarizado, con una creciente brecha de pobreza, desigualdad y difícil acceso a oportunidades para los grupos más desfavorecidos y vulnerables. Lo anterior plantea un riesgo que puede desembocar en una crisis sin precedentes en la historia del país. Realidad Empresarial No. 10, 2020: 32-51

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sherry Shiqian Gao; Gwendolyn Amarquaye; Gwendolyn Amarquaye; Peter Arrow; Peter Arrow; Peter Arrow; Kalpana Bansal; Raman Bedi; Raman Bedi; Guglielmo Campus; +24 more
    Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
    Country: Switzerland

    Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) was developed in Japan in the 1960s. It is a clear solution containing silver and fluoride ions. Because of its anti-bacterial and remineralizing effect, silver diamine fluoride has been used in managing dental caries for decades worldwide. This paper aims to summarize and discuss the global policies, guidelines, and relevant information on utilizing SDF for caries management. SDF can be used for treating dental caries in most countries. However, it is not permitted to be used in mainland China. Several manufacturers, mainly in Australia, Brazil, India, Japan, and the United States, produce SDF at different concentrations that are commercially available around the world. The prices differ between contents and brands. Different government organizations and dental associations have developed guidelines for clinical use of SDF. Dental professionals can refer to the specific guidelines in their own countries or territories. Training for using SDF is part of undergraduate and/or postgraduate curriculums in almost all countries. However, real utilization of SDF of dentists, especially in the private sector, remains unclear in most places because little research has been conducted. There are at least two ongoing regional-wide large-scale oral health programs, using SDF as one of the components to manage dental caries in young children (one in Hong Kong and one in Mongolia). Because SDF treatment does not require caries removal, and it is simple, non-invasive, and inexpensive, SDF is a valuable strategy for caries management in young children, elderly people, and patients with special needs. In addition, to reduce the risk of bacteria or virus transmission in dental settings, using SDF as a non-aerosol producing procedure should be emphasized under the COVID-19 outbreak.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Khin Mar Kyi Win; Cynthia B.E. Chee; Liang Shen; Yee T. Wang; Jeffery Cutter;
    Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    We determined the proportion of foreign-born persons with tuberculosis (TB) in Singapore. This proportion increased from 25.5% in 2004 to 37.6% in 2009. Unskilled workers from countries with high incidences of TB accounted for the highest number of and greatest increase in foreign-born TB case-patients.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Dario de Oliveira Neves; Suely Henrique de Aquino Gomes;
    Publisher: Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Goias -PUC Goias

    O presente artigo analisa a pandemia do Coronavírus (Covid–19) no Brasil, tendo como referência o conceito de governamentalidade e biopolítica de Michel Foucault e necropolítica de Achille Mbembe. Procura-se entender com a emergência da Covid-19 no Brasil, como o desenho de uma política (ou a sua ausência) para o enfrentamento da doença pode ditar quem merece viver e quem deve morrer, ou seja, a falta de ações efetivas de combate, somada ao negacionismo científico durante a pandemia, e que resultaram no extermínio das pessoas mais frágeis e vulneráveis. Institui-se uma política que favorece a morte. Mbembe nomeia esse tipo de política de necropolítica, Pretende-se no presente trabalho entender entrevistas e pronunciamentos do presidente Jair Bolsonaro criaram as condições para o estabelecimento da necropolítica em um contexto de pandemia da COVID-19 no Brasil. Trata-se de uma reflexão teórica. Que os esforços feitos, auxiliem o esclarecimento dos desafios e dos limites democráticos para reverter este modo de pensar a realidade brasileira frente à eugenia da Covid-19.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mart L. Stein; James W. Rudge; Richard Coker; Charlie P van der Weijden; Ralf Krumkamp; Piya Hanvoravongchai; Irwin Chavez; Weerasak Putthasri; Bounlay Phommasack; Wiku Adisasmito; +5 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: United Kingdom
    Project: EC | ASIAFLUCAP (201823), EC | ASIAFLUCAP (201823)

    Abstract Background Health care planning for pandemic influenza is a challenging task which requires predictive models by which the impact of different response strategies can be evaluated. However, current preparedness plans and simulations exercises, as well as freely available simulation models previously made for policy makers, do not explicitly address the availability of health care resources or determine the impact of shortages on public health. Nevertheless, the feasibility of health systems to implement response measures or interventions described in plans and trained in exercises depends on the available resource capacity. As part of the AsiaFluCap project, we developed a comprehensive and flexible resource modelling tool to support public health officials in understanding and preparing for surges in resource demand during future pandemics. Results The AsiaFluCap Simulator is a combination of a resource model containing 28 health care resources and an epidemiological model. The tool was built in MS Excel© and contains a user-friendly interface which allows users to select mild or severe pandemic scenarios, change resource parameters and run simulations for one or multiple regions. Besides epidemiological estimations, the simulator provides indications on resource gaps or surpluses, and the impact of shortages on public health for each selected region. It allows for a comparative analysis of the effects of resource availability and consequences of different strategies of resource use, which can provide guidance on resource prioritising and/or mobilisation. Simulation results are displayed in various tables and graphs, and can also be easily exported to GIS software to create maps for geographical analysis of the distribution of resources. Conclusions The AsiaFluCap Simulator is freely available software (http://www.cdprg.org) which can be used by policy makers, policy advisors, donors and other stakeholders involved in preparedness for providing evidence based and illustrative information on health care resource capacities during future pandemics. The tool can inform both preparedness plans and simulation exercises and can help increase the general understanding of dynamics in resource capacities during a pandemic. The combination of a mathematical model with multiple resources and the linkage to GIS for creating maps makes the tool unique compared to other available software.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mahreen Hussain; Tania Platero-Portillo; Olanrewaju Oni; Mai Elzieny; Kaveri Malik Khera; Hemlata Padharia; Nehemias Guevara-Rodriguez;
    Publisher: European Medical Group

    The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has led to swift efforts to learn about its clinical course, prognostic markers, and complications. Consequently, there is a lot of scattered information available regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) but its pathophysiology is still poorly understood. Gross and microscopic findings are very important for understanding any disease, including COVID-19. This literature review examines and summarises the biopsy, gross autopsy, and other histopathological findings that have been reported in various organs in COVID-19 patients to increase the understanding of the disease. Many histopathological findings in various organs were nonspecific, especially in the liver and brain, while others were particular to SARS-CoV-2. Therefore, further histopathological studies and autopsies are necessary to obtain consistent and reliable findings in those with COVID-19 to fully understand the pathogenesis of the disease and the impact it has on individual organs.