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19 Research products, page 1 of 2

  • COVID-19
  • Publications
  • Research data
  • Other research products
  • 2013-2022
  • Danish
  • Theses@asb

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  • Restricted Danish
    Authors: 
    Hougaard, Rikke Frøhlich; Nielsen, Birgitte Lund; Pyrz, Magdalena;
    Country: Denmark

    Oplægget samler og diskuterer erfaringer fra tre forskellige cases - kurser fra ST på AU - der inkluderer laboratorieundervisning. Hvilke valg er truffet ift. forårets COVID 19 nedlukning (online, simulation, video, padlet mm)? Hvilke muligheder og udfordringer relateret til studerendes læring fremhæves af underviserne? Hvilke fremadrettede perspektiver kan fremhæves - er der ideer og tilgange, der tages med videre?

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Anne Toft Ramsbøl; Birgitte Thylstrup; Esben Houborg; Maj Nygaard-Christensen;
    Country: Denmark

    Da Danmark gik i såkaldt ’lockdown’ i marts 2020, lukkede også en stor del af tilbud og indsatser på udsatte- og rusmiddelområdet ned. Denne artikel har fokus på, hvordan nedlukningen blev håndteret i kommuner, regioner og sociale organisationer.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Fibiger, Marianne Qvortrup;
    Country: Denmark
  • Restricted Danish
    Authors: 
    Krogh Madsen, Jonas; Mikkelsen, Kim Sass; Christensen, Julian; Bækgaard, Martin;
    Country: Denmark
  • Publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Kristensen, Catrine Sundorf;
    Country: Denmark
  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Birgitte Thylstrup; Adriana del Palacio-Gonzalez; Esben Houborg;
    Country: Denmark

    11. marts 2020 annoncerede statsministeren en omfattende nedlukning i Danmark pga. COVID-19-pandemien. Selvom kritiske funktioner, bl.a. rusmiddelbehandling, ikke skulle lukke ned, medførte restriktioner betydelige udfordringer, som markant har påvirket hjælpen til socialt udsatte

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Nygaard-Christensen, Maj; Pedersen, Siri Mørch;
    Country: Denmark

    Under nedlukningen af landet under covid-19-krisen blev udsatte mennesker betegnet som en særlig risikogruppe. På nogle områder har udsatte dog vist sig at have særlig erfaring med at klare udfordringer og forandringer i hverdagen, som de kunne trække på i forhold til at klare coronasituationen

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Cino, Davide; Brandsen, Silke; Bressa, Nathalie Alexandra; Mascheroni, Giovanna; Eriksson, Eva; Zaman, Bieke;
    Country: Denmark

    This report is based on findings from a cross-national qualitative study investigating young people’s digital skills practices in non-formal learning contexts in Belgium, Denmark, and Italy.The goal of this study was to gain better knowledge about how to foster digital skills acquisition and practices in non-formal learning contexts.This study combined 16 observations of digital skills workshops (i.c. programming and robotics workshops), 11 interviews with organisers and moderators of such activities, and 4 subsequent co-design activities with the collaboration of children, organisers, moderators, and researchers.The research activities took place in non-formal learning contexts, such as public libraries, youth clubs, and school spaces used for extra-curricular activities (i.e., outside the formal curriculum). Due to different COVID-19 restrictions across Belgium, Denmark and Italy, flexibility with the research protocol was needed.The main aim of the observations and interviews was to first map existing situated experiences of digital skills workshops across countries, investigate their structure and teaching philosophies, and inform co-design activities. Then, with the co-design activities, we aimed to gain knowledge about potential future trajectories, drawing insights from best practices and formulating recommendations, with Italy focusing on teaching style, Denmark on technology and tools, and Belgium on policy.Our work allowed us to address several research questions, investigating three main areas to be understood as broader thematic units.As a first thematic unit concerned with teaching, we questioned how the philosophies that drive the digital skills workshops ran by moderators and organisers have an impact on the workshop organisation in terms of their formality, activities chosen, teaching styles, imaginaries and values. Indeed, we argue that these matters should not go unnoticed, as part of a hidden curriculum (Gordon, 1982), as these are likely to impact children’s and young people's digital skills acquisition and practices.Secondly, as for the theme of learning, we investigated whether and how the formality and structure of the non-formal digital skills workshops may have influenced children’s digital skills practices and learning, what types of learning strategies were promoted by moderators, and what practices were enacted by the children themselves.As a third theme sensitive to including, we aimed to understand who participates in digital skills workshops and who is excluded, and why, questioning for instance potential sociocultural or material barriers (or absence thereof) shaping the democratisation and distribution of the learning opportunities.Key takeaways Digital skills workshops in non-formal learning context are designed and run with the mission of promoting children’s collaboration and active participation, moving beyond the normative and asymmetrical logic typical of formal education. In this context, across countries, moderators emphasised that they are not to be seen as teachers, but rather as facilitators, framing participants as the main actors of their educational experiences, echoing previous research studying digital skills practices in non-formal learning contexts (Livingstone & Blum-Ross, 2020).6 Although collaboration and active participation are key words in moderators’ and organisers’ imaginaries, most of the times the structure of the learning activities, the affordances of the digital learning environment, and the choices of the children themselves, promoted individualistic practices, where each child worked on their own to achieve their own personal goals. We hereby acknowledge that any educational activity is characterised by, at least partially, asymmetrical relationships, where adults are the ones who are likely to make choices for children. In this sense, the choice of activities, software and, generally, the organisation of the workshop itself, comes down to adults. To counteract this tendency, in implementing teaching strategies, social goals and learning goals should be put forward during the non-formal learning activity. The spatial organisation of the workshops including the features of the technologies and tools can both hinder or facilitate collaboration and learning practices. It is important to align these to the intention and orchestration of moderators so that the room, the physical materials, and the technologies contribute to the overall goals. Also, to design situationally appropriate learning technologies and activities that integrate with current practices, it is important to understand the implicit and explicit social and material structures that constitute the activities and interactions with technologies. Our study further challenges the myth of the digital native, showing that children need appropriate and meaningful external support, individual effort, and motivation to become digitally skilled. Even if informed by a narrow understanding of programming skills as an individual achievement, digital skills workshops are promising for children to train digital practices and acquire new digital skills. A “free” and “open door” approach to the organisation of digital skills workshops does not necessarily mean that it is inclusive, not even when all materials are provided for free by the organisation. Apart from initiatives specifically tailored for usually under-represented groups (including girls, children from lower socio-economic status (SES) households, ethnic minorities), digital skills workshops are mainly attended by upper- or middle-class boys, showing how organisers and moderators struggle in attracting a diverse range of participants. The degree to which parents value programming as beneficial for their children’s future achievements turns out to be one of the main incentives to participate in digital skills workshops, together with the child’s genuine interest in the topic. To foster inclusivity, our findings suggest that workshops should allow a certain degree of open-endedness and freedom, so that children can adjust and embed the projects into their own lived experiences and future-oriented imaginaries. This also means adapting the educational proposals to suit the interests, needs and competences of a wide variety of children with different backgrounds and aspirations. This way the activities can be meaningful for participants to be able to express themselves using technology, while taking into consideration external factors such as the influence of parents and schools which contribute to the opportunities and attendance by participants. Finally, the organisation of digital skills workshops and initiatives should become embedded in the social fabric of the city and/or youth work, conceiving of them as a communitarian effort. This means that an active dialogue between policymakers, organisers and moderators, researchers, parents, and, of course, children themselves from different backgrounds is needed. Participatory co-design among these actors can be a key strategy to promote child-centred approaches that move beyond individualistic accounts of learning, towards the creation of more collaborative, and more inclusive digital skill activities through a systemic and holistic approach.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Olsen, Astrid; Reimer, David; Sortkær, Bent; Thomsen, Rie;
    Publisher: Aarhus Universitet, DPU
    Country: Denmark

    Når et ungt menneske vælger videregående uddannelse efter at have gennemført en ungdomsuddannelse, har det betydning for resten af livet. Valget er med til at åbne en række døre på klem for mulige fremtidige jobs og karriereveje. Men det er også med til at lukke andre døre helt eller delvist. Samtidig har en række undersøgelser vist en tydelig sammenhæng mellemen persons uddannelsesbaggrund og for eksempel personens livsindkomst og generelle sundhed. Valget af videregående uddannelse kan således beskrives som et af de mest betydningsfulde valg der gøres i livet. På denne baggrund er rapports formål, at undersøge hvilke tanker om uddannelsesvalg unge mennesker gør sig i deres sidste halve år på ungdomsuddannelserne. Vælger de at starte på en videregående uddannelse umiddelbart efter, at de har gennemført deres ungdomsuddannelse, eller vælger de i stedet at holde et sabbatår? Og hvilke typer af uddannelse vælger de? Foråret 2020 er på mange måder anderledes end alle tidligere forår vi har haft i Danmark idet COVID-19 ramte landet. Dette har haft stor betydning for rigtig mange mennesker, herunder også landets gymnasieelever. Det betød helt konkret at skolerne overgik til onlineun-dervisning i stor udstrækning, og at eksamenerne ikke forløb som planlagt. Derudover må det også formodes at have fået en betydning for de kommende studenters tanker og overve-jelser vedrørende videregående uddannelse –både for de der havde planlagt at søge ind på en uddannelse umiddelbart i forlængelse af deres ungdomsuddannelse, og for de som havde planlagt at holde et sabbatår. I rapporten undersøger vi derfor ligeledes hvad COVID-19 har betydet for 3.g’ernes planer for valg af uddannelse og/eller sabbatår. Rapporten viser en høj grad af ukuelighed blandt de unge, som på trods af COVID-19 krisen i høj grad fastholder deres planer for uddannelse og sabbatår fra før nedlukningen til under nedlukningen. Der ses kun en meget lille stigning på 2 procentpoint i forhold til at ville tage en uddannelse lige efter gymnasiet, mens forventningen til længden af sabbatperioden er stort set uændret. Populariteten for sundhedsfaglige uddannelser heller ikke ud til at ikke ud til at have steget, selvom man kunne have forestillet sig, at COVID-19 havde medvirket til at øge interessen for disse fag. Meget tyder på, at eleverne vil forsøge at gennemføre deres planer om hhv. at holde sabbatår eller starte på en uddannelse inden for de rammer som krisen giver –også selvom rapporten viser, at de er usikre på deres muligheder for rejse, tage et højskoleophold eller få et job samt deres chancer for at komme ind på den uddannelse som de ønsker. Eleverne er derimod blevet lidt mere sikre på, hvilken uddannelse de vil vælge. Rapporten viser også, at COVID-19 ikke har fået eleverne til i særlig grad at opsøge de muligheder de har for at få vejledning om uddannelse og sabatår, hverken på skolen eller hos Studievalg.De overvejelser og spekulationer som COVID-19 har bragt med sig, har dog betydet, at mange elever har brugt deres netværk mere end hvad de ellers ville have gjort til at tale om planerne efter gymnasiet. Det gør sig dog mest gældende for elever, som har højtuddannede forældre. Fra politisk side prioriteres det, at holde uddannelsessystemet gratis og åbent for alle. Det betyder, at hvis man blot har et tilstrækkeligt højt karaktergennemsnit, så er alle veje åbne. Undersøgelser har dog vist, at eksempelvis elevernes socioøkonomiske baggrund har betyd-ning for elevernes uddannelsesvalg. En betydning som ikke blot kan forklares ud fra ele-vernes faglige formåen. I rapporten undersøger vi om 3.g’ernes uddannelsesbaggrund har en særskilt betydning for, om de vælger at læse videre umiddelbart efter, at de har gennem-ført deres ungdomsuddannelse, eller om de vælger sabbatår. Derudover undersøges det om uddannelsesbaggrund har betydning for elevernes valg af uddannelsesniveau. Og endelig om deres uddannelsesbaggrund har betydning for, hvor sikre de er i deres valg, og om valget har ændret sig i det halve år op mod afslutningen på gymnasiet. Rapporten viser, at elevernes forældrebaggrund har forholdsvis stor betydning for deres uddannelsesplaner. De elever som gerne vil starte direkte på en uddannelse efter gymnasiet, har i højere grad lavtuddannede forældre. Det er også i høj grad de elever med høje karakterer og elever fra HTX som vælger at starte direkte efter endt ungdomsuddannelse. Analyserne viser desuden, at de elever som er mest usikre på deres valg af uddannelse, har større sandsynlighed for at skifte mellem uddannelsesniveauer og fagområder i deres uddannelsesovervejelser, hvis deres forældre er lavtuddannede. Vi kan ikke fastslå, om det er COVID-19 eller tiden,der har betydning for de mønstre, og det er desuden vigtigt at pointere, at rapporten kun er et udtryk for et øjebliksbillede, samtat COVID-19-krisen og dens konsekvenser hele tiden ændrer sig.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Lehrmann, Malthe;
    Country: Denmark