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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
943 Research products, page 1 of 95

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Donadelli, Flavia;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    An underlying assumption of modern political states is that they are rational systems that ‘follow the science’ to achieve optimal outcomes for their citizens. Whilst COVID-19 continues to foreground the strengths and weaknesses of different national scientific advice systems, Flavia Donadelli draws on evidence from Brazilian policymaking to argue that evidence informed policymaking is a far more ephemeral process and heavily dependent on institutional and political contexts for it to operate effectively.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    English
    Authors: 
    Oryem, Robin;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    COVID-19 has been portrayed internationally as a disease more dangerous than Ebola. In Uganda this has created fear among various communities, specifically in the north of the country, where the memory of Ebola remains present. A consequence of the outbreak is reported xenophobia and rumours the epidemic is spread by the rich. Robin Oryem reports from experience on the ground and the role of behavioural change in preventing the disease’s spread.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    English
    Authors: 
    Dimitrakopoulos, Dionyssis G.; Lalis, Georgette;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    Dionyssis G Dimitrakopoulos and Georgette Lalis analyse the EU's actions so far in the Covid-19 outbreak. They argue that despite a slow and initially haphazard approach, the response has ultimately been substantial. Public health care systems, alongside state bureaucracies and public finances, are being tested to their limits by the Covid-19 pandemic. The same can be said – albeit in a different way – about the European Union. Indeed, since the problem at hand knows no borders, appealing to an organisation that operates at the ‘supranational’ level is not an unreasonable reaction to a crisis such as this and an existential threat like this pandemic. So, how has the EU fared thus far in this process?

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Furmonaviciene, Ruta; Dubakiene, Ruta; Šauliene, Ingrida;
    Country: United Kingdom

    This event has been organised in collaboration with Prof R Dubakiene from Vilnius University and Prof I Šauliene from Šauliai Academy of Vilnius University DMUGlobal Allergy Friday: Sessions on International Allergy Research for DMU ABMS BIOM5015 Module Students Presentations and Activities Prepared by Dr R Furmonaviciene in Collaboration with Prof R Dubakiene and Prof I Sauliene from Vilnius University as well as with DMUGlobal and DMULocal Teams Session Activities also included Production of Allergy Information Cards for Local Community as part of ‘Sharing knowledge for re-building communities after the COVID-19 pandemic’ project

  • English
    Authors: 
    Anson, Ian; Kane, John;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    Last week President Trump signed an unprecedented $2 trillion stimulus bill aimed at protecting workers and businesses threatened by the Covid-19 pandemic. Perhaps equally surprising was the relative lack of opposition from Republicans, who at other times are opposed to increased government spending and growing deficits. Drawing on their work on how party-supporters feel about budget deficits and how the media reports on them, Ian G. Anson and John V. Kane write that these supporters are less concerned about deficits when a president from their own party holds the White House. The role of conservative media, they comment, means that this effect is especially stark for a Republican president like Donald Trump.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Clugston, Naomi; Spearing, Michelle;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    We urgently need to understand the specific risks of COVID-19 for conflict-affected women and girls, with the most vulnerable countries to COVID-19 being conflict zones and fragile states. Michelle Spearing and Naomi Clugston of Social Development Direct tell us of the importance of grassroots women’s networks in mobilising a response and call on governments, donors and INGO’s to fund these networks, protect and empower women and prioritise gender-based violence in order to maintain and adapt current programmes.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Atti, A; Ferrari, M; Castillo-Olivares, J; Monk, EJM; Gopal, R; Patel, M; Hoschler, K; Cole, MJ; Semper, A; Hewson, J; +15 more
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: United Kingdom

    OBJECTIVES: To describe the serological profile of first two SARS-CoV-2 confirmed reinfections in the national healthcare worker cohort study SARS-CoV-2 Immunity and Reinfection Evaluation (SIREN) and potentially identify correlates of protection against reinfection. METHODS: In addition to routine testing within the SIREN study, viral culture, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were performed. Total antibody testing (Anti-SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid and Anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike) were complemented by receptor binding domain indirect ELISA and neutralising antibody assays. RESULTS: The first two SARS-CoV-2 confirmed reinfections had mild symptomatic illness episodes from which infectious virus was recovered at the time of reinfection. The recovered viruses and their sequences were closely related to viruses circulating locally during the time of reinfection and serology was consistent with reinfection. Prior to reinfection, both cases had ELISA and immunoblot detectable anti-N antibodies, but lacked live virus neutralising antibody. Within days following reinfection, neutralising antibodies became detectable and anti-N and anti-S binding antibodies were boosted. CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesise that titres of neutralising antibody can be used as a correlate of protection against reinfection. Further analysis using a case-control design is essential in order to confirm this hypothesis.

  • English
    Authors: 
    D'Souza, J; Prasanna, F; Valayannopoulos-Akrivou, LN; Sherman, P; Penn, E; Song, S; Archibald, AT; McElroy, MB;
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
    Country: United Kingdom

    Funder: Cambridge STEAM Initiative Funder: Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, Science and Technology Facilities Council Funder: Harvard Global Institute; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100016486 Abstract Fossil fuel and aerosol emissions have played important roles on climate over the Indian subcontinent over the last century. As the world transitions toward decarbonization in the next few decades, emissions pathways could have major impacts on India’s climate and people. Pathways for future emissions are highly uncertain, particularly at present as countries recover from COVID-19. This paper explores a multimodel ensemble of Earth system models leveraging potential global emissions pathways following COVID-19 and the consequences for India’s summertime (June–July–August–September) climate in the near- and long-term. We investigate specifically scenarios which envisage a fossil-based recovery, a strong renewable-based recovery and a moderate scenario in between the two. We find that near-term climate changes are dominated by natural climate variability, and thus likely independent of the emissions pathway. By 2050, pathway-induced spatial patterns in the seasonally-aggregated precipitation become clearer with a slight drying in the fossil-based scenario and wetting in the strong renewable scenario. Additionally, extreme temperature and precipitation events in India are expected to increase in magnitude and frequency regardless of the emissions scenario, though the spatial patterns of these changes as well as the extent of the change are pathway dependent. This study provides an important discussion on the impacts of emissions recover pathways following COVID-19 on India, a nation which is likely to be particularly susceptible to climate change over the coming decades.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Sinha, Neha;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified the distributive inequality and unequal access to resources as economies across the globe are severely hit and businesses and supply chains are disrupted. The resultant economic crisis will have a disproportionate effect on men and women. Neha Sinha details here why the recovery strategies must allow for the particular needs and circumstances of women and their contribution to India’s economy.

  • English
    Authors: 
    De Lyon, Joshua; Dhingra, Swati;
    Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
    Country: United Kingdom

    Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the UK has been continuing its preparations to leave the EU by the end of 2020. COVID-19 has had a huge negative impact on the UK economy and Brexit will present another profound change in circumstances for UK businesses. Analysing real-time business survey data from the UK, this column shows that sectoral impacts of COVID-19 and Brexit are very different. Sectors that have suffered less during the lockdown are the ones that are exposed to bigger negative impacts from Brexit, as measured by actual effects since the Brexit vote and predicted effects from higher trade barriers with the EU, write Josh De Lyon and Swati Dhingra (LSE).