Purpose and scope of the deliverable: This is a framework report on Policies, Practices and Strategies. All partners have contributed material used in the production of the report which is described in the Work Programme as D2.1. This report seeks to establish a benchmark. With so much in flux, a starting point for identifying sig-nificant policy change is necessary. The benchmark is set at the outset of the project, approximately Q1 (January to March 2020), before the impact of COVID-19 and before the onset/impact of the new Programming Period. As a benchmark, the report seeks to be descriptive; there is no attempt at this stage to introduce any evaluation into the document; nor is there an intention to ’cluster’ case studies or countries – each case stands on its own merit. The attention to policy detail at Case Study level is relatively light. Here we are describing the Policy Framework. Detailed work on the Case Studies will take place later in the project when we have access to survey data and can view the emerging policies following the current hiatus in tourism. This is the first stage of the policy theme running through the three years of SPOT - the Social and Innovative Platform on Cultural Tourism and its Potential towards Deepening Europeanisation. This Framework Paper consists of four parts: Part One: The Executive Summary Part Two: The report on Policies, Practices and Strategies for each of the 15 partners (= Appendix A – Exploration of the Policy Framework) Part Three: A spreadsheet showing broad themes for each of the partners (= Appendix B) Part Four: A list of the sources used in preparing the report
Bardi A.; Kuchma I.; Pavone G.; Artini M.; Atzori C.; Backer A.; Baglioni M.; Czerniak A.; De Bonis M.; Dimitropoulos H.; +13 more
Bardi A.; Kuchma I.; Pavone G.; Artini M.; Atzori C.; Backer A.; Baglioni M.; Czerniak A.; De Bonis M.; Dimitropoulos H.; Foufoulas I.; Horst M.; Iatropoulou K.; Jacewicz P.; Kokogiannaki A.; La Bruzzo S.; Lazzeri E.; Lohden A.; Manghi P.; Mannocci A.; Manola N.; Ottonello E.; Schirrwagen J.;
Project: EC | OpenAIRE-Advance (777541)
This dump provides access to the metadata records of publications, research data, software and projects that may be relevant to the Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) fight. The dump contains records of the OpenAIRE COVID-19 Gateway (https://covid-19.openaire.eu/), identified via full-text mining and inference techniques applied to the OpenAIRE Research Graph (https://explore.openaire.eu/). The Graph is one of the largest Open Access collections of metadata records and links between publications, datasets, software, projects, funders, and organizations, aggregating 12,000+ scientific data sources world-wide, among which the Covid-19 data sources Zenodo COVID-19 Community, WHO (World Health Organization), BIP! FInder for COVID-19, Protein Data Bank, Dimensions, scienceOpen, and RSNA. The dump consists of a gzip file containing one json per line. Each json is compliant to the schema available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3974226
International audience; Avant de se propager à l’échelle mondiale, l’épidémie de coronavirus est apparue dans la province du Hubei. Pour contenir la propagation du virus, le gouvernement chinois a imposé des mesures de quarantaine, entraînant un ralentissement de l’activité économique. Nous étudions ici la manière dont ce ralentissement de la production, initialement limité à la province de Hubei, se diffuse à l’économie mondiale via les chaînes de valeur internationales. La dépendance à l’égard des intrants chinois a augmenté de manière spectaculaire depuis le début des années 2000. De ce fait, la plupart des pays sont exposés au ralentissement de l’activité en Chine, à la fois directement via leurs importations de produits intermédiaires chinois et indirectement, du fait de la valeur ajoutée chinoise incorporée à d’autres intrants à la production. Cette note quantifie l’exposition totale de la France comparée à celle d’autres pays. Dans un premier temps, nous calculons la part de la valeur ajoutée chinoise dans la production française. Ensuite, nous utilisons des données au niveau des pays et des secteurs pour quantifier l’impact des mesures de quarantaine sur le PIB français.
We propose a standardized approach for performance assessment and quality-control of the novel VASCOVID system based on optical phantoms. This approach is tailored to meet the requirements of the Medical Device Regulation, and is extendable to other biophotonics devices.
The H-Watch is a fully open-sourde wearable long-lasting smart monitoring platform for health monitoring and tracking. Thanks to the integrated state-of-the-art NB-IoT cellular technology, it provides direct and secure cloud connectivity. It is based on widely available off-the-shelf components; however, it is designed with low-power and on-board intelligence in mind. Experimentalresults demonstrated only 5.9 mW of average power consumption, leading to a lifetime of 9 days on a small watch battery wothout, and up to 20 days with the solarenergy harvester.
Chafika Benzaid; Pol Alemany; Dhouha Ayed; G. Chollon; Maria Christopoulou; Gürkan Gür; Vincent Lefebvre; Edgardo Montes de Oca; Raul Muñoz; Jordi Ortiz; +5 more
Chafika Benzaid; Pol Alemany; Dhouha Ayed; G. Chollon; Maria Christopoulou; Gürkan Gür; Vincent Lefebvre; Edgardo Montes de Oca; Raul Muñoz; Jordi Ortiz; Antonio Pastor; Ramon Sanchez-Iborra; Tarib Taleb; Ricard. Vilalta; George. Xilouris;
5G’s capabilities and flexibility hold the promise of further facilitating the society’s digitalization by enabling new services (e.g. remote surgery, advanced industrial applications) and communication modes (e.g. gestures, facial expressions and haptics). Current wireless communication systems do not meet the performance requirements of these new services, such as bandwidth, latency and reliability. Furthermore, the current COVID-19 crisis has fundamentally changed the way the world communicates and operates, accelerating the shift towards a more digital world. Such shift and the new requirements make the need of reliable and high-quality digital services promised by 5G more crucial than ever. To fulfil 5G promises, a shift towards full automation of network and service management and operation is a necessity. However, a major challenge facing full automation is the protection of the network and system assets – services, data and network infrastructure – against potential cybersecurity risks introduced by the unprecedented evolution of the 5G threat landscape. INSPIRE-5Gplus, a 5G-PPP phase 3 project, aims to address these cybersecurity risks by introducing innovative concepts for security management of 5G networks and beyond at the level of platforms and vertical applications and services. To meet this goal, INSPIRE-5Gplus will devise and implement a fully automated end-to-end smart network and service security management framework that empowers not only protection but also trustworthiness and liability in managing 5G network infrastructures across multi-domains. INSPIRE-5Gplus will allow the advancement of the security vision for 5G and beyond through the adoption of a set of emerging trends and technologies; namely, Zero-touch network and Service Management (ZSM), Software-Defined Security (D-SEC) models, Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning (AI/ML) techniques, Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLT), and Trusted Execution Environments (TEE). INSPIRE-5Gplus will ensure that the provided security is compliant with the expected Security Service Level Agreement (SSLA) and regulatory requirements. This White Paper introduces the overall INSPIRE-5Gplus framework's High-Level Architecture, its main functional blocks and their role in enabling intelligent closed-loop security operations. To illustrate how the INSPIRE-5Gplus framework can be applied as a zero-touch security management solution for 5G systems, the White Paper presents a representative set of advanced security use cases. The presented use cases cover different advanced security problems, including: (i) trustworthy composition of network slices using Blockchains (DLT) and secure deployment of E2E network slices in compliance with agreed SSLAs for automotive verticals; (ii) detection of network attacks over encrypted traffic in Service-Based Architectures; (iii) enforcement of E2E encryption policies while leveraging TEE to enable trustworthy execution of encryption-decryption operations; (iv) reactive and proactive protection of E2E network slices using, respectively, anomaly detection and Moving Target Defense mechanisms. The INSPIRE-5Gplus project is currently evolving the architecture, defining the specific set of services to be provided by each functional block and devising the corresponding enablers. As the project's work progresses, we will release new White Papers to share our achievements with the community.
In response to the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, governments worldwide have introduced multiple restriction policies, known as non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). However, there still remains uncertainty about the relative impact of such policies. In this work, we quantitatively assess the eectiveness of NPIs using a causal inference approach. We gather geospatial data to study the eect size of dierent NPIs as measured by change of the reproduction number and mobility trends. Our analysis includes the most frequent NPIs that were applied by 121 countries throughout 2020 until February 2021 as well as country-level information such as mobility and economic, demographic, environmental, social and health indicators. We present findings about the causal impact of five restriction policies - mask wearing, entertainment closure, freedom of movement (border closures), domestic flight restrictions and school closure - and discuss challenges in drawing causal inferences when aggregating multiple countries.
Gonzalez-Leonardo, M.; Potančoková, M.; Yildiz, D.; Rowe, F.;
Gonzalez-Leonardo, M.; Potančoková, M.; Yildiz, D.; Rowe, F.;
Publisher: OSF Preprints
Project: EC | FUME (870649)
Previous studies have examined the impact of COVID-19 on mortality and fertility. However, little is known about the effect of the pandemic on constraining international migration. We quantify the impact of COVID-19 on immigration flows in 15 high-income countries by forecasting their counterfactual levels in 2020 assuming no pandemic and comparing these estimates with observed immigration counts. We then explore potential driving forces, such as stringency measures and changes in unemployment moderating the extent of immigration decline. Our results show that immigration declined in all countries, except in Finland. Yet, significant cross-national variations exist. Australia (60%), Spain (45%) and Sweden (36%) display the largest declines, while immigration decreased by between 15% and 30% in seven states, and by less than 15% in four where results were not statistically significant. International travel, mobility restrictions and stay-at-home requirements exhibit a relationship with declines in immigration, although countries with similar levels of stringency witnessed different intensities of decline. Work and school closings and unemployment show no relationship