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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
37 Research products, page 1 of 4

  • COVID-19
  • Other research products
  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vicens P; Heredia L; Bustamante E; Pérez Y; Domingo JL; Torrente M;

    The petrochemical industry has made the economic development of many local communities possible, increasing employment opportunities and generating a complex network of closely-related secondary industries. However, it is known that petrochemical industries emit air pollutants, which have been related to different negative effects on mental health. In addition, many people around the world are being exposed to highly stressful situations deriving from the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdowns adopted by national and regional governments. The present study aims to analyse the possible differential effects on various psychological outcomes (stress, anxiety, depression and emotional regulation strategies) stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic and consequent lockdown experienced by individuals living near an important petrochemical complex and subjects living in other areas, nonexposed to the characteristic environmental pollutants emitted by these kinds of complex. The sample consisted of 1607 subjects who answered an ad hoc questionnaire on lockdown conditions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ). The results indicate that people living closer to petrochemical complexes reported greater risk perception [K = 73.42, p < 0.001, with a medium size effect (η = 0.061)]. However, no significant relationship between psychological variables and proximity to the focus was detected when comparing people living near to or far away from a chemical/petrochemical complex. Regarding the adverse psychological effects of the first lockdown due to COVID-19 on the general population in Catalonia, we can conclude that the conditions included in this survey were mai

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Morales-Vives F; Dueñas JM; Ferrando PJ; Vigil-Colet A; Varea MD;

    Several studies in different countries have reported that part of the population does not fully comply with the measures recommended to prevent COVID-19, and therefore poses a risk to public health. For this reason, several measures have been developed to assess the level of compliance, although many of them have methodological limitations or do not include a comprehensive set of items. The main goal of the current study was to develop a new instrument with suitable psychometric properties, which includes a more complete set of items and controls the impact of acquiescence bias. The participants were 1410 individuals (59.2% women) from Spain, who answered the new questionnaire and several items on sociodemographic and attitudinal issues. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out, and the results suggested that only one content factor was underlying the data. This solution was replicated in a different subsample, which shows the stability of the solution. Furthermore, the relationships between the scores of the new questionnaire and the sociodemographic and attitudinal variables are similar to those obtained in previous studies, which can be regarded as evidence of the validity of the new questionnaire.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    We have before us the sixth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology. This is the second issue in a row dedicated to the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. After the overwhelming response from all over the world to the call for papers and provocative inspections that ensued, here we wanted to discuss the ways in which technology shapes and enables work in the areas of music, arts, humanities, and the education process, this time inviting our collaborators to discuss the shortcomings and struggles of the working processes in these fields. The main theme, “Music, Art and Humanities in the Time of Global Crisis”, expanded from the Main Theme section into the interviews as well.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chatterjee, Avishek; Nardi, Cosimo; Oberije, Cary; Lambin, Philippe;
    Country: Netherlands

    Background: Searching through the COVID-19 research literature to gain actionable clinical insight is a formidable task, even for experts. The usefulness of this corpus in terms of improving patient care is tied to the ability to see the big picture that emerges when the studies are seen in conjunction rather than in isolation. When the answer to a search query requires linking together multiple pieces of information across documents, simple keyword searches are insufficient. To answer such complex information needs, an innovative artificial intelligence (AI) technology named a knowledge graph (KG) could prove to be effective. Methods: We conducted an exploratory literature review of KG applications in the context of COVID-19. The search term used was "covid-19 knowledge graph". In addition to PubMed, the first five pages of search results for Google Scholar and Google were considered for inclusion. Google Scholar was used to include non-peer-reviewed or non-indexed articles such as pre-prints and conference proceedings. Google was used to identify companies or consortiums active in this domain that have not published any literature, peer-reviewed or otherwise. Results: Our search yielded 34 results on PubMed and 50 results each on Google and Google Scholar. We found KGs being used for facilitating literature search, drug repurposing, clinical trial mapping, and risk factor analysis. Conclusions: Our synopses of these works make a compelling case for the utility of this nascent field of research.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Caselli, Tommaso (University of Groningen); Egger, Clara (University of Groningen); Tziafas, Georgios (University of Groningen); De Saint-Phalle, Eugenie (University of Groningen);
    Publisher: DataverseNL

    EXCEPTIUS Corpus v1.0, containing the following data: - raw documents for 21 countries at national level - pre-processed data with spacy-udpipe v1.0 - automatically annotated documents for the identification of exceptional measures at sentence level Country list (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2): AT, BE, HR, CY, CZ, DK, FR, DE, HU, IE, IT, LV, LT, NL, NO, PL, SI, SE, CH, UK Folder structure: each country has a dedicated folder. Inside each folder you will find the following subfolders: - raw_text: the raw text data (.txt format) - processed: the output of the spacy-udpipe v1.0 - each line is a sentence, containing the following info: tokens, lemma, POS, UD dependency relations - model: the predictions of the trained model (XML pre@36 as reported in Table 4 of the paper). Each line is a sentence, separate by 9 tab - each for a exceptional measure class. 1: signals presence of a class. The Italy and Norway folder misses the predictions of the models.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Iftimie S; López-Azcona AF; Vicente-Miralles M; Descarrega-Reina R; Hernández-Aguilera A; Riu F; Simó JM; Garrido P; Joven J; Camps J; Castro A;

    Spain is one of the countries that has suffered the most from the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the strain that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, there is a lack of information on the characteristics of this disease in the Spanish population. The objective of this study has been to characterize our patients from an epidemiological point of view and to identify the risk factors associated with mortality in our geographical area. We performed a prospective, longitudinal study on 188 hospitalized cases of SARS-Cov-2 infection in Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan, in Reus, Spain, admitted between 15th March 2020 and 30th April 2020. We recorded demographic data, signs and symptoms and comorbidities. We also calculated the Charlson and McCabe indices. A total of 43 deaths occurred during the study period. Deceased patients were older than the survivors (77.7 ± 13.1 vs. 62.8 ± 18.4 years; p < 0.001). Logistic regression analyses showed that fever, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, diabetes mellitus and cancer were the variables that showed independent and statistically significant associations with mortality. The Charlson index was more efficient than the McCabe index in discriminating between deceased and survivors. This is one of the first studies to describe the factors associated with mortality in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Spain, and one of the few in the Mediterranean area. We identified the main factors independently associated with mortality in our population. Further studies are needed to complete and confirm our findings.

  • Open Access Spanish; Castilian
    Authors: 
    Gudiño Rosero, Jairo Fernando;
    Publisher: Universidad del Rosario
    Country: Colombia

    Using a novel database of 189,000+ Colombian firms and 500,000+ firm executives' names, I study the effect of financial factors, CEOs' centrality (corporate power), and political connections on access to a government bailouts program launched to subsidy wages in the first stages of COVID 19 crisis. Natural Language Processing algorithms and complex networks metrics are used to unveil ownership and control links of politic/economic elites and gauge their closeness to the Colombian President. I find that firm size factors and firm age, instead of political-connections or being run by prominent CEOs/shareholders, explain access to the program. In addition, I find that impacts of the program are positive in terms of salaries and liquidity, but they do not increase with firm size and age. These findings suggest a preference for protecting systemically-important firms (without ex-post economic efficiency) rather than special interests of elites.

  • Open Access Dutch; Flemish
    Authors: 
    Van Damme, Ilja;
    Country: Belgium
  • Open Access Spanish
    Authors: 
    Carbonetti, Adrián;
    Publisher: Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

    Resumen Se comparan los escenarios que se generaron en las pandemias de gripe española de 1918-1919 y de covid-19 en Argentina. Se analizan las políticas gubernamentales y desequilibrios estructurales en esa pandemia tomando como casos la ciudad de Buenos Aires y la provincia de Salta. Posteriormente se estudian los mismos tópicos para la pandemia de covid-19. Se describen las políticas nacionales y se analiza la provincia de Jujuy donde el sistema de salud se saturó. Se concluye que a fin de administrar la pandemia es necesario la elaboración de políticas de consenso y solución de los desequilibrios estructurales del país. Abstract This article compares the scenarios generated in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918-1919 and covid-19 in Argentina. It analyzes governmental policies and structural imbalances in the earlier pandemic based on case studies of the city of Buenos Aires and the province of Salta. It then studies those same topics for the covid-19 pandemic. It describes national policies and analyzes the province of Jujuy, where the health care system was overwhelmed. It concludes that in order to manage the pandemic it is necessary to create consensus policies to solve the structural imbalanaces in the country.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    In the seventh issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology, we are continuing our series on themes dedicated to art, music, and humanities in times of global crisis. After dealing with more general questions regarding these areas of creation, in this volume we are thinking about the issue of mental and bodily health during the Covid-19 pandemic and its possible ties and representations in music and art.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
37 Research products, page 1 of 4
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vicens P; Heredia L; Bustamante E; Pérez Y; Domingo JL; Torrente M;

    The petrochemical industry has made the economic development of many local communities possible, increasing employment opportunities and generating a complex network of closely-related secondary industries. However, it is known that petrochemical industries emit air pollutants, which have been related to different negative effects on mental health. In addition, many people around the world are being exposed to highly stressful situations deriving from the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdowns adopted by national and regional governments. The present study aims to analyse the possible differential effects on various psychological outcomes (stress, anxiety, depression and emotional regulation strategies) stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic and consequent lockdown experienced by individuals living near an important petrochemical complex and subjects living in other areas, nonexposed to the characteristic environmental pollutants emitted by these kinds of complex. The sample consisted of 1607 subjects who answered an ad hoc questionnaire on lockdown conditions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ). The results indicate that people living closer to petrochemical complexes reported greater risk perception [K = 73.42, p < 0.001, with a medium size effect (η = 0.061)]. However, no significant relationship between psychological variables and proximity to the focus was detected when comparing people living near to or far away from a chemical/petrochemical complex. Regarding the adverse psychological effects of the first lockdown due to COVID-19 on the general population in Catalonia, we can conclude that the conditions included in this survey were mai

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Morales-Vives F; Dueñas JM; Ferrando PJ; Vigil-Colet A; Varea MD;

    Several studies in different countries have reported that part of the population does not fully comply with the measures recommended to prevent COVID-19, and therefore poses a risk to public health. For this reason, several measures have been developed to assess the level of compliance, although many of them have methodological limitations or do not include a comprehensive set of items. The main goal of the current study was to develop a new instrument with suitable psychometric properties, which includes a more complete set of items and controls the impact of acquiescence bias. The participants were 1410 individuals (59.2% women) from Spain, who answered the new questionnaire and several items on sociodemographic and attitudinal issues. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out, and the results suggested that only one content factor was underlying the data. This solution was replicated in a different subsample, which shows the stability of the solution. Furthermore, the relationships between the scores of the new questionnaire and the sociodemographic and attitudinal variables are similar to those obtained in previous studies, which can be regarded as evidence of the validity of the new questionnaire.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    We have before us the sixth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology. This is the second issue in a row dedicated to the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. After the overwhelming response from all over the world to the call for papers and provocative inspections that ensued, here we wanted to discuss the ways in which technology shapes and enables work in the areas of music, arts, humanities, and the education process, this time inviting our collaborators to discuss the shortcomings and struggles of the working processes in these fields. The main theme, “Music, Art and Humanities in the Time of Global Crisis”, expanded from the Main Theme section into the interviews as well.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chatterjee, Avishek; Nardi, Cosimo; Oberije, Cary; Lambin, Philippe;
    Country: Netherlands

    Background: Searching through the COVID-19 research literature to gain actionable clinical insight is a formidable task, even for experts. The usefulness of this corpus in terms of improving patient care is tied to the ability to see the big picture that emerges when the studies are seen in conjunction rather than in isolation. When the answer to a search query requires linking together multiple pieces of information across documents, simple keyword searches are insufficient. To answer such complex information needs, an innovative artificial intelligence (AI) technology named a knowledge graph (KG) could prove to be effective. Methods: We conducted an exploratory literature review of KG applications in the context of COVID-19. The search term used was "covid-19 knowledge graph". In addition to PubMed, the first five pages of search results for Google Scholar and Google were considered for inclusion. Google Scholar was used to include non-peer-reviewed or non-indexed articles such as pre-prints and conference proceedings. Google was used to identify companies or consortiums active in this domain that have not published any literature, peer-reviewed or otherwise. Results: Our search yielded 34 results on PubMed and 50 results each on Google and Google Scholar. We found KGs being used for facilitating literature search, drug repurposing, clinical trial mapping, and risk factor analysis. Conclusions: Our synopses of these works make a compelling case for the utility of this nascent field of research.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Caselli, Tommaso (University of Groningen); Egger, Clara (University of Groningen); Tziafas, Georgios (University of Groningen); De Saint-Phalle, Eugenie (University of Groningen);
    Publisher: DataverseNL

    EXCEPTIUS Corpus v1.0, containing the following data: - raw documents for 21 countries at national level - pre-processed data with spacy-udpipe v1.0 - automatically annotated documents for the identification of exceptional measures at sentence level Country list (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2): AT, BE, HR, CY, CZ, DK, FR, DE, HU, IE, IT, LV, LT, NL, NO, PL, SI, SE, CH, UK Folder structure: each country has a dedicated folder. Inside each folder you will find the following subfolders: - raw_text: the raw text data (.txt format) - processed: the output of the spacy-udpipe v1.0 - each line is a sentence, containing the following info: tokens, lemma, POS, UD dependency relations - model: the predictions of the trained model (XML pre@36 as reported in Table 4 of the paper). Each line is a sentence, separate by 9 tab - each for a exceptional measure class. 1: signals presence of a class. The Italy and Norway folder misses the predictions of the models.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Iftimie S; López-Azcona AF; Vicente-Miralles M; Descarrega-Reina R; Hernández-Aguilera A; Riu F; Simó JM; Garrido P; Joven J; Camps J; Castro A;

    Spain is one of the countries that has suffered the most from the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the strain that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, there is a lack of information on the characteristics of this disease in the Spanish population. The objective of this study has been to characterize our patients from an epidemiological point of view and to identify the risk factors associated with mortality in our geographical area. We performed a prospective, longitudinal study on 188 hospitalized cases of SARS-Cov-2 infection in Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan, in Reus, Spain, admitted between 15th March 2020 and 30th April 2020. We recorded demographic data, signs and symptoms and comorbidities. We also calculated the Charlson and McCabe indices. A total of 43 deaths occurred during the study period. Deceased patients were older than the survivors (77.7 ± 13.1 vs. 62.8 ± 18.4 years; p < 0.001). Logistic regression analyses showed that fever, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, diabetes mellitus and cancer were the variables that showed independent and statistically significant associations with mortality. The Charlson index was more efficient than the McCabe index in discriminating between deceased and survivors. This is one of the first studies to describe the factors associated with mortality in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Spain, and one of the few in the Mediterranean area. We identified the main factors independently associated with mortality in our population. Further studies are needed to complete and confirm our findings.

  • Open Access Spanish; Castilian
    Authors: 
    Gudiño Rosero, Jairo Fernando;
    Publisher: Universidad del Rosario
    Country: Colombia

    Using a novel database of 189,000+ Colombian firms and 500,000+ firm executives' names, I study the effect of financial factors, CEOs' centrality (corporate power), and political connections on access to a government bailouts program launched to subsidy wages in the first stages of COVID 19 crisis. Natural Language Processing algorithms and complex networks metrics are used to unveil ownership and control links of politic/economic elites and gauge their closeness to the Colombian President. I find that firm size factors and firm age, instead of political-connections or being run by prominent CEOs/shareholders, explain access to the program. In addition, I find that impacts of the program are positive in terms of salaries and liquidity, but they do not increase with firm size and age. These findings suggest a preference for protecting systemically-important firms (without ex-post economic efficiency) rather than special interests of elites.

  • Open Access Dutch; Flemish
    Authors: 
    Van Damme, Ilja;
    Country: Belgium
  • Open Access Spanish
    Authors: 
    Carbonetti, Adrián;
    Publisher: Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

    Resumen Se comparan los escenarios que se generaron en las pandemias de gripe española de 1918-1919 y de covid-19 en Argentina. Se analizan las políticas gubernamentales y desequilibrios estructurales en esa pandemia tomando como casos la ciudad de Buenos Aires y la provincia de Salta. Posteriormente se estudian los mismos tópicos para la pandemia de covid-19. Se describen las políticas nacionales y se analiza la provincia de Jujuy donde el sistema de salud se saturó. Se concluye que a fin de administrar la pandemia es necesario la elaboración de políticas de consenso y solución de los desequilibrios estructurales del país. Abstract This article compares the scenarios generated in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918-1919 and covid-19 in Argentina. It analyzes governmental policies and structural imbalances in the earlier pandemic based on case studies of the city of Buenos Aires and the province of Salta. It then studies those same topics for the covid-19 pandemic. It describes national policies and analyzes the province of Jujuy, where the health care system was overwhelmed. It concludes that in order to manage the pandemic it is necessary to create consensus policies to solve the structural imbalanaces in the country.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    In the seventh issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology, we are continuing our series on themes dedicated to art, music, and humanities in times of global crisis. After dealing with more general questions regarding these areas of creation, in this volume we are thinking about the issue of mental and bodily health during the Covid-19 pandemic and its possible ties and representations in music and art.