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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
35 Research products, page 1 of 4

  • COVID-19
  • Other research products
  • 2018-2022
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  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    We have before us the sixth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology. This is the second issue in a row dedicated to the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. After the overwhelming response from all over the world to the call for papers and provocative inspections that ensued, here we wanted to discuss the ways in which technology shapes and enables work in the areas of music, arts, humanities, and the education process, this time inviting our collaborators to discuss the shortcomings and struggles of the working processes in these fields. The main theme, “Music, Art and Humanities in the Time of Global Crisis”, expanded from the Main Theme section into the interviews as well.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vicens P; Heredia L; Bustamante E; Pérez Y; Domingo JL; Torrente M;

    The petrochemical industry has made the economic development of many local communities possible, increasing employment opportunities and generating a complex network of closely-related secondary industries. However, it is known that petrochemical industries emit air pollutants, which have been related to different negative effects on mental health. In addition, many people around the world are being exposed to highly stressful situations deriving from the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdowns adopted by national and regional governments. The present study aims to analyse the possible differential effects on various psychological outcomes (stress, anxiety, depression and emotional regulation strategies) stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic and consequent lockdown experienced by individuals living near an important petrochemical complex and subjects living in other areas, nonexposed to the characteristic environmental pollutants emitted by these kinds of complex. The sample consisted of 1607 subjects who answered an ad hoc questionnaire on lockdown conditions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ). The results indicate that people living closer to petrochemical complexes reported greater risk perception [K = 73.42, p < 0.001, with a medium size effect (η = 0.061)]. However, no significant relationship between psychological variables and proximity to the focus was detected when comparing people living near to or far away from a chemical/petrochemical complex. Regarding the adverse psychological effects of the first lockdown due to COVID-19 on the general population in Catalonia, we can conclude that the conditions included in this survey were mai

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Caselli, Tommaso (University of Groningen); Egger, Clara (University of Groningen); Tziafas, Georgios (University of Groningen); De Saint-Phalle, Eugenie (University of Groningen);
    Publisher: DataverseNL

    EXCEPTIUS Corpus v1.0, containing the following data: - raw documents for 21 countries at national level - pre-processed data with spacy-udpipe v1.0 - automatically annotated documents for the identification of exceptional measures at sentence level Country list (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2): AT, BE, HR, CY, CZ, DK, FR, DE, HU, IE, IT, LV, LT, NL, NO, PL, SI, SE, CH, UK Folder structure: each country has a dedicated folder. Inside each folder you will find the following subfolders: - raw_text: the raw text data (.txt format) - processed: the output of the spacy-udpipe v1.0 - each line is a sentence, containing the following info: tokens, lemma, POS, UD dependency relations - model: the predictions of the trained model (XML pre@36 as reported in Table 4 of the paper). Each line is a sentence, separate by 9 tab - each for a exceptional measure class. 1: signals presence of a class. The Italy and Norway folder misses the predictions of the models.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chatterjee, Avishek; Nardi, Cosimo; Oberije, Cary; Lambin, Philippe;
    Country: Netherlands

    Background: Searching through the COVID-19 research literature to gain actionable clinical insight is a formidable task, even for experts. The usefulness of this corpus in terms of improving patient care is tied to the ability to see the big picture that emerges when the studies are seen in conjunction rather than in isolation. When the answer to a search query requires linking together multiple pieces of information across documents, simple keyword searches are insufficient. To answer such complex information needs, an innovative artificial intelligence (AI) technology named a knowledge graph (KG) could prove to be effective. Methods: We conducted an exploratory literature review of KG applications in the context of COVID-19. The search term used was "covid-19 knowledge graph". In addition to PubMed, the first five pages of search results for Google Scholar and Google were considered for inclusion. Google Scholar was used to include non-peer-reviewed or non-indexed articles such as pre-prints and conference proceedings. Google was used to identify companies or consortiums active in this domain that have not published any literature, peer-reviewed or otherwise. Results: Our search yielded 34 results on PubMed and 50 results each on Google and Google Scholar. We found KGs being used for facilitating literature search, drug repurposing, clinical trial mapping, and risk factor analysis. Conclusions: Our synopses of these works make a compelling case for the utility of this nascent field of research.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Iftimie S; López-Azcona AF; Vicente-Miralles M; Descarrega-Reina R; Hernández-Aguilera A; Riu F; Simó JM; Garrido P; Joven J; Camps J; Castro A;

    Spain is one of the countries that has suffered the most from the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the strain that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, there is a lack of information on the characteristics of this disease in the Spanish population. The objective of this study has been to characterize our patients from an epidemiological point of view and to identify the risk factors associated with mortality in our geographical area. We performed a prospective, longitudinal study on 188 hospitalized cases of SARS-Cov-2 infection in Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan, in Reus, Spain, admitted between 15th March 2020 and 30th April 2020. We recorded demographic data, signs and symptoms and comorbidities. We also calculated the Charlson and McCabe indices. A total of 43 deaths occurred during the study period. Deceased patients were older than the survivors (77.7 ± 13.1 vs. 62.8 ± 18.4 years; p < 0.001). Logistic regression analyses showed that fever, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, diabetes mellitus and cancer were the variables that showed independent and statistically significant associations with mortality. The Charlson index was more efficient than the McCabe index in discriminating between deceased and survivors. This is one of the first studies to describe the factors associated with mortality in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Spain, and one of the few in the Mediterranean area. We identified the main factors independently associated with mortality in our population. Further studies are needed to complete and confirm our findings.

  • Other research product . 2020
    Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Lousada, Isabel Cruz;
    Country: Portugal

    UIDB/04647/2020 UIDP/04647/2020 Nada faria supor aquando da publicação do anterior volume que o mundo fosse assolado por tão dramática pandemia – a COVID 19 - que num ápice atingiu o mundo inteiro. A nota mais expressiva de pesar pelas mortes registadas que possamos querer deixar patente ficará sempre muito aquém da tragédia humana sentida; sem precedentes, se atendermos ao facto da velocidade inédita a que se propagou, numa escala global e, mediaticamente, monitorada ao minuto. publishersversion published

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    McGinnis, Ethan Philip;
    Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
    Country: United States

    This essay is comprised of three separate but interconnected sections, each working through at a different level the history of how Southern Illinois came to be called Egypt, and the implications of such a regional nicknaming. In the first, I consider the history of the moniker along with histories of the region through critical discussions of religion, race, and nineteenth century American Egyptomania. In the second, I retrace two cataclysmic events which occurred in Cairo, Illinois, and suggestively implicate by proximity Southern Illinois’ overidentification with Egypt. Finally, I recount and reconsider my own relation to the region and to its history and folklore, and describe my thesis exhibition, which has not yet been mounted due to COVID-19.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    The fifth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology is the second one we are preparing and publishing in the Covid-19 pandemic. And while the theme for the previous issue was conceived in a world unburdened with what has preoccupied our minds and lives in 2020, the theme for this one is directly shaped by it. During the Spring, when we were taken aback by the governmental measures and the fear of the “invisible enemy” (the use of militant vocabulary is rather prominent in the discourse surrounding the virus), the uncertainty for the future grew strong. However, at that time, we could not predict the longevity, brevity and consequences of the pandemic – in December we are still not certain, but we are getting tired. This is why I would like to thank all the authors for working with us in these trying times, unpacking what can only be a beginning of ‘a global crisis’ during the Summer and Autumn of 2020. The main theme of the issue, Music, Art, and Technology in the Time of Global Crisis, strives to capture this period through the lens of workers in art, music, and academia around the world, focusing on the role and place of arts and technology in our/their relocated institutional realities.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Cahyani, T. N. (Tiara); Saputri, A. N. (Astika); Magdalena, I. (Ina);
    Publisher: Mataram University
    Country: Indonesia

    SDN Poris Pelawad 1 is a school located in one of the areas in Tangerang City, precisely in Poris Pelawad Village. Since the covid-19 outbreak, which requires all Indonesian citizens and even all over the world to apply WFH (Work Form Home) where the continuity of teaching and learning is also carried out online (In the Network) using media that we already recognize with the term zoom meeting or other media that saves usage. internet package, so that students in the learning process will produce a good ending. Learning is basically a process of interaction between educators and students, both direct (face-to-face) and indirect (learning activities using learning media in web applications). In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, teaching and learning activities are recommended to use an online learning model. The government has also provided assistance to students and educators in an effort to provide a free quota of 50GB every month, the level of the amount of the quota depends on the level of education as well, starting from elementary, junior high, high school to college, why is there a need for differences in the amount of quota distribution. Because each level requires different power, the higher the level of majority education, the more power needs that must be spent to achieve something that is expected. This study used an interview method to one of the teachers of SDN Poris Pelawad 1. The interview was conducted directly / offline by approaching the resource person.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Martin, Kimberly Janay;
    Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
    Country: United States

    Black Americans presently and have historically faced disproportionately negative experiences in the U.S. healthcare system, as spotlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In my dissertation, I employ diverse methodologies, including quantitative analyses of nationally representative data, qualitative analyses of focus groups, and experimental methods aiming to understand and illuminate potential ways to address Black Americans’ experiences of injustice in healthcare. The introduction (Chapter 1) builds upon previous research to illustrate a model which emphasizes the importance of individuals and systems (and the histories of individuals and systems) to better understand racial injustice in healthcare. In Chapter 2, I provide a narrative review of the present and historical experiences of Black Americans in the healthcare system. Next, in Chapter 3, across two studies (N=13,054), including a nationally representative sample of Black and White Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic, Black (relative to White) Americans reported less positive experiences in healthcare, which explained early COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy and lower medical system trust. Current knowledge of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was not related significantly to medical trust or vaccination intention, however. In Chapter 4, qualitative data and thematic analysis were used to interrogate the quality of healthcare provider-Black patient interactions in a sample of 37 Black American women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. In a community-academic collaboration, three focus groups were conducted across California. Results demonstrated that participants experienced discrimination, stereotyping, and hostility from healthcare providers and within the healthcare system which undermined their medical trust. Further, participants offered suggestions for improving the healthcare experiences of Black women diagnosed with breast cancer. A critical step toward dismantling racial injustice is acknowledging its existence. Thus, in Chapter 5, I tested specific ways to shift dominant group members’ perceptions to recognize both individual and systemic racism and how to increase behavioral intentions to combat injustice in healthcare. Results from this online experiment conducted with 1853 adults suggested that when White Americans learned about critical Black history in healthcare (i.e., history of injustice) vs. celebratory Black history (i.e., history of achievement) or control information, they reported significantly more perspective-taking with Black Americans, which in turn predicted more individual and systemic racism recognition and support for anti-racist policies in healthcare. Ultimately, my dissertation studies highlight specific experiences of injustice that Black Americans face in healthcare and identifies a mechanism to increase White Americans’ recognition of and support for addressing injustices toward Black Americans.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
35 Research products, page 1 of 4
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    We have before us the sixth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology. This is the second issue in a row dedicated to the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. After the overwhelming response from all over the world to the call for papers and provocative inspections that ensued, here we wanted to discuss the ways in which technology shapes and enables work in the areas of music, arts, humanities, and the education process, this time inviting our collaborators to discuss the shortcomings and struggles of the working processes in these fields. The main theme, “Music, Art and Humanities in the Time of Global Crisis”, expanded from the Main Theme section into the interviews as well.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vicens P; Heredia L; Bustamante E; Pérez Y; Domingo JL; Torrente M;

    The petrochemical industry has made the economic development of many local communities possible, increasing employment opportunities and generating a complex network of closely-related secondary industries. However, it is known that petrochemical industries emit air pollutants, which have been related to different negative effects on mental health. In addition, many people around the world are being exposed to highly stressful situations deriving from the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdowns adopted by national and regional governments. The present study aims to analyse the possible differential effects on various psychological outcomes (stress, anxiety, depression and emotional regulation strategies) stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic and consequent lockdown experienced by individuals living near an important petrochemical complex and subjects living in other areas, nonexposed to the characteristic environmental pollutants emitted by these kinds of complex. The sample consisted of 1607 subjects who answered an ad hoc questionnaire on lockdown conditions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ). The results indicate that people living closer to petrochemical complexes reported greater risk perception [K = 73.42, p < 0.001, with a medium size effect (η = 0.061)]. However, no significant relationship between psychological variables and proximity to the focus was detected when comparing people living near to or far away from a chemical/petrochemical complex. Regarding the adverse psychological effects of the first lockdown due to COVID-19 on the general population in Catalonia, we can conclude that the conditions included in this survey were mai

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Caselli, Tommaso (University of Groningen); Egger, Clara (University of Groningen); Tziafas, Georgios (University of Groningen); De Saint-Phalle, Eugenie (University of Groningen);
    Publisher: DataverseNL

    EXCEPTIUS Corpus v1.0, containing the following data: - raw documents for 21 countries at national level - pre-processed data with spacy-udpipe v1.0 - automatically annotated documents for the identification of exceptional measures at sentence level Country list (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2): AT, BE, HR, CY, CZ, DK, FR, DE, HU, IE, IT, LV, LT, NL, NO, PL, SI, SE, CH, UK Folder structure: each country has a dedicated folder. Inside each folder you will find the following subfolders: - raw_text: the raw text data (.txt format) - processed: the output of the spacy-udpipe v1.0 - each line is a sentence, containing the following info: tokens, lemma, POS, UD dependency relations - model: the predictions of the trained model (XML pre@36 as reported in Table 4 of the paper). Each line is a sentence, separate by 9 tab - each for a exceptional measure class. 1: signals presence of a class. The Italy and Norway folder misses the predictions of the models.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chatterjee, Avishek; Nardi, Cosimo; Oberije, Cary; Lambin, Philippe;
    Country: Netherlands

    Background: Searching through the COVID-19 research literature to gain actionable clinical insight is a formidable task, even for experts. The usefulness of this corpus in terms of improving patient care is tied to the ability to see the big picture that emerges when the studies are seen in conjunction rather than in isolation. When the answer to a search query requires linking together multiple pieces of information across documents, simple keyword searches are insufficient. To answer such complex information needs, an innovative artificial intelligence (AI) technology named a knowledge graph (KG) could prove to be effective. Methods: We conducted an exploratory literature review of KG applications in the context of COVID-19. The search term used was "covid-19 knowledge graph". In addition to PubMed, the first five pages of search results for Google Scholar and Google were considered for inclusion. Google Scholar was used to include non-peer-reviewed or non-indexed articles such as pre-prints and conference proceedings. Google was used to identify companies or consortiums active in this domain that have not published any literature, peer-reviewed or otherwise. Results: Our search yielded 34 results on PubMed and 50 results each on Google and Google Scholar. We found KGs being used for facilitating literature search, drug repurposing, clinical trial mapping, and risk factor analysis. Conclusions: Our synopses of these works make a compelling case for the utility of this nascent field of research.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Iftimie S; López-Azcona AF; Vicente-Miralles M; Descarrega-Reina R; Hernández-Aguilera A; Riu F; Simó JM; Garrido P; Joven J; Camps J; Castro A;

    Spain is one of the countries that has suffered the most from the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the strain that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, there is a lack of information on the characteristics of this disease in the Spanish population. The objective of this study has been to characterize our patients from an epidemiological point of view and to identify the risk factors associated with mortality in our geographical area. We performed a prospective, longitudinal study on 188 hospitalized cases of SARS-Cov-2 infection in Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan, in Reus, Spain, admitted between 15th March 2020 and 30th April 2020. We recorded demographic data, signs and symptoms and comorbidities. We also calculated the Charlson and McCabe indices. A total of 43 deaths occurred during the study period. Deceased patients were older than the survivors (77.7 ± 13.1 vs. 62.8 ± 18.4 years; p < 0.001). Logistic regression analyses showed that fever, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, diabetes mellitus and cancer were the variables that showed independent and statistically significant associations with mortality. The Charlson index was more efficient than the McCabe index in discriminating between deceased and survivors. This is one of the first studies to describe the factors associated with mortality in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Spain, and one of the few in the Mediterranean area. We identified the main factors independently associated with mortality in our population. Further studies are needed to complete and confirm our findings.

  • Other research product . 2020
    Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Lousada, Isabel Cruz;
    Country: Portugal

    UIDB/04647/2020 UIDP/04647/2020 Nada faria supor aquando da publicação do anterior volume que o mundo fosse assolado por tão dramática pandemia – a COVID 19 - que num ápice atingiu o mundo inteiro. A nota mais expressiva de pesar pelas mortes registadas que possamos querer deixar patente ficará sempre muito aquém da tragédia humana sentida; sem precedentes, se atendermos ao facto da velocidade inédita a que se propagou, numa escala global e, mediaticamente, monitorada ao minuto. publishersversion published

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    McGinnis, Ethan Philip;
    Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
    Country: United States

    This essay is comprised of three separate but interconnected sections, each working through at a different level the history of how Southern Illinois came to be called Egypt, and the implications of such a regional nicknaming. In the first, I consider the history of the moniker along with histories of the region through critical discussions of religion, race, and nineteenth century American Egyptomania. In the second, I retrace two cataclysmic events which occurred in Cairo, Illinois, and suggestively implicate by proximity Southern Illinois’ overidentification with Egypt. Finally, I recount and reconsider my own relation to the region and to its history and folklore, and describe my thesis exhibition, which has not yet been mounted due to COVID-19.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    Open Access English
    Publisher: Sarajevo : INSAM Institute for Contemporary Artistic Music
    Country: Serbia

    The fifth issue of INSAM Journal of Contemporary Music, Art and Technology is the second one we are preparing and publishing in the Covid-19 pandemic. And while the theme for the previous issue was conceived in a world unburdened with what has preoccupied our minds and lives in 2020, the theme for this one is directly shaped by it. During the Spring, when we were taken aback by the governmental measures and the fear of the “invisible enemy” (the use of militant vocabulary is rather prominent in the discourse surrounding the virus), the uncertainty for the future grew strong. However, at that time, we could not predict the longevity, brevity and consequences of the pandemic – in December we are still not certain, but we are getting tired. This is why I would like to thank all the authors for working with us in these trying times, unpacking what can only be a beginning of ‘a global crisis’ during the Summer and Autumn of 2020. The main theme of the issue, Music, Art, and Technology in the Time of Global Crisis, strives to capture this period through the lens of workers in art, music, and academia around the world, focusing on the role and place of arts and technology in our/their relocated institutional realities.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Cahyani, T. N. (Tiara); Saputri, A. N. (Astika); Magdalena, I. (Ina);
    Publisher: Mataram University
    Country: Indonesia

    SDN Poris Pelawad 1 is a school located in one of the areas in Tangerang City, precisely in Poris Pelawad Village. Since the covid-19 outbreak, which requires all Indonesian citizens and even all over the world to apply WFH (Work Form Home) where the continuity of teaching and learning is also carried out online (In the Network) using media that we already recognize with the term zoom meeting or other media that saves usage. internet package, so that students in the learning process will produce a good ending. Learning is basically a process of interaction between educators and students, both direct (face-to-face) and indirect (learning activities using learning media in web applications). In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, teaching and learning activities are recommended to use an online learning model. The government has also provided assistance to students and educators in an effort to provide a free quota of 50GB every month, the level of the amount of the quota depends on the level of education as well, starting from elementary, junior high, high school to college, why is there a need for differences in the amount of quota distribution. Because each level requires different power, the higher the level of majority education, the more power needs that must be spent to achieve something that is expected. This study used an interview method to one of the teachers of SDN Poris Pelawad 1. The interview was conducted directly / offline by approaching the resource person.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Martin, Kimberly Janay;
    Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
    Country: United States

    Black Americans presently and have historically faced disproportionately negative experiences in the U.S. healthcare system, as spotlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In my dissertation, I employ diverse methodologies, including quantitative analyses of nationally representative data, qualitative analyses of focus groups, and experimental methods aiming to understand and illuminate potential ways to address Black Americans’ experiences of injustice in healthcare. The introduction (Chapter 1) builds upon previous research to illustrate a model which emphasizes the importance of individuals and systems (and the histories of individuals and systems) to better understand racial injustice in healthcare. In Chapter 2, I provide a narrative review of the present and historical experiences of Black Americans in the healthcare system. Next, in Chapter 3, across two studies (N=13,054), including a nationally representative sample of Black and White Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic, Black (relative to White) Americans reported less positive experiences in healthcare, which explained early COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy and lower medical system trust. Current knowledge of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was not related significantly to medical trust or vaccination intention, however. In Chapter 4, qualitative data and thematic analysis were used to interrogate the quality of healthcare provider-Black patient interactions in a sample of 37 Black American women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. In a community-academic collaboration, three focus groups were conducted across California. Results demonstrated that participants experienced discrimination, stereotyping, and hostility from healthcare providers and within the healthcare system which undermined their medical trust. Further, participants offered suggestions for improving the healthcare experiences of Black women diagnosed with breast cancer. A critical step toward dismantling racial injustice is acknowledging its existence. Thus, in Chapter 5, I tested specific ways to shift dominant group members’ perceptions to recognize both individual and systemic racism and how to increase behavioral intentions to combat injustice in healthcare. Results from this online experiment conducted with 1853 adults suggested that when White Americans learned about critical Black history in healthcare (i.e., history of injustice) vs. celebratory Black history (i.e., history of achievement) or control information, they reported significantly more perspective-taking with Black Americans, which in turn predicted more individual and systemic racism recognition and support for anti-racist policies in healthcare. Ultimately, my dissertation studies highlight specific experiences of injustice that Black Americans face in healthcare and identifies a mechanism to increase White Americans’ recognition of and support for addressing injustices toward Black Americans.