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90 Research products, page 1 of 9

  • COVID-19
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  • 2013-2022
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  • COVID-19

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  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Massimiliano Musi;
    Publisher: Bonomo Editore
    Country: Italy

    The incessant changes in all areas of economy, science, politics and society, with a greater acceleration in recent years, are affecting also the transport regulation, one of the most stable of all the branches of law, having in mind that one of its areas, the Maritime Law, has maintained almost unchanged over the centuries many of the institutes and figures that most characterize it, such as general average, salvage, limitation of the liability of the shipowner, the charterparty, the bill of lading, the role of the master and the crew. In a world in which phenomena such as the Covid-19 pandemic, Brexit and the ever-increasing use of new technologies, despite being profoundly different from each other, have had and certainly do have a prominent role, operators in any sector find themselves having to face, often from one moment to the next, and therefore unexpectedly and in no time, a multiplicity of problems that are largely completely new, in order to avoid, or at least mitigate, the consequences of total or partial paralysis of their activities. Given the circumstances, legislators, national and international regulatory bodies and jurists are called upon to urgently reconsider and/or integrate the disciplines currently in force, both from the public and private aspects, taking into account the critical issues that are gradually emerging. Clearly, in a globalized context like the one we live in, characterized by a strong interconnection of activities and sectors with each other and where the interaction of multiple factors is inevitable, the panorama is of such complexity that, at the time being, no one is yet able to predict what future developments may be in detail, in the full awareness, however, that the playground is in constant becoming. The choice of the regulatory approach to be followed from time to time is far from easy, especially in the knowledge that on the one hand the evolution of legislation, geopolitics, technology and the behavior of operators on the relevant market are closely interconnected, and that on the other hand a not well shaped regulation could become an obstacle to the development of trade and, more generally, of global economy. New phenomena always give rise to unprecedented problems and, if it is not possible to give a full solution to them by means of the rules already in force, the legislators, making use of various forms of regulatory instruments, in terms both of quality and of extension of territorial effectiveness, should implement an evolution of the regulations, introducing new norms or modifying existing ones, also in light of the interests of the different stakeholders, often conflicting and variously declined, and of the practices that in some cases have been established and have remained constant and unchanged for a very long time. The multiplicity and multiformity of the problems that arise must not discourage, but rather act as a further stimulus: in such a tumultuous contingent situation, it is essential to maintain a certain order and an adequate methodological rigor in dealing with the individual problems, putting them into focus one by one, in order to then slowly expand the view and obtain an overall picture. In this perspective, the selected essays collected in this volume examine, in their dual scientific-academic and practical soul, both issues that arise as a result of the new phenomena mentioned above, and more “classic” topics of the matter, but analyzing them having regard to their most recent developments.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    C. Sacerdoti Coen, I. Salvo;
    Publisher: Sun SITE Central Europe
    Country: Italy

    The Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (ICTCS) is the annual conference of the Italian Chapter of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science (IC-EATCS), The purpose of the meeting is to foster the cross-fertilization of ideas stemming from different areas of theoretical computer science. In particular, ICTCS provides an ideal environment where junior researchers and PhD students can meet senior researchers. The topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following: agents, algorithms, argumentation, automata theory, complexity theory, computational logic, computational social choice, concurrency theory, cryptography, discrete mathematics, distributed computing, dynamical systems, formal methods, game theory, graph theory, knowledge representation, languages, model checking, process algebras, quantum computing, rewriting systems, security and trust, semantics, specification and verification, systems biology, theorem proving, type theory. The 22nd Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (ICTCS 2021) has been hosted by the University of Bologna. Due to the worldwide evolution of COVID-19, it was held online on September 13–15, 2021. ICTCS 2021 received 38 submissions (25 regular papers and 13 communications), of which 28 were accepted for presentation at the conference and then published on http://ceurws.org/ (18 regular papers and 10 communications). Each submission was assessed by at least 3 reviewers, for a total of 69 reviewers (23 program committee members plus 46 additional reviewers) producing 114 reviews overall. The authors of the accepted contributions mostly came from Italy (16). Foreign contributions came from USA (2), India (2), Japan (1), Germany (1), Switzerland (1), and Algeria (1). 4 contributions are joint work between italian and foreign authors. ICTCS 2021 was attended by 68 people.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Adeloye, Davies; Elneima, Omer; Daines, Luke; Poinasamy, Krisnah; Quint, Jennifer K.; Walker, Samantha; Brightling, Chris E.; Siddiqui, Salman; Hurst, John R.; Chalmers, James D.; +7 more
    Country: Netherlands

    Persistent ill health after acute COVID-19—referred to as long COVID, the post-acute COVID-19 syndrome, or the post-COVID-19 condition—has emerged as a major concern. We undertook an international consensus exercise to identify research priorities with the aim of understanding the long-term effects of acute COVID-19, with a focus on people with pre-existing airways disease and the occurrence of new-onset airways disease and associated symptoms. 202 international experts were invited to submit a minimum of three research ideas. After a two-phase internal review process, a final list of 98 research topics was scored by 48 experts. Patients with pre-existing or post-COVID-19 airways disease contributed to the exercise by weighting selected criteria. The highest-ranked research idea focused on investigation of the relationship between prognostic scores at hospital admission and morbidity at 3 months and 12 months after hospital discharge in patients with and without pre-existing airways disease. High priority was also assigned to comparisons of the prevalence and severity of post-COVID-19 fatigue, sarcopenia, anxiety, depression, and risk of future cardiovascular complications in patients with and without pre-existing airways disease. Our approach has enabled development of a set of priorities that could inform future research studies and funding decisions. This prioritisation process could also be adapted to other, non-respiratory aspects of long COVID.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    De Vries, Anita; Brenninkmeijer, V.; van Vuuren, Tinka; De Cuyper, Nele; Leerstoel Taris; Work and Organizational Psychology: Occupational Health Psychology;
    Country: Netherlands

    De COVID-19-pandemie en de daarmee gepaard gaande maatregelen hebben een enorme impact op onze samenleving. Naast directe gevolgen voor onze gezondheid en ons psychologisch welbevinden, zijn er belangrijke consequenties op het gebied van werk en inkomen. Ook al weten we niet hoe toekomstige ontwikkelingen rondom het virus eruit zullen zien, COVID-19 kan nu al beschouwd worden als een game changer die de manier waarop werknemers en organisaties opereren ingrijpend heeft veranderd.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    A. Manuti, A. Lo Presti, B. Van Der Heijden, P. Kruyen, A. De Vos, M. Zaharie; A. Manuti, A. Lo Presti, B. Van Der Heijden, P. Kruyen, A. De Vos, M. Zaharie; Manuti, A.; Lo Presti, A.; Van Der Heijden, B.; Kruyen, P.; De Vos, A.; Zaharie, M.;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
    Country: Italy
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Toniolo, Sofia; Scarioni, Marta; di Lorenzo, Francesco; Hort, Jakub; Georges, Jean; Tomic, Svetlana; Nobili, Flavio; Frederiksen, Kristian Steen; Bonanni, Laura;
    Country: Netherlands

    Cognitive impairment following SARS-CoV-2 infection is being increasingly recognized as an acute and possibly also long-term sequela of the disease. Direct viral entry as well as systemic mechanisms such as cytokine storm are thought to contribute to neuroinflammation in these patients. Biomarkers of COVID-19-induced cognitive impairment are currently lacking, but there is some limited evidence that SARS-CoV-2 could preferentially target the frontal lobes, as suggested by behavioral and dysexecutive symptoms, fronto-temporal hypoperfusion on MRI, EEG slowing in frontal regions, and frontal hypometabolism on 18F-FDG-PET. Possible confounders include cognitive impairment due to hypoxia and mechanical ventilation and post-traumatic stress disorder. Conversely, patients already suffering from dementia, as well as their caregivers, have been greatly impacted by the disruption of their care caused by COVID-19. Patients with dementia have experienced worsening of cognitive, behavioral, and psychological symptoms, and the rate of COVID-19-related deaths is disproportionately high among cognitively impaired people. Multiple factors, such as difficulties in remembering and executing safeguarding procedures, age, comorbidities, residing in care homes, and poorer access to hospital standard of care play a role in the increased morbidity and mortality. Non-pharmacological interventions and new technologies have shown a potential for the management of patients with dementia, and for the support of their caregivers.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Huang, Futao; Craciun, Daniela; de Wit, Hans;
    Country: Netherlands
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Nora Reyes, Richard Connor, Nils M. Kriege, Daniyal Kazempour, Ilaria Bartolini, Erich Schubert, Jian-Jia Chen; Nora Reye; Richard Connor; Nils M. Kriege; Daniyal Kazempour; Ilaria Bartolini; Erich Schubert; Jian-Jia Chen;
    Publisher: Springer, Cham
    Country: Italy

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Similarity Search and Applications, SISAP 2021, held in Dortmund, Germany, in September/October 2021. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 23 full papers presented together with 5 short and 3 doctoral symposium papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 50 submissions. The papers are organized in the topical sections named: ​Similarity Search and Retrieval; Intrinsic Dimensionality; Clustering and Classification; Applications of Similarity Search; Similarity Search in Graph-Structured Data; Doctoral Symposium.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Alemanno, A.; Bialasiewicz, L.;
    Country: Netherlands

    This article discusses some of the challenges posed by the introduction of COVID-19 certificates as a privileged tool for opening up mobility and access in order to restore a semblance of normality to social life. While at present there is no international consensus either on how - or why - such certificates should be used or on how they should be designed and applied, a growing number of countries have already introduced COVID-19 certificates in one form or another. Yet the scientific community as well as the World Health Organisation (WHO) have expressed caution, noting that such certificates might disproportionately discriminate against people on the basis of race, religion and socioeconomic background, as well as on the basis of age due to the sequencing of the vaccine rollout. Indeed, while the new COVID-19 certificates may appear to promise a magical solution enabling us to free up global mobility and reopen economies, they actually risk creating new borders and new forms of inequality through an exclusionary sorting and profiling mechanism that delimits "safe" from "unsafe" bodies, based on differential access to "immuno-privilege"- but also differential forms of "bio-securitisation". They also provide an illusion of pandemic safety - assuring citizens that through the "fetish" of the certificate "safe travel" can magically be reinstated. Securing territories and populations has always been, in Foucauldian terms, a matter of "making a division between good and bad circulation and maximizing the good circulation by diminishing the bad". We can therefore reasonably expect growing contestation, including before courts, around COVID-19 certificates in their different national and international iterations, as their inherently discriminatory nature and other unintended consequences such as those stemming from the use of persuasive - as opposed to the more traditional coercive - governmental power begin to unfold in their performative trajectory.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Dórea, Fernanda C.; Vergne, Timothée; Brennan, Marnie; Schaik, Gerdien van; Barrett, Damien; Carmo, Luís Pedro; Robinson, Philip A.; Brodbelt, Dave C.; McIntyre, K. Marie;
    Country: Netherlands
Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
90 Research products, page 1 of 9
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Massimiliano Musi;
    Publisher: Bonomo Editore
    Country: Italy

    The incessant changes in all areas of economy, science, politics and society, with a greater acceleration in recent years, are affecting also the transport regulation, one of the most stable of all the branches of law, having in mind that one of its areas, the Maritime Law, has maintained almost unchanged over the centuries many of the institutes and figures that most characterize it, such as general average, salvage, limitation of the liability of the shipowner, the charterparty, the bill of lading, the role of the master and the crew. In a world in which phenomena such as the Covid-19 pandemic, Brexit and the ever-increasing use of new technologies, despite being profoundly different from each other, have had and certainly do have a prominent role, operators in any sector find themselves having to face, often from one moment to the next, and therefore unexpectedly and in no time, a multiplicity of problems that are largely completely new, in order to avoid, or at least mitigate, the consequences of total or partial paralysis of their activities. Given the circumstances, legislators, national and international regulatory bodies and jurists are called upon to urgently reconsider and/or integrate the disciplines currently in force, both from the public and private aspects, taking into account the critical issues that are gradually emerging. Clearly, in a globalized context like the one we live in, characterized by a strong interconnection of activities and sectors with each other and where the interaction of multiple factors is inevitable, the panorama is of such complexity that, at the time being, no one is yet able to predict what future developments may be in detail, in the full awareness, however, that the playground is in constant becoming. The choice of the regulatory approach to be followed from time to time is far from easy, especially in the knowledge that on the one hand the evolution of legislation, geopolitics, technology and the behavior of operators on the relevant market are closely interconnected, and that on the other hand a not well shaped regulation could become an obstacle to the development of trade and, more generally, of global economy. New phenomena always give rise to unprecedented problems and, if it is not possible to give a full solution to them by means of the rules already in force, the legislators, making use of various forms of regulatory instruments, in terms both of quality and of extension of territorial effectiveness, should implement an evolution of the regulations, introducing new norms or modifying existing ones, also in light of the interests of the different stakeholders, often conflicting and variously declined, and of the practices that in some cases have been established and have remained constant and unchanged for a very long time. The multiplicity and multiformity of the problems that arise must not discourage, but rather act as a further stimulus: in such a tumultuous contingent situation, it is essential to maintain a certain order and an adequate methodological rigor in dealing with the individual problems, putting them into focus one by one, in order to then slowly expand the view and obtain an overall picture. In this perspective, the selected essays collected in this volume examine, in their dual scientific-academic and practical soul, both issues that arise as a result of the new phenomena mentioned above, and more “classic” topics of the matter, but analyzing them having regard to their most recent developments.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    C. Sacerdoti Coen, I. Salvo;
    Publisher: Sun SITE Central Europe
    Country: Italy

    The Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (ICTCS) is the annual conference of the Italian Chapter of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science (IC-EATCS), The purpose of the meeting is to foster the cross-fertilization of ideas stemming from different areas of theoretical computer science. In particular, ICTCS provides an ideal environment where junior researchers and PhD students can meet senior researchers. The topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following: agents, algorithms, argumentation, automata theory, complexity theory, computational logic, computational social choice, concurrency theory, cryptography, discrete mathematics, distributed computing, dynamical systems, formal methods, game theory, graph theory, knowledge representation, languages, model checking, process algebras, quantum computing, rewriting systems, security and trust, semantics, specification and verification, systems biology, theorem proving, type theory. The 22nd Italian Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (ICTCS 2021) has been hosted by the University of Bologna. Due to the worldwide evolution of COVID-19, it was held online on September 13–15, 2021. ICTCS 2021 received 38 submissions (25 regular papers and 13 communications), of which 28 were accepted for presentation at the conference and then published on http://ceurws.org/ (18 regular papers and 10 communications). Each submission was assessed by at least 3 reviewers, for a total of 69 reviewers (23 program committee members plus 46 additional reviewers) producing 114 reviews overall. The authors of the accepted contributions mostly came from Italy (16). Foreign contributions came from USA (2), India (2), Japan (1), Germany (1), Switzerland (1), and Algeria (1). 4 contributions are joint work between italian and foreign authors. ICTCS 2021 was attended by 68 people.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Adeloye, Davies; Elneima, Omer; Daines, Luke; Poinasamy, Krisnah; Quint, Jennifer K.; Walker, Samantha; Brightling, Chris E.; Siddiqui, Salman; Hurst, John R.; Chalmers, James D.; +7 more
    Country: Netherlands

    Persistent ill health after acute COVID-19—referred to as long COVID, the post-acute COVID-19 syndrome, or the post-COVID-19 condition—has emerged as a major concern. We undertook an international consensus exercise to identify research priorities with the aim of understanding the long-term effects of acute COVID-19, with a focus on people with pre-existing airways disease and the occurrence of new-onset airways disease and associated symptoms. 202 international experts were invited to submit a minimum of three research ideas. After a two-phase internal review process, a final list of 98 research topics was scored by 48 experts. Patients with pre-existing or post-COVID-19 airways disease contributed to the exercise by weighting selected criteria. The highest-ranked research idea focused on investigation of the relationship between prognostic scores at hospital admission and morbidity at 3 months and 12 months after hospital discharge in patients with and without pre-existing airways disease. High priority was also assigned to comparisons of the prevalence and severity of post-COVID-19 fatigue, sarcopenia, anxiety, depression, and risk of future cardiovascular complications in patients with and without pre-existing airways disease. Our approach has enabled development of a set of priorities that could inform future research studies and funding decisions. This prioritisation process could also be adapted to other, non-respiratory aspects of long COVID.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    De Vries, Anita; Brenninkmeijer, V.; van Vuuren, Tinka; De Cuyper, Nele; Leerstoel Taris; Work and Organizational Psychology: Occupational Health Psychology;
    Country: Netherlands

    De COVID-19-pandemie en de daarmee gepaard gaande maatregelen hebben een enorme impact op onze samenleving. Naast directe gevolgen voor onze gezondheid en ons psychologisch welbevinden, zijn er belangrijke consequenties op het gebied van werk en inkomen. Ook al weten we niet hoe toekomstige ontwikkelingen rondom het virus eruit zullen zien, COVID-19 kan nu al beschouwd worden als een game changer die de manier waarop werknemers en organisaties opereren ingrijpend heeft veranderd.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    A. Manuti, A. Lo Presti, B. Van Der Heijden, P. Kruyen, A. De Vos, M. Zaharie; A. Manuti, A. Lo Presti, B. Van Der Heijden, P. Kruyen, A. De Vos, M. Zaharie; Manuti, A.; Lo Presti, A.; Van Der Heijden, B.; Kruyen, P.; De Vos, A.; Zaharie, M.;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
    Country: Italy
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Toniolo, Sofia; Scarioni, Marta; di Lorenzo, Francesco; Hort, Jakub; Georges, Jean; Tomic, Svetlana; Nobili, Flavio; Frederiksen, Kristian Steen; Bonanni, Laura;
    Country: Netherlands

    Cognitive impairment following SARS-CoV-2 infection is being increasingly recognized as an acute and possibly also long-term sequela of the disease. Direct viral entry as well as systemic mechanisms such as cytokine storm are thought to contribute to neuroinflammation in these patients. Biomarkers of COVID-19-induced cognitive impairment are currently lacking, but there is some limited evidence that SARS-CoV-2 could preferentially target the frontal lobes, as suggested by behavioral and dysexecutive symptoms, fronto-temporal hypoperfusion on MRI, EEG slowing in frontal regions, and frontal hypometabolism on 18F-FDG-PET. Possible confounders include cognitive impairment due to hypoxia and mechanical ventilation and post-traumatic stress disorder. Conversely, patients already suffering from dementia, as well as their caregivers, have been greatly impacted by the disruption of their care caused by COVID-19. Patients with dementia have experienced worsening of cognitive, behavioral, and psychological symptoms, and the rate of COVID-19-related deaths is disproportionately high among cognitively impaired people. Multiple factors, such as difficulties in remembering and executing safeguarding procedures, age, comorbidities, residing in care homes, and poorer access to hospital standard of care play a role in the increased morbidity and mortality. Non-pharmacological interventions and new technologies have shown a potential for the management of patients with dementia, and for the support of their caregivers.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Huang, Futao; Craciun, Daniela; de Wit, Hans;
    Country: Netherlands
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Nora Reyes, Richard Connor, Nils M. Kriege, Daniyal Kazempour, Ilaria Bartolini, Erich Schubert, Jian-Jia Chen; Nora Reye; Richard Connor; Nils M. Kriege; Daniyal Kazempour; Ilaria Bartolini; Erich Schubert; Jian-Jia Chen;
    Publisher: Springer, Cham
    Country: Italy

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Similarity Search and Applications, SISAP 2021, held in Dortmund, Germany, in September/October 2021. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 23 full papers presented together with 5 short and 3 doctoral symposium papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 50 submissions. The papers are organized in the topical sections named: ​Similarity Search and Retrieval; Intrinsic Dimensionality; Clustering and Classification; Applications of Similarity Search; Similarity Search in Graph-Structured Data; Doctoral Symposium.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Alemanno, A.; Bialasiewicz, L.;
    Country: Netherlands

    This article discusses some of the challenges posed by the introduction of COVID-19 certificates as a privileged tool for opening up mobility and access in order to restore a semblance of normality to social life. While at present there is no international consensus either on how - or why - such certificates should be used or on how they should be designed and applied, a growing number of countries have already introduced COVID-19 certificates in one form or another. Yet the scientific community as well as the World Health Organisation (WHO) have expressed caution, noting that such certificates might disproportionately discriminate against people on the basis of race, religion and socioeconomic background, as well as on the basis of age due to the sequencing of the vaccine rollout. Indeed, while the new COVID-19 certificates may appear to promise a magical solution enabling us to free up global mobility and reopen economies, they actually risk creating new borders and new forms of inequality through an exclusionary sorting and profiling mechanism that delimits "safe" from "unsafe" bodies, based on differential access to "immuno-privilege"- but also differential forms of "bio-securitisation". They also provide an illusion of pandemic safety - assuring citizens that through the "fetish" of the certificate "safe travel" can magically be reinstated. Securing territories and populations has always been, in Foucauldian terms, a matter of "making a division between good and bad circulation and maximizing the good circulation by diminishing the bad". We can therefore reasonably expect growing contestation, including before courts, around COVID-19 certificates in their different national and international iterations, as their inherently discriminatory nature and other unintended consequences such as those stemming from the use of persuasive - as opposed to the more traditional coercive - governmental power begin to unfold in their performative trajectory.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Dórea, Fernanda C.; Vergne, Timothée; Brennan, Marnie; Schaik, Gerdien van; Barrett, Damien; Carmo, Luís Pedro; Robinson, Philip A.; Brodbelt, Dave C.; McIntyre, K. Marie;
    Country: Netherlands