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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
380 Research products, page 1 of 38

  • COVID-19
  • Open Access
  • Research Repository of Catalonia

10
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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Katherine S. McGilton; Steven Stewart; Jennifer Bethell; Charlene H. Chu; José Tomás Mateos; Roland Pastells-Peiró; Joan Blanco-Blanco; Miriam Rodríguez-Monforte; Astrid Escrig-Pinol; Montserrat Gea-Sánchez;
    Country: Spain

    Objectives: To access associations between job satisfaction and supervisory support as moderated by stress. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, data collected from 591 nursing assistants in 42 nursing homes in Canada and Spain were analyzed with mixed-effects regression. Results: In both countries, stress related to residents' behaviors was negatively associated with job satisfaction, and, in Canada, it moderated the positive association between supervisory support and job satisfaction. Stress related to family conflict issues moderated the positive association of supervisory support and job satisfaction differently in each location: in Canada, greater stress was associated with a weaker association between supervisory support and job satisfaction; in Spain, this was also observed but only when supervisory support was sufficiently weak. Discussion: Stress was associated with lower job satisfaction and moderated the association of supervisory support and job satisfaction, reinforcing the importance of supervisors supporting nursing assistants, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Keywords: COVID-19; job satisfaction; nurses; nursing assistants; stress; supportive supervisors. This work was supported by the Health Services Research Fund, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Ontario, Canada (Grant # 06694), and College of Nursing of Lleida, the Council of Nursing of Catalonia, and the University of Lleida (Grant # 089352) for Catalonia

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lledó. Gema; Sellarés, Jacobo; Brotons, Carlos; Sans Corrales, Mireia; Díez Antón, Juana, 1962; Blanco Arbués, Julià; Bassat Orellana, Quique; Sarukhan, Adelaida; Campins Martí, Magda; Güerri Fernández, Robert; +2 more
    Publisher: Institut de Salut Global de Barcelona (ISGlobal)
    Country: Spain

    A variety of studies suggest that up to 10-15% of all patients with COVID-19 may present persistent symptomatology weeks or even months after the original infection. Given the accumulated burden of COVID-19 in Catalonia, Spain, we speculate that over 90,000 patients could have been or are currently affected by persistent symptoms or sequelae. The Multidisciplinary Collaborative Group for the Scientific Monitoring of COVID-19 (GCMSC) presents its third report where they propose a clear set of case definitions of Post-Acute COVID syndrome (PACS) and its sub-categories and recommend a comprehensive medical examination to characterise the clinical features and complications when assessing PACS. Additional support from ISGlobal’s Antoni Plasència and Josep M. Antó

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Viscor Carrasco, Ginés;
    Publisher: Asociación The Conversation España
    Country: Spain

    Desde el inicio de la pandemia de la COVID-19, algunos investigadores han tratado de dilucidar los efectos que podrían tener las condiciones ambientales en la propagación del virus del SARS-CoV-2. Varios autores han sugerido que la transmisión del virus podría verse afectada por factores como el frío, la humedad, la exposición a radiación ultravioleta y la vida a grandes alturas.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alba Sabaté Gauxachs; José María Albalad Aiguabella; Míriam Díez Bosch;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Spain

    COVID-19 has driven several global offline communities to go online. Restrictions to the free movement of people in response to the coronavirus pandemic triggered a profound rethinking of jobs, products and services, and among them, the activities of religious communities, which are well consolidated in the offline sphere. In Spain, since the lockdown established by the government in March 2020, the Catholic Church has reinvented its activity, as all the churches and other places of worship have been closed. This constituted a considerable challenge, considering the history and dynamics of the institution. This paper aims to analyze how Catholicism, as one of the most consolidated offline communities, reworked its communication, going online in a matter of days. With this objective, researchers surveyed each and every one of the 70 Spanish dioceses, taking them as representatives of the global Catholic community in the country. Their responses are complemented with an in-depth interview with the Director of Communications at the Spanish Conference of Bishops. The results highlight the huge and unprecedented step towards the digitalization of the community through consistent, creative and efficient action. New methods, platforms and languages have been implemented, even broadening community membership. Despite an offline essence that is still detected in some decisions, this pandemic has brought a new communicative paradigm to the Spanish Catholic community. Digitalization has been consolidated whilst preserving the best aspects of direct contact and action. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Molina Romo, Óscar;
    Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
    Country: Spain

    This publication is one of the individual country reports on working life during 2020 for 29 countries - the 27 EU Member States, Norway and the United Kingdom included int the report Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2020. The country reports summarise first evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on working life based on national research and survey results. It discusses the policy responses of governments and social partners in their efforts to cushion the socioeconomic effects and includes a focus on policy areas that have been accelerated or disrupted due to the crisis. Finally, the reports explore the impact of the pandemic on industrial action, working time and wages.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mª Àngels Colomer; Antoni Margalida; Francesc Alòs; Pilar Oliva-Vidal; Anna Vilella; Lorenzo Fraile;
    Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
    Country: Spain

    We developed an agent-based stochastic model, based on P Systems methodology, to decipher the effects of vaccination and contact tracing on the control of COVID-19 outbreak at population level under different control measures (social distancing, mask wearing and hand hygiene) and epidemiological scenarios. Our findings suggest that without the application of protection social measures, 56.1% of the Spanish population would contract the disease with a mortality of 0.4%. Assuming that 20% of the population was protected by vaccination by the end of the summer of 2021, it would be expected that 45% of the population would contract the disease and 0.3% of the population would die. However, both of these percentages are significantly lower when social measures were adopted, being the best results when social measures are in place and 40% of contacts traced. Our model shows that if 40% of the population can be vaccinated, even without social control measures, the percentage of people who die or recover from infection would fall from 0.41% and 56.1% to 0.16% and 33.5%, respectively compared with an unvaccinated population. When social control measures were applied in concert with vaccination the percentage of people who die or recover from infection diminishes until 0.10% and 14.5%, after vaccinating 40% of the population. Vaccination alone can be crucial in controlling this disease, but it is necessary to vaccinate a significant part of the population and to back this up with social control measures. This article belongs to the Section COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination. This research was funded by University of Lleida. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Eva Jané-Llopis; Peter J. Anderson; Lidia Segura; Edurne Zabaleta; Regina Muñoz; Gemma Ruiz; Jürgen Rehm; Carmen Cabezas; Joan Colom;
    Countries: Spain, Netherlands

    Background: Confinement due to COVID-19 has increased mental ill-health. Few studies unpack the risk and protective factors associated with mental ill-health and addictions that might inform future preparedness. Methods: Cross-sectional on-line survey with 37,810 Catalan residents aged 16+ years from 21 April to 20 May 2020 reporting prevalence of mental ill-health and substance use and associated coping strategies and behaviours. Results: Weighted prevalence of reported depression, anxiety and lack of mental well-being was, respectively, 23, 26, and 75%, each three-fold higher than before confinement. The use of prescribed hypnosedatives was two-fold and of non-prescribed hypnosedatives ten-fold higher than in 2018. Women, younger adults and students were considerably more likely, and older and retired people considerably less likely to report mental ill-health. High levels of social support, dedicating time to oneself, following a routine, and undertaking relaxing activities were associated with half the likelihood of reported mental ill-health. Worrying about problems living at home, the uncertainty of when normality would return, and job loss were associated with more than one and a half times the likelihood of mental ill-health. With the possible exception of moderately severe and severe depression, length of confinement had no association with reported mental ill-health. Conclusions: The trebling of psychiatric symptomatology might lead to either to under-identification of cases and treatment gap, or a saturation of mental health services if these are not matched with prevalence increases. Special attention is needed for the younger adult population. In the presence of potential new confinement, improved mental health literacy of evidence-based coping strategies and resilience building are urgently needed to mitigate mental ill-health. Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV-2; Adicciones; Confinamiento Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV-2; Addictions; Confinement Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV-2; Addiccions; Confinament

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Domínguez García, Àngela;
    Publisher: Asociación The Conversation España
    Country: Spain

    El 31 de diciembre de 2019 la Comisión Municipal de Salud y Sanidad de Wuhan (China) comunicó 27 casos de neumonía, siete de ellos graves, de etiología desconocida. El 12 de enero de 2020 las autoridades chinas compartieron la secuencia genética del agente causal. Se trataba de un coronavirus, hasta entonces desconocido, que denominaron SARS-CoV-2.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Quim Zaldo-Aubanell; Ferran Campillo i López; Albert Bach; Isabel Serra; Joan Olivet-Vila; Marc Saez; David Pino; Roser Maneja;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
    Country: Spain

    The heterogenous distribution of both COVID-19 incidence and mortality in Catalonia (Spain) during the firsts moths of the pandemic suggests that differences in baseline risk factors across regions might play a relevant role in modulating the outcome of the pandemic. This paper investigates the associations between both COVID-19 incidence and mortality and air pollutant concentration levels, and screens the potential effect of the type of agri-food industry and the overall land use and cover (LULC) at area level. We used a main model with demographic, socioeconomic and comorbidity covariates highlighted in previous research as important predictors. This allowed us to take a glimpse of the independent effect of the explanatory variables when controlled for the main model covariates. Our findings are aligned with previous research showing that the baseline features of the regions in terms of general health status, pollutant concentration levels (here NO2 and PM10), type of agri-food industry, and type of land use and land cover have modulated the impact of COVID-19 at a regional scale. This study is among the first to explore the associations between COVID-19 and the type of agri-food industry and LULC data using a population-based approach. The results of this paper might serve as the basis to develop new research hypotheses using a more comprehensive approach, highlighting the inequalities of regions in terms of risk factors and their response to COVID-19, as well as fostering public policies towards more resilient and safer environments. Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Contaminantes del aire; Enfermedades cardiovasculares; Desórdenes psicológicos Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Contaminants atmosfèrics; Malalties cardiovasculars; Trastorns psicològics Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Air pollutants; Cardiovascular diseases; Psychological disorders

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Marcos Rodrigues; Pere J. Gelabert; Aitor Ameztegui; Lluís Coll; Cristina Vega-García;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: Spain
Advanced search in Research products
Research products
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Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
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Include:
The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
380 Research products, page 1 of 38
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Katherine S. McGilton; Steven Stewart; Jennifer Bethell; Charlene H. Chu; José Tomás Mateos; Roland Pastells-Peiró; Joan Blanco-Blanco; Miriam Rodríguez-Monforte; Astrid Escrig-Pinol; Montserrat Gea-Sánchez;
    Country: Spain

    Objectives: To access associations between job satisfaction and supervisory support as moderated by stress. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, data collected from 591 nursing assistants in 42 nursing homes in Canada and Spain were analyzed with mixed-effects regression. Results: In both countries, stress related to residents' behaviors was negatively associated with job satisfaction, and, in Canada, it moderated the positive association between supervisory support and job satisfaction. Stress related to family conflict issues moderated the positive association of supervisory support and job satisfaction differently in each location: in Canada, greater stress was associated with a weaker association between supervisory support and job satisfaction; in Spain, this was also observed but only when supervisory support was sufficiently weak. Discussion: Stress was associated with lower job satisfaction and moderated the association of supervisory support and job satisfaction, reinforcing the importance of supervisors supporting nursing assistants, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Keywords: COVID-19; job satisfaction; nurses; nursing assistants; stress; supportive supervisors. This work was supported by the Health Services Research Fund, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Ontario, Canada (Grant # 06694), and College of Nursing of Lleida, the Council of Nursing of Catalonia, and the University of Lleida (Grant # 089352) for Catalonia

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lledó. Gema; Sellarés, Jacobo; Brotons, Carlos; Sans Corrales, Mireia; Díez Antón, Juana, 1962; Blanco Arbués, Julià; Bassat Orellana, Quique; Sarukhan, Adelaida; Campins Martí, Magda; Güerri Fernández, Robert; +2 more
    Publisher: Institut de Salut Global de Barcelona (ISGlobal)
    Country: Spain

    A variety of studies suggest that up to 10-15% of all patients with COVID-19 may present persistent symptomatology weeks or even months after the original infection. Given the accumulated burden of COVID-19 in Catalonia, Spain, we speculate that over 90,000 patients could have been or are currently affected by persistent symptoms or sequelae. The Multidisciplinary Collaborative Group for the Scientific Monitoring of COVID-19 (GCMSC) presents its third report where they propose a clear set of case definitions of Post-Acute COVID syndrome (PACS) and its sub-categories and recommend a comprehensive medical examination to characterise the clinical features and complications when assessing PACS. Additional support from ISGlobal’s Antoni Plasència and Josep M. Antó

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Viscor Carrasco, Ginés;
    Publisher: Asociación The Conversation España
    Country: Spain

    Desde el inicio de la pandemia de la COVID-19, algunos investigadores han tratado de dilucidar los efectos que podrían tener las condiciones ambientales en la propagación del virus del SARS-CoV-2. Varios autores han sugerido que la transmisión del virus podría verse afectada por factores como el frío, la humedad, la exposición a radiación ultravioleta y la vida a grandes alturas.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alba Sabaté Gauxachs; José María Albalad Aiguabella; Míriam Díez Bosch;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Spain

    COVID-19 has driven several global offline communities to go online. Restrictions to the free movement of people in response to the coronavirus pandemic triggered a profound rethinking of jobs, products and services, and among them, the activities of religious communities, which are well consolidated in the offline sphere. In Spain, since the lockdown established by the government in March 2020, the Catholic Church has reinvented its activity, as all the churches and other places of worship have been closed. This constituted a considerable challenge, considering the history and dynamics of the institution. This paper aims to analyze how Catholicism, as one of the most consolidated offline communities, reworked its communication, going online in a matter of days. With this objective, researchers surveyed each and every one of the 70 Spanish dioceses, taking them as representatives of the global Catholic community in the country. Their responses are complemented with an in-depth interview with the Director of Communications at the Spanish Conference of Bishops. The results highlight the huge and unprecedented step towards the digitalization of the community through consistent, creative and efficient action. New methods, platforms and languages have been implemented, even broadening community membership. Despite an offline essence that is still detected in some decisions, this pandemic has brought a new communicative paradigm to the Spanish Catholic community. Digitalization has been consolidated whilst preserving the best aspects of direct contact and action. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Molina Romo, Óscar;
    Publisher: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
    Country: Spain

    This publication is one of the individual country reports on working life during 2020 for 29 countries - the 27 EU Member States, Norway and the United Kingdom included int the report Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2020. The country reports summarise first evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on working life based on national research and survey results. It discusses the policy responses of governments and social partners in their efforts to cushion the socioeconomic effects and includes a focus on policy areas that have been accelerated or disrupted due to the crisis. Finally, the reports explore the impact of the pandemic on industrial action, working time and wages.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mª Àngels Colomer; Antoni Margalida; Francesc Alòs; Pilar Oliva-Vidal; Anna Vilella; Lorenzo Fraile;
    Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
    Country: Spain

    We developed an agent-based stochastic model, based on P Systems methodology, to decipher the effects of vaccination and contact tracing on the control of COVID-19 outbreak at population level under different control measures (social distancing, mask wearing and hand hygiene) and epidemiological scenarios. Our findings suggest that without the application of protection social measures, 56.1% of the Spanish population would contract the disease with a mortality of 0.4%. Assuming that 20% of the population was protected by vaccination by the end of the summer of 2021, it would be expected that 45% of the population would contract the disease and 0.3% of the population would die. However, both of these percentages are significantly lower when social measures were adopted, being the best results when social measures are in place and 40% of contacts traced. Our model shows that if 40% of the population can be vaccinated, even without social control measures, the percentage of people who die or recover from infection would fall from 0.41% and 56.1% to 0.16% and 33.5%, respectively compared with an unvaccinated population. When social control measures were applied in concert with vaccination the percentage of people who die or recover from infection diminishes until 0.10% and 14.5%, after vaccinating 40% of the population. Vaccination alone can be crucial in controlling this disease, but it is necessary to vaccinate a significant part of the population and to back this up with social control measures. This article belongs to the Section COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination. This research was funded by University of Lleida. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Eva Jané-Llopis; Peter J. Anderson; Lidia Segura; Edurne Zabaleta; Regina Muñoz; Gemma Ruiz; Jürgen Rehm; Carmen Cabezas; Joan Colom;
    Countries: Spain, Netherlands

    Background: Confinement due to COVID-19 has increased mental ill-health. Few studies unpack the risk and protective factors associated with mental ill-health and addictions that might inform future preparedness. Methods: Cross-sectional on-line survey with 37,810 Catalan residents aged 16+ years from 21 April to 20 May 2020 reporting prevalence of mental ill-health and substance use and associated coping strategies and behaviours. Results: Weighted prevalence of reported depression, anxiety and lack of mental well-being was, respectively, 23, 26, and 75%, each three-fold higher than before confinement. The use of prescribed hypnosedatives was two-fold and of non-prescribed hypnosedatives ten-fold higher than in 2018. Women, younger adults and students were considerably more likely, and older and retired people considerably less likely to report mental ill-health. High levels of social support, dedicating time to oneself, following a routine, and undertaking relaxing activities were associated with half the likelihood of reported mental ill-health. Worrying about problems living at home, the uncertainty of when normality would return, and job loss were associated with more than one and a half times the likelihood of mental ill-health. With the possible exception of moderately severe and severe depression, length of confinement had no association with reported mental ill-health. Conclusions: The trebling of psychiatric symptomatology might lead to either to under-identification of cases and treatment gap, or a saturation of mental health services if these are not matched with prevalence increases. Special attention is needed for the younger adult population. In the presence of potential new confinement, improved mental health literacy of evidence-based coping strategies and resilience building are urgently needed to mitigate mental ill-health. Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV-2; Adicciones; Confinamiento Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV-2; Addictions; Confinement Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV-2; Addiccions; Confinament

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Domínguez García, Àngela;
    Publisher: Asociación The Conversation España
    Country: Spain

    El 31 de diciembre de 2019 la Comisión Municipal de Salud y Sanidad de Wuhan (China) comunicó 27 casos de neumonía, siete de ellos graves, de etiología desconocida. El 12 de enero de 2020 las autoridades chinas compartieron la secuencia genética del agente causal. Se trataba de un coronavirus, hasta entonces desconocido, que denominaron SARS-CoV-2.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Quim Zaldo-Aubanell; Ferran Campillo i López; Albert Bach; Isabel Serra; Joan Olivet-Vila; Marc Saez; David Pino; Roser Maneja;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
    Country: Spain

    The heterogenous distribution of both COVID-19 incidence and mortality in Catalonia (Spain) during the firsts moths of the pandemic suggests that differences in baseline risk factors across regions might play a relevant role in modulating the outcome of the pandemic. This paper investigates the associations between both COVID-19 incidence and mortality and air pollutant concentration levels, and screens the potential effect of the type of agri-food industry and the overall land use and cover (LULC) at area level. We used a main model with demographic, socioeconomic and comorbidity covariates highlighted in previous research as important predictors. This allowed us to take a glimpse of the independent effect of the explanatory variables when controlled for the main model covariates. Our findings are aligned with previous research showing that the baseline features of the regions in terms of general health status, pollutant concentration levels (here NO2 and PM10), type of agri-food industry, and type of land use and land cover have modulated the impact of COVID-19 at a regional scale. This study is among the first to explore the associations between COVID-19 and the type of agri-food industry and LULC data using a population-based approach. The results of this paper might serve as the basis to develop new research hypotheses using a more comprehensive approach, highlighting the inequalities of regions in terms of risk factors and their response to COVID-19, as well as fostering public policies towards more resilient and safer environments. Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Contaminantes del aire; Enfermedades cardiovasculares; Desórdenes psicológicos Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Contaminants atmosfèrics; Malalties cardiovasculars; Trastorns psicològics Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Air pollutants; Cardiovascular diseases; Psychological disorders

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Marcos Rodrigues; Pere J. Gelabert; Aitor Ameztegui; Lluís Coll; Cristina Vega-García;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: Spain