Contribution à un site web; During the successive lockdowns caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, 80% of students around the world had to continue their courses online. However, videoconferencing while managing a continuous flow of emails can be exhausting and remote working can be difficult to cope with. A group of researchers, mainly from the Innovation, Technology, Economics & Management Laboratory (LITEM – Univ. Paris-Saclay, Univ. d’Évry, IMT-BS), followed a group of students at Université Paris-Saclay during the first lockdown in Spring 2020. Although some students managed to make the change well, many talked of ‘zoom burnout’ and of no longer being able to face being in front of their screens all day. In fact, whether an individual makes a successful transition to remote learning depends on an element which is often ignored - namely the ability to keep an open mind. [...]
The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”; The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”
The Second ENCORE European conference in October 2021 in Paris, France, has gathered two communities, the Risk Perception and Behaviour Survey of Surveyors (Risk-SoS) and the H2020-DRS01 Cluster on risk perception and adaptive behaviour (a grouping of several Horizon Europe – Disaster Resilient Societies projects, most notably RESILOC, BUILDERS, ENGAGE, LINKS, CORE and Risk PACC). During the Covid-19 pandemic lockdowns in 2020 and 2021 the monthly Risk-SoS webinars have been keeping the risk perception and adaptive behaviour research community together with panels on the role of theories in research on hazards adaptation, resilience and vulnerability. Topics were on risk perception and behaviour across challenges and time, across disciplines and methods, as well as panel and longitudinal approaches, and workshops on theories and methods to advance the design of a collective surveying approach with potentially common questions and answers’ scales to foster comparability. The Risk-SoS webinars have also been discussing the results of the Survey of Surveyors and sustaining the collective effort to build a harmonised approach for risk perception and adaptive behaviour assessment. In an hybrid format, the Second ENCORE conference has gathered 25 researchers and experts from 10 countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) at the Ministry of Research in Paris, France.
IPP PolicyBriefs n 74; Questions linked to the design and implementation of redistributive tax policies have occupied a growing position on the public agenda over recent years. Moreover, the fiscal pressures brought upon by the current coronavirus crisis will ensure that these issues maintain considerable political significance for years to come. In light of this importance, we present novel research on reforms of income tax systems. Our approach shows that tax reforms wherein the changes in individual tax burdens are larger for taxpayers with higher incomes are of particular interest. We denote such reforms as “monotonic” and show that, under this condition, it is possible to determine the “winners” and “losers” of a given tax reform. One can then conclude whether the monotonic reform is politically feasible, depending on whether a majority of individuals will benefit financially from the policy. An empirical analysis of tax reforms with a focus on the United States and France reveals that past reforms have, by and large, been monotonic. Our approach therefore enables us to test whether a given tax system admits a politically feasible reform and has direct policy relevance for the common types of taxation reforms undertaken by government authorities.
The Conversation; COVID-19 cases have risen exponentially in Southeast Asia in the past few months – at one time deaths were increasing at the fastest pace in the world. With the advance of the Delta variant, the region and its 655 million population have now become a pandemic hotspot due to geographical, political and socioeconomic factors.
Trasnform! Europe ePaper; Women workers have been hit particularly hard by the corona crisis, with implications for all areas of life, ranging from health to social and economic issues. This research carried out by feminist sociologist Tania Toffanin examines various consequences of the crisis on women workers‘ lives in Italy.The study is based on the assumption that due to the highly unequal distribution of care work in conjunction with the ongoing reduction in public spending on care services for children and dependent persons, the crisis has a particularly negative impact on women in Italy, especially those working in the service sector. The analysis carried out includes 18 interviews with women workers aged between 25 and 54 living in Northern Italy (Veneto and Lombardy). The interviewees are employed in the sectors particularly affected by the crisis (workers in the canteen and catering sector, workers in the hospitality industry, tourist guides, and workers in the entertainment industry).Among the issue examined are management of work suspension, work-life balance, income difficulties, and the interviewees’ sense of their future prospects. In addition, ten trade unionists from the above-mentioned regions were interviewed. The qualitative analysis was accompanied by analysis of various social and economic indicators.
Avis du Haut Conseil de Santé Publique (HCSP, France); International audience; Covid-19: Complementary recommendations on strategies to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in child care and school settings (HCSP, Avis et Rapports)Yannick Aujard, Anne Berger-Carbonne, Agathe Billette de Villemeur, Daniel Bley, Jean-Marc Brignon, Daniel Camus, Christian Chidiac, HCSP, Nicolas Eterradossi, Éric Gaffet, Jean-François Gehanno, Philippe Hartemann, Didier Lepelletier, Yves Lévi, Francelyne Marano, Philippe Minodier, Brigitte Moltrecht, Jean-Louis Roubaty, Gilles Salvat, Fabien Squinazi, Nicole VernazzaDate du document : 17/09/2020Date de mise en ligne : 27/05/2021https://www.hcsp.fr/Explore.cgi/AvisRapportsDomaine?clefr=1021The High Council of Public Health (HCSP) clarifies its recommendations of 9 September 2020 on strategies to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in childcare facilities and schools.The HCSP takes into consideration the fact that children are at low risk of severe disease and are poorly involved in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Transmission occurs mainly from adult to adult and from adult to child but rarely from child to child or from child to adult. Contaminations occur mainly within families or during social gatherings with a high density of people, outside schools. The wearing of masks by adults in primary school with children under 11 is mainly intended to protect children from contamination by asymptomatic adults who carry the virus. The HCSP recommends:to impose systematic use of a category 1 clothe mask that meets Afnor specifications for professionals in contact with the population;to consider that masks that do not meet Afnor category 1 specifications are not recommended for professionals in contact with children/students;to impose on children over 11 years of age to wear a category 1 mask that preferably meets Afnor specifications.not to consider an adult as “contact” if he/she wears a category 1 clothe mask meeting Afnor specifications or a medical mask when in contact with a child under 11 detected as positive case for Covid-19 and not wearing a mask.The HCSP also provides recommendations concerning contact-tracing in child-care and school and precise when a children/student should go back to school after having been tested positive for Covid-19.Lire en français :Covid-19 : Compléments sur les stratégies de prévention de la diffusion du SARS-CoV-2 en EAJE et milieu scolaire du 17 septembre 2020; Par cet avis complémentaire, le HCSP précise ses recommandations du 9 septembre 2020 concernant les stratégies de prévention de diffusion du SARS-CoV-2 en établissement d’accueil du jeune enfant (EAJE) et en milieu scolaire.Le HCSP prend en considération que les enfants sont peu à risque de forme grave et peu actifs dans la transmission du SARS-CoV-2. Le risque de transmission existe surtout d’adulte à adulte et d’adulte à enfant et rarement d’enfant à enfant ou d’enfant à adulte. Les transmissions surviennent surtout en intra-famille ou lors de regroupements sociaux avec forte densité de personnes en dehors des établissements scolaires. Le port du masque par les adultes dans les classes primaires accueillant des enfants de moins de 11 ans vise surtout à protéger les enfants d’une contamination par des adultes porteurs du virus et asymptomatiques. Le HCSP recommande de :rendre systématique le port préférentiel d’un masque grand public de catégorie 1 répondant aux spécifications de l’Afnor à destination de professionnels au contact de la population ;considérer que les masques grand public ne répondant pas aux spécifications de la catégorie 1 de l’Afnor ne sont pas recommandés pour les professionnels au contact des enfants/élèves ;rendre systématique pour les enfants de plus de 11 ans le port d’un masque grand public répondant de préférence aux spécifications de la catégorie 1 de l’Afnor.ne pas considérer un adulte encadrant comme contact s’il porte un masque grand public de catégorie 1 répondant aux spécifications de l’Afnor ou un masque à usage médical au contact d’un enfant de moins de 11 ans détecté positif Covid-19 ne portant pas de masque.Le HCSP émet aussi des recommandations concernant le contact-tracing dans ces structures et le retour d’éviction des enfants/élèves.
Mambo! vol. XVIII (5).; The politics of access to vaccines against COVID-19 has been discussed in terms of vaccine nationalism and imperialism by the Global North. However, the implication of the pandemic on the ability of African states to act internally and externally to protect the health of their citizens has been obscured. In this blog, we share research findings which address that question with a particular focus on Kenya.
Interview / Conference, French-American Foundation, New York; The rise of right-wing populism is one of the most significant political developments of the last decade. In Europe right-wing populist parties such as the French Rassemblement National have gained traction in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis and, most importantly, during the 2015 migration crisis. In the United-States, populist themes and ideas have played an important role in Donald Trump’s election in 2016 and in his redefinition of the GOP. Adopting a transatlantic perspective, this conference will discuss crucial aspects of the populist phenomenon and its recent manifestations in France and the United States, in the specific context produced by the Covid-19 pandemic, asking whether the current crisis may mark the end of the populist cycle in both countries.