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The following results are related to COVID-19. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
87 Research products, page 1 of 9

  • COVID-19
  • 2017-2021
  • Other ORP type
  • FR
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  • English
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société

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  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    English
    Authors: 
    Shirish, Anuragini;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Contribution à un site web; During the successive lockdowns caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, 80% of students around the world had to continue their courses online. However, videoconferencing while managing a continuous flow of emails can be exhausting and remote working can be difficult to cope with. A group of researchers, mainly from the Innovation, Technology, Economics & Management Laboratory (LITEM – Univ. Paris-Saclay, Univ. d’Évry, IMT-BS), followed a group of students at Université Paris-Saclay during the first lockdown in Spring 2020. Although some students managed to make the change well, many talked of ‘zoom burnout’ and of no longer being able to face being in front of their screens all day. In fact, whether an individual makes a successful transition to remote learning depends on an element which is often ignored - namely the ability to keep an open mind. [...]

  • English
    Authors: 
    Danieli, Aude;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”; The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”

  • English
    Authors: 
    Rufat, Samuel; Plattard, Odile; Fekete, Alexander; GILLI, Ludivine; Hudson, Paul; Santoni, Victor;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | RESILOC (833671)

    The Second ENCORE European conference in October 2021 in Paris, France, has gathered two communities, the Risk Perception and Behaviour Survey of Surveyors (Risk-SoS) and the H2020-DRS01 Cluster on risk perception and adaptive behaviour (a grouping of several Horizon Europe – Disaster Resilient Societies projects, most notably RESILOC, BUILDERS, ENGAGE, LINKS, CORE and Risk PACC). During the Covid-19 pandemic lockdowns in 2020 and 2021 the monthly Risk-SoS webinars have been keeping the risk perception and adaptive behaviour research community together with panels on the role of theories in research on hazards adaptation, resilience and vulnerability. Topics were on risk perception and behaviour across challenges and time, across disciplines and methods, as well as panel and longitudinal approaches, and workshops on theories and methods to advance the design of a collective surveying approach with potentially common questions and answers’ scales to foster comparability. The Risk-SoS webinars have also been discussing the results of the Survey of Surveyors and sustaining the collective effort to build a harmonised approach for risk perception and adaptive behaviour assessment. In an hybrid format, the Second ENCORE conference has gathered 25 researchers and experts from 10 countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) at the Ministry of Research in Paris, France.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    English
    Authors: 
    Bierbrauer, Felix; Boyer, Pierre,; Lonsdale, Andrew; Peichl, Andreas;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    IPP PolicyBriefs n 74; Questions linked to the design and implementation of redistributive tax policies have occupied a growing position on the public agenda over recent years. Moreover, the fiscal pressures brought upon by the current coronavirus crisis will ensure that these issues maintain considerable political significance for years to come. In light of this importance, we present novel research on reforms of income tax systems. Our approach shows that tax reforms wherein the changes in individual tax burdens are larger for taxpayers with higher incomes are of particular interest. We denote such reforms as “monotonic” and show that, under this condition, it is possible to determine the “winners” and “losers” of a given tax reform. One can then conclude whether the monotonic reform is politically feasible, depending on whether a majority of individuals will benefit financially from the policy. An empirical analysis of tax reforms with a focus on the United States and France reveals that past reforms have, by and large, been monotonic. Our approach therefore enables us to test whether a given tax system admits a politically feasible reform and has direct policy relevance for the common types of taxation reforms undertaken by government authorities.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    English
    Authors: 
    Facal, Gabriel; douglas, ian; Ying, khoo; Sciortino, Rosalia; Andrieu, Sarah;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The Conversation; COVID-19 cases have risen exponentially in Southeast Asia in the past few months – at one time deaths were increasing at the fastest pace in the world. With the advance of the Delta variant, the region and its 655 million population have now become a pandemic hotspot due to geographical, political and socioeconomic factors.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Aujard, Yannick; Berger-Carbonne, Anne; VILLEMEUR, Agathe BILLETTE DE; Bley, Daniel; Brignon, Jean-Marc; Camus, Daniel; Chidiac, Christian; Eterradossi, Nicolas; Gaffet, Éric; Gehanno, Jean-François; +10 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Avis du Haut Conseil de Santé Publique (HCSP, France); International audience; Covid-19: Complementary recommendations on strategies to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in child care and school settings (HCSP, Avis et Rapports)Yannick Aujard, Anne Berger-Carbonne, Agathe Billette de Villemeur, Daniel Bley, Jean-Marc Brignon, Daniel Camus, Christian Chidiac, HCSP, Nicolas Eterradossi, Éric Gaffet, Jean-François Gehanno, Philippe Hartemann, Didier Lepelletier, Yves Lévi, Francelyne Marano, Philippe Minodier, Brigitte Moltrecht, Jean-Louis Roubaty, Gilles Salvat, Fabien Squinazi, Nicole VernazzaDate du document : 17/09/2020Date de mise en ligne : 27/05/2021https://www.hcsp.fr/Explore.cgi/AvisRapportsDomaine?clefr=1021The High Council of Public Health (HCSP) clarifies its recommendations of 9 September 2020 on strategies to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in childcare facilities and schools.The HCSP takes into consideration the fact that children are at low risk of severe disease and are poorly involved in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Transmission occurs mainly from adult to adult and from adult to child but rarely from child to child or from child to adult. Contaminations occur mainly within families or during social gatherings with a high density of people, outside schools. The wearing of masks by adults in primary school with children under 11 is mainly intended to protect children from contamination by asymptomatic adults who carry the virus. The HCSP recommends:to impose systematic use of a category 1 clothe mask that meets Afnor specifications for professionals in contact with the population;to consider that masks that do not meet Afnor category 1 specifications are not recommended for professionals in contact with children/students;to impose on children over 11 years of age to wear a category 1 mask that preferably meets Afnor specifications.not to consider an adult as “contact” if he/she wears a category 1 clothe mask meeting Afnor specifications or a medical mask when in contact with a child under 11 detected as positive case for Covid-19 and not wearing a mask.The HCSP also provides recommendations concerning contact-tracing in child-care and school and precise when a children/student should go back to school after having been tested positive for Covid-19.Lire en français :Covid-19 : Compléments sur les stratégies de prévention de la diffusion du SARS-CoV-2 en EAJE et milieu scolaire du 17 septembre 2020; Par cet avis complémentaire, le HCSP précise ses recommandations du 9 septembre 2020 concernant les stratégies de prévention de diffusion du SARS-CoV-2 en établissement d’accueil du jeune enfant (EAJE) et en milieu scolaire.Le HCSP prend en considération que les enfants sont peu à risque de forme grave et peu actifs dans la transmission du SARS-CoV-2. Le risque de transmission existe surtout d’adulte à adulte et d’adulte à enfant et rarement d’enfant à enfant ou d’enfant à adulte. Les transmissions surviennent surtout en intra-famille ou lors de regroupements sociaux avec forte densité de personnes en dehors des établissements scolaires. Le port du masque par les adultes dans les classes primaires accueillant des enfants de moins de 11 ans vise surtout à protéger les enfants d’une contamination par des adultes porteurs du virus et asymptomatiques. Le HCSP recommande de :rendre systématique le port préférentiel d’un masque grand public de catégorie 1 répondant aux spécifications de l’Afnor à destination de professionnels au contact de la population ;considérer que les masques grand public ne répondant pas aux spécifications de la catégorie 1 de l’Afnor ne sont pas recommandés pour les professionnels au contact des enfants/élèves ;rendre systématique pour les enfants de plus de 11 ans le port d’un masque grand public répondant de préférence aux spécifications de la catégorie 1 de l’Afnor.ne pas considérer un adulte encadrant comme contact s’il porte un masque grand public de catégorie 1 répondant aux spécifications de l’Afnor ou un masque à usage médical au contact d’un enfant de moins de 11 ans détecté positif Covid-19 ne portant pas de masque.Le HCSP émet aussi des recommandations concernant le contact-tracing dans ces structures et le retour d’éviction des enfants/élèves.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Ivaldi, Gilles;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Interview / Conference, French-American Foundation, New York; The rise of right-wing populism is one of the most significant political developments of the last decade. In Europe right-wing populist parties such as the French Rassemblement National have gained traction in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis and, most importantly, during the 2015 migration crisis. In the United-States, populist themes and ideas have played an important role in Donald Trump’s election in 2016 and in his redefinition of the GOP. Adopting a transatlantic perspective, this conference will discuss crucial aspects of the populist phenomenon and its recent manifestations in France and the United States, in the specific context produced by the Covid-19 pandemic, asking whether the current crisis may mark the end of the populist cycle in both countries.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    English
    Authors: 
    Benkraiem, Ramzi; Brinette, Souad; Khemiri, Sabrina;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Contribution à un site web; Most countries in the world have been heavily affected by COVID-19 since the beginning of the crisis last year. The United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres rightly described the pandemic as the worst global crisis facing humanity since the Second World War. After first emerging in China the spread of the virus pushed many countries to impose national lockdowns and quarantine policies to flatten the exponential growth curve of infections. As a result, global economies have faced unprecedented decline and many companies have been forced to cease their activities, leading to operational or liquidity crises. [...]

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    English
    Authors: 
    Jaffrelot, Christophe;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    contribution à un site web; In India, daily cases of infection due to Covid-19 have passed a record number of 350 000, the pandemic killing officially about 2,500 people every day, including young men and women. This humanitarian disaster is partly due to the way the Covid-19 virus has mutated: the new "Indian variant" appears to be both more contagious and more deadly. But this catastrophe is also man-made and reflects trends which had already been pointed out during the first wave, one year ago. On March 31, 2020, I had called the Covid-19 pandemic a "global time bomb". Issues I highlighted then need to be revisited again. The way the government of India dealt with the pandemic reflects three dimensions of India’s dysfunctional governance that were there before: the present crisis, like an acid test, accentuates existing features. It is revealing of the wandering of decision-makers and the grasp of Hindu nationalism over India’s politics and society, it shows that for the country’s rulers power can be pursued at any cost and that no institution can resist them, and finally, it highlights the crisis of federalism.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    English
    Authors: 
    Benkraiem, Ramzi; Brinette, Souad; Khemiri, Sabrina;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Contribution à un site web