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64 Research products, page 1 of 7

  • COVID-19
  • 2017-2021
  • Other ORP type
  • DK

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  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Halkier, Henrik; Ren, Carina; James, Laura; Therkelsen, Anette; Bembom, Elsbeth;
    Country: Denmark

    Hvad skal guide os videre i turismeudviklingen efter corona? Denne blog gør status og sammen med to fremtrædende turismeeksperter - Signe Jungersted fra Group NAO og Anna Porse fra Seismonaut - kaster vi et skarpt lys på de sidste to års erfaringer.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Mellupe, Renata;
    Publisher: Syddansk Universitet. Det Samfundsvidenskabelige Fakultet
    Country: Denmark

    Forskning i, hvordan stressfaktorer i forbindelse med udfordringer og hindringer påvirker performance, er vokset stærkt frem i litteraturen om organisatorisk stress. Vores forståelse af de mekanismer, som kan forklare disse effekter, er dog stadig begrænset. Denne artikelbaserede afhandling, som tager afsæt i udfordrings-/hindrings stressmodellen og transaktionsteori omkring stress, behandler i tre forskningsartikler spørgsmålet om, hvordan stressfaktorer påvirker performance ved at undersøge underliggende kognitive mekanismer og faktorer, som er relateret til disse effekter. Den første artikel har fokus på, hvordan udfordrings- og hindringsvurdering bidrager til vores forståelse af sammenhængen mellem stressfaktorer og performance. Artiklen præsenterer en oversigt over empiriske resultater, og stiller de studier, som måler vurderinger og de studier, der ikke tager vurderinger med i betragtning op overfor hinanden. Den konkluderer, at måling af vurderinger giver et mere detaljeret billede af sammenhængene mellem stressfaktorer og performancerelaterede resultater. Den anden artikel beskriver et præregistreret eksperimentelt studie, som har undersøgt virkningen af stressfaktorens styrke (opgavesværhedsgrad) på udfordrings-/hindringsvurderinger og performance af en krævende kognitiv opgave. Studiet fandt en ikke-lineære effekt af opgavesværhedsgrad på udfordringsvurderinger, mens effekten på hindringsvurderinger var lineær. Samtidig bekræfter det hindringsvurderingens medierende rolle i sammenhængen mellem opgavesværhedsgrad og performance. Den tredje artikel beskriver to studier. Studie 1 er et præregistreret eksperiment, som udforsker, hvilken rolle tidligere erfaringer og feedback spiller i det dynamiske stressforløb. Artiklen fokuserer især på, hvordan opgaveperformance, vist som en sideløbende performance feedback (dvs. simultan præsentation af opadgående social sammenligning og objektiv feedback) medierer ændringer i udfordrings- og hindringsvurderinger. Studie 1 underbygger delvist dets hypoteser om indirekte effekter. Studie 2 bygger på Studie 1 og anvender derudover eye-tracking til at undersøge sammenhængene mellem udfordrings-/hindringsvurderinger og opmærksomhed på de to nævnte aspekter af sideløbende feedback for at kaste lys på hvilke opmærksomhedsprocesser, der ligger bag de effekter, der blev fundet i Studie 1. Studie 2 er i øjeblikket i gang med dataindsamling og er ikke afsluttet på grund af COVID-19-inducerede restriktioner på laboratoriet. Denne afhandlings overordnede resultater anbefaler en gentænkning af den nuværende forståelsesramme for udfordrings-/hindrings stressmodellen ved at åbne for en mere kompleks konceptualisering af sammenhængen mellem stressfaktorer og performance i organisationer. Research on the effects of challenge and hindrance stressors on performance is burgeoning in organizational stress literature. Nevertheless, our understanding of the mechanisms explaining these effects is still limited. Grounded in the challenge-hindrance stressor framework and the transactional theory of stress, this article-based dissertation addresses the question of how stressors produce their effects on performance by investigating the underlying cognitive mechanisms and factors associated with these effects in three research papers. Specifically, to understand how challenge and hindrance appraisals contribute to our understanding of the stressor-performance link, the first paper presents a review of the empirical findings that contrasts the studies that measure appraisals with those that do not consider appraisals. It finds that measurement of appraisals offers more refined picture of the relationships between the stressors and performance-related outcomes. The second paper conducts a pre-registered experimental study to investigate the effects of the magnitude of a stressor (task difficulty) on challenge and hindrance appraisals and performance in a demanding cognitive task. It finds the non-linear effects of task difficulty on challenge appraisals, while the effects on hindrance appraisals were linear. In addition, it provides support for the mediating role of the hindrance appraisals in the task difficulty-performance relationships. The third paper consists of two studies. Study 1 carries out a pre-registered experiment to explore the role of prior experience and feedback in the dynamic stress process. Specifically, it examines how task performance, provided as in-task concurrent feedback, i.e., simultaneous presentation of upward social comparison and objective feedback, mediates change in challenge and hindrance appraisals. Study 1 finds partial support for the hypothesized effects. Study 2 examines the underlying effects found in Study 1 and employs eye-tracking to explore the associations between challenge and hindrance appraisals and attentional focus on the two elements of the in-task concurrent feedback to shed light on attentional processes. Study 2 is currently in the process of data collection and is not completed due to COVID-19 induced restrictions on the laboratory. The overall results of this dissertation encourage rethinking the existing state of the challenge-hindrance stressor framework by inviting a more complex conceptualization of the stressor-performance association in organizations.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Ren, Carina; Therkelsen, Anette; James, Laura; Halkier, Henrik; Bembom, Elsbeth;
    Country: Denmark

    Hvad tager turismeerhvervet med sig efter halvandet år med nedlukning? Hvad er lært og udviklet? Vi stiller skarpt på tre helt store tendenser: bæredygtig, digital og lokal turisme.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Aburto, José Manuel; Schöley, Jonas; Kashnitsky, Ilya; Kashyap, Ridhi;
    Country: Denmark
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Restricted Danish
    Authors: 
    Lyngdorf, Niels Erik Ruan; Bertel, Lykke Brogaard; Andersen, Thomas;
    Publisher: Aalborg University
    Country: Denmark
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Holm, Pætur Mikal; Grønne, Dorte Thalund; Roos, Ewa M.; Skou, Søren Thorgaard;
    Publisher: ClinicalTrials.gov
    Country: Denmark

    Due to enforced social distancing as a direct consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, many on-site health care services are unavailable. This study seeks to investigate the comparative effectiveness of an alternative on-line delivery model of exercise and education compared to on-site delivery in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Due to the extraordinary events of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, finding alternative delivery-models of treatment has come to the forefront of public health services worldwide. Consequently, on-line treatment is rapidly becoming an integral part of public health service. For patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), where non-pharmacological and non-surgical treatment is considered first-line treatment, on-line delivered exercise has already shown promise and may be a viable treatment option, especially when traditional on-site exercise delivery models are unavailable. However, further studies are needed to clarify the relative effectiveness of on-line exercise and education when compared to on-site exercise and education programs.This study aims to evaluate the effects of on-line exercise and education in knee OA compared to a cohort of similar knee OA patients completing the same exercise and education program through on-site delivery.This study includes two cohorts of knee OA patients receiving the same exercise and education program through different delivery models (on-line vs. on-site). The on-line cohort is a new treatment delivery initiative, born out of the COVID-19 enforced shutdown of all non-critical on-site health care. The on-site cohort is comprised of knee OA patients from a patient registry, collecting outcome data as part of the exercise and education program.The exercise and education program is called Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D), and consists of two to three disease-specific educational sessions and 12 neuromuscular exercise sessions (NEMEX-TJR). GLA:D originates from Denmark and has currently been implemented in Australia, Canada, China, Switzerland and New Zealand.This study will primarily compare outcomes of pain, function and quality of life between the two different treatment delivery models and will provide important insights in effectiveness of alternative delivery models of recommended first-line care for patients with knee OA.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Levin, Andrew; Owusu-Boaitey, Nana; Pugh, Sierra; Fosdick, Bailey K.; Zwi, Anthony B.; Malani, Anup; Soman, Satej; Besançon, Lonni; Kashnitsky, Ilya; Ganesh, Sachin; +8 more
    Country: Denmark
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Lyngdorf, Niels Erik Ruan; Bertel, Lykke Brogaard; Andersen, Thomas;
    Publisher: Aalborg University
    Country: Denmark

    Dagens podcast produceres som del af dissemineringen af undersøgelsen - Evaluering Af Digitalt Understøttet Læring På Aalborg Universitet I 2020 - Underviser- Og Studenterperspektiver På Universitetets Nedlukning Som Følge Af Covid-19, som blev foretaget i efteråret 2020 og dækkede undervisere og studerendes oplevelser af arbejds- og studielivet i relation til studieaktiviteter på AAU i foråret 2020 til efteråret 2020. Rapporten er struktureret omkring 5 hovedtemaer: Digitalt understøttet undervisning, PBL-modellen, Vejledning, Eksamen, og sidst Trivsel, motivation og identitet. Denne podcastserie vil dække dele af disse temaer over 3 afsnit og i dag i denne første del taler vi om trivsel, motivation og identitet med fokus på studerende.

  • Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Bembom, Elsbeth; Ren, Carina;
    Country: Denmark

    In this blog post, we explored how urban hotels adapted to the COVID-19 crisis and what these changes can teach us about the post-pandemic urban hotel sector. Instead of merely serving the needs of short-stay international guests, hotels have found new purposes and functions for local communities during the pandemic.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access Danish
    Authors: 
    Therkelsen, Anette; Ren, Carina;
    Country: Denmark

    Pandemiens lock-down har åbnet øjnene for turismens miljømæssige aftryk, ironisk nok pga. en voldsomt neddroslet rejseaktivitet. Spørgsmålet er nu, om vi i tiden efter covid-19 vil se en større efterspørgsel på bæredygtige ferier og dermed en grønnere udvikling i dansk turisme?